Freedom Fighters of India and Their Contributions
Table of Contents
In today’s generation, when someone tries to control us, we quickly get irritated and angry. Do you feel the same? Do you know that our ancestors underwent the same torture many years ago? The freedom we are enjoying did not come easily. There is a struggle behind it by freedom fighters in India. The great freedom fighters of India did not care about their lives. They devoted their lives to the motherland of India. In this article, we will learn about India’s freedom fighters and their contributions to the country.
Famous Freedom Fighters of India
● Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey was the first freedom fighter in India. For the first time, he inspired Indians by presenting the phrase “Maro Firangi Ko.” His uprising catalyzed the first liberation struggle. He was one of the earliest revolutionaries to motivate young Indian soldiers to start the 1857 Great Rebellion and the Indian Mutiny, also called India’s First War of Independence.
● Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawahar Lal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Prayagraj, known as Chacha Nehru. Mahatma Gandhi’s attempts to free India from the British significantly impacted his fervour for independence. He started as a lawyer and ascended to fame as an Indian independence fighter and politician. He participated in the war for freedom, rose to the position of President of the Indian National Congress, and finally was appointed the country’s first Prime Minister upon independence. His birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day as he loved kids very much.
● Mahatma Gandhi
The full name of Mahatma Gandhi was Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi, also known as “Bapu” and “Father of Nation”. Gandhi fervently joined the freedom struggle after seeing how Englishmen were ruling India. Before going to South Africa to practice law, he studied law in London. He was motivated to fight for human rights by racial bias toward some Indians. Mahatma Gandhi led various nonviolent protests against the British people in his exploration for independence, including the “Dandi March” movement, in which he walked (March 12 1930 – April 6 1930) on his bare foot to remove the salt tax.
● Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Orissa, known as Netaji. He evolved a member of the Indian National Congress and participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement. Later, he sought assistance in Germany after getting dissatisfied with Gandhi Ji’s Non-Violence Method of Freedom. So, he founded the Azad Hind Government & Azad Hind Army, known as Indian National Army (INA), where he trained and supervised all freedom fighters.
● Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875 and is known as the Iron Man of India and Bismarck of India. He is famous for being very brave and epic from a young age. He was a lawyer though he left the lawful profession to fight for India’s independence from British control. He was appointed the country’s Deputy Prime Minister following India’s independence and worked to bring princely states into the Union of India.
● Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second prime minister of India, was born in 1904 in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh. He maintained the office of Home Minister upon India’s independence before being elected as the second Prime Minister of India in 1964. He joined the Mahatma Gandhi-led Salt the Civil Disobedience movement, Satyagraha movement, and the Quit India movement as a silent but active freedom warrior. As freedom fighter, he spent a lot of time behind bars.
● Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai, the great freedom fighter, was born on 28 January 1865, also known as “Punjab Kesari”. He was an Indian author and a national freedom fighter of India. He rose to prominence in 1920 due to his leadership of the Punjab Protest and the Non-Cooperation Movement after the Jalliawala Bagh event. He was a member of the famous Indian National Congress and the Lal-Bal-Pal trio. He died in 1928 during a Simon Commission protest after a severe British Lathi charge.
● Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh took birth in a Sikh family of independence warriors in Punjab. He was a well-known revolutionary and contentious & for India who ultimately died as a proud martyr for his nation. He joined the non-Cooperation movement in 1921. To promote patriotism in Punjabi youth, he established the “Naujawan Bharat Sabha.” He was hung to demise by British colonizers at the age of 23.
● Sukhdev Thapar
Sukhdev Thapar was born on 15 May 1907 in Ludhiana, Punjab. With Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru, he served as an Indian revolutionary who fought for India’s independence. He was a senior member of the HSRA and was hanged on March 23, 1931, while he was only 23 years old by British citizens.
● Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad serving the nation didn’t just stop after India became independent. He first took part at the age of 16 in India’s Independence. In his second term as Congress President, he initiated the Quit India Movement. In 1922, he was conferred a Bharat Ratna. He became the first education minister in 1947 of India. He served the nation for over 50 years and died on February 22, 1958.
● Dr Zakir Husain
The third president of independent India, Dr Zakir Husain, was also the first Muslim president of India. He served as the Vice Chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia for 22 years (1926-48) and made it one of India’s best educational institutes. He became the first Indian president to die on duty on May 3, 1969.
● Asaf Ali
When many freedom fighters were jailed daily, Asaf Ali trekked up and fought their legal combats to bail them out. Asaf Ali also participated in the ‘Quit India Movement and did everything he could to help India achieve independence. He was even jailed alongside Jawaharlal Nehru.
● Maulana Mazharul Haque
Maulana Mazharul Haque was known for social work during the famine of 1897. He donated all his property to encourage education. He also played a significant role in completing the Non-Cooperation Movement, Khilafat Movement and the Champaran Satyagraha. He died on 2 January 1930.
● Abdul Ghaffar Khan
In 1929, Abdul Gaffar Khan evolved the famous Khudai Khidmatgar (“Servants of God”) movement, and it successfully drove it to its Destiny. He was also renowned as Frontier Gandhi. He opposed the partition of India after independence, but he failed. Later, he shifted to Pakistan and initiated a movement for a separate Baloch province. He was jailed many times for the exact cause. He died during a war between the Afghani rebels and soviet forces in 1988.
Female Freedom Fighters of India
India is a proud country as it has many female freedom fighters who fought for their country without fear. They still inspire females of today’s generation to fight for their rights.
● Rani Lakshmi Bai
Lakshmi Bai was the woman warrior in the history of India who had such a powerful effect on the minds of the Indian people as the Rani of Jhansi. Her courage motivated many Indians to rise against the alien rule. She was the second wife of the ruler Raja Gangadhar Rao (ruler of Jhansi), who protested against the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’. Rani Lakshmi bai denied sacrificing Jhansi and fought courageously as a male during the Revolt of 1857 and died on the battlefield fighting the British forces.
● Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu was the first Lady Indian president of the Indian National Congress at the Kanpur Session in 1925. She went to the USA with the message of the nonviolent movement from Gandhiji in 1928. When Gandhi was arrested for a protest, Sarojini took the helm of his movement in 1930. Later in 1931, she participated in the Round Table Summit with Gandhiji and Pandit Malaviyaji. She was the President of Congress in 1932. She was arrested during the protest of ‘Quit India’ and waited in jail for 21 months.
● Begam Hazrat Mahal
Begum Hazrat Mahal was the wife of the ruler of Lucknow, Wajid Ali Shah. He actively participated against the Doctrine of Lapse in the revolt of 1857. Dalhousie wanted her to surrender Lucknow under it. She gave a little resistance. Though, after the fall of Lucknow, she escaped to Kathmandu.
● Annie Besant
Annie Besant was a well-known political activist, freedom fighter and champion of the anti-Church movement and women’s rights, born on October 1, 1847 in Ireland.
In the 1870s, She evolved as a member of the National Secular Society and the Fabian Society in England. Being a socialist and having spiritual ease led her to enter the Theosophical Society in 1889. She came to India to evangelize the Theosophical Society’s ideals in 1893. she was encouraged by the continued struggle for freedom against British rule. She slowly became an active participant After landing in India.
In 1916, she established Home Rule League along with Bal Gangadhar Tilak. She carried on this historical movement intending to attain the Dominion of India. Her contribution directed her to be elected as the first female president of the Indian National Congress in 1917.
● Savitribai Phule
Savitribai Jyoti Rao Phule was born on January 3, 1831. She was one of the major reformers, educationalists and poets in Maharashtra. Savitri Bai is the first female teacher in India. Along with her husband, she played a crucial role in improving women’s rights in India, and also founded the first modern Indian girl’s school in Pune.
Unsung Heroes: Lesser known Indian Freedom Fighters
● Tirupur Kumaran
Tirupur founded the Desa Bandhu Youth Association. He organized several protest marches against the colonial government. He was killed on 11th January 1932 for holding a flag of Indian nationalists that the British had banned. The flag was still in his hands when he died.
● Matangini Hazra
Matangini has participated in the Quit India Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement. During a Quit India movement protest, she was shot three times while marching with the Indian flag. Despite being shot, she kept shouting “Vande Mataram”.
● Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Munshi was active during India’s freedom movement, especially the Quit India Movement. He was also known as Kulpati. He founded the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. The number of times the British regime arrested him showed his dedication and passion for an independent India.
● Parbati Giri
Parbati Giri was also known as the Mother Teresa of Western Orissa. Giri served the public socially post-independence. She was only 16 but actively at the forefront of all freedom activities, especially the Quit India Movement. She was also imprisoned for two years for taking part in such activities.
Freedom Fighters of India Images with Names
How Many Freedom Movements Does India Have?
There are few major movements of India. Lets explore the list of Indian Independence Movements.
|The Swadeshi Movement||1905-1911|
|Home Rule Movement||1916-1918|
|Civil Disobedience Movement||1930|
|Quit India Movement||1942|
In 2022 we celebrated the 76th Independence Day of India. It has been a long and onerous journey from the beginning for India, filled with numerous challenges and disruptions. As we live this independent life, it is all because of the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for India.
Frequently Asked Questions
1) From Which Country India Got Freedom?
Answer: After many decades of struggle, India won its freedom from British colonial rule in 1947. Mahatma Gandhi joined the struggle in 1914 and led the country to independence, using nonviolent protest known as satyagraha.
2) Which City Got Freedom in India First?
Answer: Ballia was the first city which got independence on 19th August 1942. It is a city situated in Uttar Pradesh.
3) Who Was the First Freedom Fighter of India?
Answer: Mangal Pandey is known as the first freedom fighter of India. He recognised as the forerunner of the India’s first battle of independence (revolt against the British).
4) Who Was the Youngest Freedom Fighter of India?
Answer: Baji Rout was the youngest freedom fighter and martyr of India. He was a boat boy belonging to Odisha shot by British police at the age of twelve when he refused to transport them across the Brahmani River at Nilakanthapur Ghat on the night of 11 October 1938.