25 List of Historical Monuments of India - ORCHIDS
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Historical Monuments of India

Historical Monuments of India

India is a country well-known for its architecture, culture, and traditions. In these architectures, monuments are one of the best and most reliable sources of history. The rulers built most of these monuments for political or social reasons. Isn’t it beneficial for them? Teaching it to your children is an excellent way to share general knowledge and history. This article will help improve kids’ conversational skills and provide you with the names of all monuments of India.

Monuments of India List

Here is a list of monuments in India by state.

MonumentCityState
Taj MahalAgraUttar Pradesh
Agra FortAgraUttar Pradesh
Fatehpur Sikri FortAgraUttar Pradesh
Qutub MinarNew DelhiDelhi
Jama MasjidNew DelhiDelhi
Red FortNew DelhiDelhi
Lotus TempleNew DelhiDelhi
India GateNew DelhiDelhi
Humayun’s TombNew DelhiDelhi
Golden TempleAmritsarPunjab
Amer FortJaipurRajasthan
Jaisalmer FortJaisalmerRajasthan
City PalaceUdaipurRajasthan
Hawa MahalJaipurRajasthan
Khajuraho Group of MonumentsChhatarpurMadhya Pradesh
Gateway of IndiaMumbaiMaharashtra
CharminarHyderabadAndhra Pradesh
Group of MonumentsHampiKarnataka
Brihadeshwara TempleThanjavurTamil Nadu
Mysore PalaceMysoreKarnataka
Sun TempleKonarkOdisha
Sanchi StupaSanchiMadhya Pradesh
Victoria MemorialKolkataWest Bengal
Ajanta and Ellora CavesAurangabadMaharashtra
Basilica of Bom JesusGoaGoa

Kids started learning about general knowledge in their primary classes, and almost every Indian knows about these important monuments of India with names. Let’s explore the history of some famous monuments of India. 

Taj Mahal

1) Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is also spelt Tadj Mahall. The Taj Mahal is the most significant architectural achievement in Indo-Islamic architecture. It is a mausoleum complex in Agra, in western Uttar Pradesh state. This beautiful monument was built by the famous Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1632 to immortalise his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth in 1631.

2) Qutub Minar

One of the famous architects, Qutub Minar, was built by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak in 1193. It is India’s tallest structure, with five storeys and projecting balconies. It is a 73-meter-high tower built to celebrate Muslim dominance in Delhi after the defeat of Delhi’s last Hindu ruler.  Its original name was “Vishnu Stambh.” When Qutab-ud-din Aibak arrived in India, he demolished Hindu and Jain temples and renamed the structure, Qutub Minar. 

3) Hawa Mahal

The Hawa Mahal is a massive palace in Jaipur, Rajasthan, built from red and pink sandstone, with 953 windows incorporated into the honeycomb design. The Hawa Mahal is well-known because of its astounding and unique architecture. The structure was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh and beautifully designed by Lal Chand Ustad in 1799. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh is the grandson of the founder of Jaipur, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh. The unique structure of Khetri Mahal so inspired him that he built this grand and historical palace.

4) Red Fort

The Red Fort was built by the fifth Mughal Emperor of India, Shah Jahan, in the mid-17th century. The Red Fort was built to serve as the palace fort for his capital, Shahjahanabad. The Emperor decided to shift his capital to Delhi from Agra by commissioning the fort’s construction by the River Yamuna.

5) Golden Temple

The Golden Temple is the most sacred pilgrimage spot for Sikhs, also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib. It is the holiest sanctum in all of Sikhism and is famous for its fully golden dome. The structure’s upper portion was constructed using about 400 kg of gold leaf donated by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1830. The gurudwara shows the openness of the Sikhs through the four entrances used to enter it.

Frequently Asked Questions

1) How Many Monuments Are There in India?

Answer: There are a total of 116 monuments in India, spread across 19 states. However, 17 monuments in India are located in Uttar Pradesh.

2) Which is the Oldest Monument in India?

Answer: The Ajanta Caves are India’s oldest monument; approximately 30 stone-cut Buddhist cave monuments developed between 200 B.C. to 650 A.D. It is situated in Aurangabad of Maharashtra State.

Also Read…

Nicknames of Indian Cities – List and Facts

National Symbols of India with Names

Major Festivals of India

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