Animal Names in English: Explore the List of Top 100 Animals - ORCHIDS
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Animal Names in English

Animal Names in English

From a young age, the little ones are drawn to animals. Introducing animals to your kids is essential, but have you ever wondered how your child can differentiate between a donkey and a horse? Do they know leopards have spots while zebras have stripes? Some animals can fly, some can swim and inherit many other fascinating characteristics, which will help kids remember the names of different animals. Let’s discuss animal names in English in an interesting way.

What is an Animal?

In biology, living organisms which are eukaryotes (whose genetic material is organised into chromosomes) and composed of numerous cells, are called animals. It comes under the biological kingdom “Animalia”. All animals are composed of cells surrounded by a unique extracellular matrix made of collagen and flexible glycoproteins.

Animals are defined in biology as eukaryotic- made up of many cells with genetic material organised into chromosomes. Each animal has its own extracellular matrix of flexible glycoproteins and collagen surrounding its cells. 

Animals are living beings that require shelter, food, and water to survive. Every species of animal has differences in its structures, shapes, sizes, habitats, and functions. They also differ in their way of living. Animals have various classifications based on their lifestyle, eating habits, body systems, etc. Animals are categorized into two main groups- vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates are animals with a backbone, and invertebrates are animals that do not have a backbone.

Animals Are Also Grouped According to What They Eat.

Carnivores

Animals which hunt and eat meat come under the term “carnivores.” For example, lions, foxes, wolves, owls, etc.

Herbivores

Animals which eat plants are called herbivores, e.g., rabbits, donkeys, horses, cows, sheep, giraffes, elephants, goats, parrots, etc.

Omnivores 

Omnivores are animals that eat both plants and meat, e.g., humans, bears, etc.

Categories of Animals

There are different kinds of animals on this planet Earth. It might be difficult for kids to remember each and every animal names in English. Here we are discussing the six main classes of animals:

Mammals

Definition of Mammals: 

A mammal is an animal that can breathe air, has a backbone, and occasionally develops hair. All female mammals have milk-producing glands. Mammals are among the most intelligent species of all living creatures. Humans are also called mammals.

Mammals

List of Mammals Names

  1. Dog
  2. Pig
  3. Lion
  4. Monkey
  5. Elephant
  6. Fox
  7. Panda
  8. Kangaroo
  9. Cow
  10.  Leopard
  11.  Goat
  12.  Sheep
  13.  Hippopotamus
  14.  Ox
  15.  Horse
  16.  Giraffe
  17.  Deer
  18.  Chimpanzee
  19.  Raccoon
  20.  Squirrel

Amphibians 

Definition of Amphibian:

Amphibians are small vertebrates that require moisture to survive, such as water. They all have fragile skin that can breathe through and absorb water. Amphibians can live in water and on land.

Amphibians

List of Amphibians Names

There are 5 types of Amphibians:

  1. Frog
  • American Bullfrog
  • Green Frog
  • Wood Frog
  • Glass Frog
  • Desert Rain Frog

2. Salamanders

  • Mudpuppy
  • Spotted Salamander
  • Marbled Salamander
  • Green Salamander
  • Longtail Salamander
  1. Toad
  • Cane Toad
  • Common Toad
  • Natterjack Toad
  • American Toad
  • European Green Toad
  1. Newts
  • Alpine Newts
  • Smooth Newts
  • Southern Banded Newts
  • Warty Newts
  • Mountain Newts
  1. Caecilians
  • Rhinatrematidae
  • Ichthyophiidae 
  • Scolecomorphidae 
  • Herpelidae 
  • Chikilidae 

Reptiles

Definition of Reptiles:

The class of animals known as reptiles consist of mostly cold-blooded creatures that lay eggs and have scale-covered skin. As reptiles have backbones, they come under the vertebrate category. All species of reptiles have at least one lung. They are also four-legged, which includes: lizards, turtles, crocodiles, and alligators. 

Reptiles

List of Reptiles Names

  1. Alligators
  2. Frilled-neck Lizard
  3. Anaconda
  4. Sea Turtle
  5. Crocodile
  6. Slow Worm
  7. Thorny Devil
  8. Tuatara
  9. Spectacled Caiman
  10.  Puff adder

Fishes

Definition of Fish:

The fact that fish have a backbone indicates that they are vertebrates. They have a pair of fins instead of arms and legs. They react to temperature changes in their environment by changing their body temperature, as they have cold blood. Also, they use gills for breathing.

Fishes

List of Fish Names

  1. Whale
  2. Dolphin
  3. Eel
  4. Shark
  5. Salmon
  6. Jellyfish
  7. Prawn
  8. Tuna
  9. Lionfish
  10. Clown Fish
  11.  Stone Fish
  12.  Oscar Fish
  13.  Rainbow Trout
  14.  Catla
  15.  Catfish

Birds

Definition of Birds:

Birds are warm-blooded animals that have backbones. Even though all birds have wings, some species, such as penguins, kiwis, ostriches, etc., cannot fly. They are the only creatures with feathers and choose to build their homes called a “nest.” at a certain height. 

Birds

List of Birds Names

  1. Owl
  2. Parrot
  3. Penguin
  4. Pigeon
  5. Sparrow
  6. Seabird
  7. Swan
  8. Crow
  9. Dove
  10. Chickadee
  11. Duck
  12. Falcon
  13. Finch
  14. Tyrant flycatchers
  15. Goose
  16.  Gull
  17.  Hawk
  18.  Heron
  19.  Hummingbird
  20.  Kingfisher

List of Common Animals

Here is a list of common animals that we come across regularly.

  1. Dog
  2. Cat
  3. Rat
  4. Cow
  5. Pig
  6. Parrot
  7. Crow
  8. Pigeon
  9. Cockroach
  10.  Frog

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which is the Largest Animal in the World?

Answer: The Blue Whale is the world’s largest animal, weighing 400,000 pounds.

2. Which is the Smallest Animal in the World?

Answer: The smallest animal in the world is the Etruscan shrew, weighing only about 1.8 g on average.

3. Is Crocodile an Amphibian?

Answer: A crocodile is not an Amphibian. It is a Reptile.

Also Read…

Top 100 Wild Animals List in English

Science Experiments Every Primary Student Should Know

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