It’s time to know the different child development stages
Is your child’s development on track?
That’s one such important question we all go through.
Children go through many unique periods of development as they grow from infants to young adults. During each of these child development stages, multiple changes take place in their brain. Child development stages is a term used to outline significant periods in the human development timeline. Developmental psychologists study child development in a variety of ways, such as by observing the child’s environment or studying children’s play. They also do laboratory experiments on child subjects to understand how they see the world and their ability to think abstractly. As is observed with Child psychologists, we parents also must recognize that there are many different stages of child development that are crucial and important for us to understand and comprehend properly.
Our main aim in this post is to help every parent understand what is taking place in their toddler’s brain and body during each period to provide the necessary support, encouragement, and structure, to help their kids progress through each stage as smoothly as possible.
Different developmental stages in a child’s life
Infant (0 to 12 months old)
The infant stage is one of the vital child development stages. The main goals during this time are the growth and physical maturation of the baby, as well as establishing an intimate relationship with the parents and close family. This time the child is often loved and cared for, as well as given the opportunity to explore their surroundings, of course not by letting them all by themselves, but the infant shouldn’t be interrupted while he or she is exploring or in the middle of an intense thought process.
Toddler (12 to 30 months old)
Toddler stage is one of the unavoidable child development stages that is mainly focused on developing social skills and independence as well as physical abilities such as walking and talking. The child should be given the opportunity to explore their surroundings by themselves but always under supervision because of safety reasons. This child development stage is very important because of its twofold task: on one hand, it facilitates growth in physical size and mental capacity; on the other hand, this age period lays the foundations for child development in later years. In this stage, children become more independent and learn how to do tasks for themselves. They start being able to communicate their needs verbally or through gestures. The child starts exploring his surroundings by himself and may even show some signs of independence like getting dressed without needing help from parents or guardians.
Preschooler/Child (18 to 36 months old)
This particular child development stage is all about learning new things, such as speaking and reading skills, which will make it easier for them to understand and modulate their lives accordingly, during their teenage years. During this time of child development stage, they should be given opportunities to try out different activities that are suitable for their age. The child tends to get more control and command over his or her body movements, speech, emotions, and thinking. Some of the things your child can smoothly do by this age are, they can toss a ball overhand, skip and bounce, remain on one foot for ten seconds or more, dress themselves, and draw an individual with highlights.
School-Age Child (36+months up until puberty)
The school-Age child is the time when your child will be spending more of their free time with other children. It is important to let them try out different activities, such as sports and clubs that are suitable for their age group. This stage is about understanding who a child is, their relationships with others, and what they can do to make themselves happy. The first half of this stage includes early childhood from birth up until around eight years old. They may also need help in understanding how they can protect themselves from situations where they could face harm or danger from the outside world. This child stage is about the child’s identity and how they relate to themselves, their family members, friends, schoolmates, etc. They are also learning who they are in relation to society at large as well as what kind of future job or college major may suit them best. The second half of this stage includes adolescence, from around 12 to 18 years of age. The child is now young adulthood and starting to form their own identity, which will remain with them for the rest of their life. For many adolescents, this includes a more in-depth exploration of spirituality. They may also be exploring different types of recreational drugs or alcohol during this stage, so parents should be on the lookout for any changes in child behaviour.
Role of parents during different psychological child developmental stages
Parents are responsible for different child development stages right from the time they’re born until adulthood. This includes providing them with nourishment and care, as well as helping to shape their personality by teaching them how to socialize with others in society. Parents also play an important role during childhood, adolescence and old age stages of child psychology.
During these various stages in a child’s life, parents are most influential. Parents should also be aware of any significant changes in behaviour as a result of age-appropriate discipline methods such as timeouts and spanking. Guardians are the child’s first and most important teachers, nurturing them with care and love as they grow into their lovely adulthood. Changes such as puberty or when a child starts talking may require more close attention from parents.
Child development stages are a complicated process, and these can be overwhelming for parents to keep up with what their kids should be doing at each stage. But there are some helpful tips that will make this much easier. For example, you need to know how parent-child interactions affect your child’s brain development or that the way in which children play has an impact on cognitive skills like memory and problem solving ability. You also want to understand what kind of activities they might enjoy as well as which ones are too advanced for them. The best thing you can do as a parent is learn about these stages so you know when something needs attention or if things just seem off. It takes time but understanding where your child may be in their life. During adolescence, toddlers need their parents more than ever. However, studies say that teens can navigate these years with relative ease in a positive, fun and happy family environment.