Dyslexia is an illness that impacts the capacity to read, spell, and write. Although children suffering from dyslexia are known to be smart and dedicated, they have problems linking the letters they make a complete word or sentence. Dyslexia in children is a condition that needs important consideration from the part of teachers as well as parents.
According to a 2015 press note released by India’s Press Information Bureau (PIB), which quoted from a Times of India report, about 15% of children in India suffer from some type of dyslexia in the country. Globally, about 5-20% of children are dyslexic. Dyslexia in children is not a bugbear that has to be feared.
According to the Dyslexia Association of India, in a multilingual country like India, this figure might increase as multilingualism can affect learning and increase learning difficulties.
What Causes Dyslexia?
Although the exact causes behind dyslexia are not known, it believed that genes play an important role. Children are more likely to inherit the disorder if your parents, siblings, or other family members suffer from it.
Dyslexia cannot be cured and it is lifelong. However, with the right support and training, children with dyslexia can become successful students and adults.
Symptoms of Dyslexia
Children struggle all the time to connect words and make sentences. While some children are slow to learn, some are fast. Children that learn slow might or might not show any signs of dyslexia and that’s where the difficulty of diagnosing the disorder lies. It’s difficult to recognize the signs of dyslexia before your child starts schooling, but there are some early indications that you can look for to know whether or not your child is dyslexic. People can display dyslexia symptoms at any age, but it normally starts in childhood.
As your child starts schooling, the first person to know if your child is a dyslexic will, in probability, be their teacher. That becomes apparent when the child starts to write or read in school.
However, certain signs can help you gauge your child’s learning disability.
1. Late Talking
The first sign that you should know is whether your child is slow in talking. Most children start speaking basic words by the time they are 18 months old but if your child talks late, then you must talk to a doctor.
2. Difficulty in Reading
As mentioned earlier, many children with dyslexia have normal intelligence and sometimes even better than normal children and get parental support, but they have difficulty in learning to read. This happens as they are unable to connect letters to make a word or sentence.
3. Late Growth Milestone
Dyslexia in children can manifest in several ways including delayed growth milestones such as crawling, walking, talking, writing and sometimes even reading.
4. Delayed Development of Speech
Children with dyslexia often take a little longer than normal children to speak. Most of the time, they also mispronounce words and can have difficulty finding differences between words.
5. Slow Learning
While in school, dyslexic children may have difficulty learning alphabets, numbers, and even tables. They will also be unable to pronounce or write them. They may have difficulty remembering days, months, and colors.
These children have difficulty distinguishing between left and right.
Children With dyslexia often suffer from poor hand-eye coordination. They will have difficulty catching a ball or holding a book in the right way. They will even struggle to hold a pencil in the right way.
8. Not Showing Interest
They have a lower attention span and will not show any interest in most academic chores. They will always look at things from a different perspective.
Dyslexic children do not remember numbers or alphabetical words in sequence and will always reverse without even realizing it.
Some dyslexic children will have difficulty writing the right spellings. Although they may remember a word today, they will forget it tomorrow.
The only way completely diagnose dyslexia is through a full evaluation. There’s no treatment available for dyslexia today. However early diagnosis and support will help children with dyslexia to lead a successful life.
Most treatment involves psychological analysis and support at both home and school.
Psychological Evaluation: A psychologist will evaluate your child and might suggest medicines to improve their sense of touch, vision, and hearing. The doctor may even counsel the child to improve their alertness.
Home and School Support: Parents and teachers will have to learn methods to take care of children with dyslexia. Only a certified counselor or trainer will be the right person to help you learn methods to deal with your dyslexic child. Dyslexia in Children can be thwarted using necessary intervention methods and compassion.
No matter how hard they try, children with dyslexia are always behind their siblings or other students and this can be quite frustrating. They often feel that they are not as smart as others around them. They will always blame others for their failures.
Dyslexia in children shouldn’t be a barrier in their academic and professional life. There have been instances of dyslexic children becoming doctors, sportspersons, legal professionals, engineers, and even entrepreneurs.
All that a dyslexic student needs are compassion, empathy, and support.