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Daily, we use various things, such as water bottles, books, balls, etc. Each item has a distinct shape. In this universe, there is almost everything has a shape. Even liquid takes shape when kept in a container. There are many kinds of shapes names in maths that kids must learn from an early age. In this article, we are going to discuss the primary shape names we use in everyday life.
Why is Teaching Shapes So Important?
Shapes are all around us. If you take a quick scan around the room you’re currently sitting in; you can identify many shapes within a fraction of a second.
Shapes help children to identify and organise visual information. This concept also allows them to recognise numbers and letters by their shape and understand other signs and symbols. Basic shapes like triangles, circles, and squares are apparently different from each other. This helps kids to differentiate between the same and the different.
Names of Shapes with Pictures
Let us explore some shape names and pictures of the same.
As we can see in this picture, there are basic shapes we see in our daily life. Let’s explore a little understanding of these shapes and names.
A square has all four sides, and all angles are equal. It is called a quadrilateral.
A rectangle has two pairs of opposite sides equal in length and it is called a quadrilateral.
A circle is a closed two-dimensional figure in which the set of all the points in the plane is equidistant from a given point called the “Centre”.
An oval shape is a 2-D shape that looks like the outline of an egg with no straight lines and vertices. It has a curved figure that has one flat face.
A triangle is made of three sides and consists of three edges and three vertices. It is called a polygon.
A pentagon is a five-sided polygon with five straight sides and five interior angles that sum up to 540°.
A hexagon is a closed two-dimensional polygon with six sides. It has six vertices and six angles.
An octagon is a polygon with eight sides and eight angles. It has a total of 20 diagonals in it.
A cube is a solid shape with six square faces, and each square face has the same side length, so all the faces have the same size. It has 12 edges and 8 vertices.
A sphere is symmetrical and round in shape and has a three-dimensional solid that has all its surface points at equal distances from the centre. Based on the radius, it has a surface area and volume. A sphere does not have any faces, corners, or edges.
A cylinder is a three-dimensional shape that consists of two parallel circular bases joined by a curved surface. The circular bases’ centres overlap to form a right cylinder.
A cone is defined as a distinctive three-dimensional geometric figure with a flat and curved surface pointed towards the top.
13. Rectangular Prism
A rectangular prism has six faces, and all the faces are in the shape of a rectangle, which has twelve edges.
A pyramid is a polyhedron whose base is a polygon, and all its lateral faces are triangles.
How to Teach Shape and Their Names to Kids with the Help of Games and Activities?
1. Sort Items by Shape
Collect a few available items around you and ask your kid to arrange them. This activity helps kids realize that the world around them is full of circles, squares, and triangles.
2. Hop Along a Shape Picture
Use chalk to draw a maze shape on the floor. Say any shape’s name and ask the kid to jump on the same shape. Call out a different shape name for every jump.
3. Make Shapes with LEGO Bricks
This activity may help your kid to enhance logical thinking.
4. Cut the Paper into Shapes
This activity will also help encourage your kid’s creativity level.
5. Go on a Shape Hunt
Ask your child to collect things which have a triangle shape or a circle shape. It might make your kid active and open to taking challenges.
When kids learn the names of different shapes, they start recognizing things with basic visualization. It helps them to improve their sense of creativity and cognitive skills. Parents can quickly help their child learn all shape names in daily life.