55+ Names of Shapes with Pictures
- Updated on 13 Mar 2023
- Prakriti Dhodare
- 6 mins read
Table of Contents
We use various things in our day-to-day lives, such as water bottles, books, balls, etc. Each item has a distinct shape. In this universe, almost everything has a shape. Even liquid takes shape when kept in a container. There are many kinds of shapes in maths that kids must learn from an early age. In this article, we are going to discuss the primary shape names that are used in everyday life.
Why is Teaching Shapes So Important?
Shapes are all around us. If you take a quick scan around the room you’re currently sitting in, you can identify many shapes within a fraction of a second.
Shapes help children identify and organise visual information. This concept also allows them to recognise numbers and letters by their shape and understand other signs and symbols. Basic shapes like triangles, circles, and squares are apparently different from each other. This helps kids differentiate between the same and the different.
List of Shape Names with Pictures
Let’s take a look at some shape names and their images.
As we can see in this picture, there are some basic shapes we see in our daily lives. Let’s explore a little more about these shapes and names.
A square has all four sides, and all angles are equal. It is called a quadrilateral.
A rectangle has two pairs of opposite sides equal in length and it is called a quadrilateral.
A circle is a closed two-dimensional figure in which the set of all the points in the plane is equidistant from a given point called the “Centre”.
An oval shape is a 2-D shape that looks like the outline of an egg with no straight lines and vertices. It has a curved figure that has one flat face.
A triangle is made of three sides and consists of three edges and three vertices. It is called a polygon.
A pentagon is a five-sided polygon with five straight sides and five interior angles that sum up to 540°.
A hexagon is a closed two-dimensional polygon with six sides. It has six vertices and six angles.
An octagon is a polygon with eight sides and eight angles. It has a total of 20 diagonals in it.
A cube is a solid shape with six square faces, and each square face has the same side length, so all the faces have the same size. It has 12 edges and 8 vertices.
A sphere is symmetrical and round in shape and has a three-dimensional solid that has all its surface points at equal distances from the centre. Based on the radius, it has a surface area and volume. A sphere does not have any faces, corners, or edges.
A cylinder is a three-dimensional shape that consists of two parallel circular bases joined by a curved surface. The circular bases’ centres overlap to form a right cylinder.
A cone is defined as a distinctive three-dimensional geometric figure with a flat and curved surface pointed towards the top.
13. Rectangular Prism
A rectangular prism has six faces, and all the faces are in the shape of a rectangle, which has twelve edges.
A pyramid is a polyhedron whose base is a polygon, and all its lateral faces are triangles.
2D Shape Names With Pictures
A line with an arrow mark at the end is what makes up an arrow. It is employed to indicate where something is or to provide instructions.
A circle is made up of several points, each of whose locus is precisely at a given distance from the centre. The circumference of a circle, which is the length of its outermost surface, has an angle of 360 degrees.
The shape of a crescent is curved with two thin, pointed ends. The crescent’s form resembles a crescent moon, which is smaller than a half.
Two lines intersect at their midpoints to make a 90 degree angle, giving the appearance of a cross.
A polygon with ten equal sides and ten equal angles of 144 degrees each is called a decagon.
The heart is a structure that resembles a heart-shaped construction.
A polygon with seven equal sides and equal-sized angles is called a heptagon.
A hexagon is a polygon with six equal sides and 120 degree angles at each of its vertices.
A kite is a quadrilateral shape that has two equal angles and neighbouring sides that are of equal length.
A polygon with nine equal sides and nine 140-degree angles is known as a nonagon.
Eight equal sides make up the octagon, a polygon whose eight angles each measure 135 degrees.
A curve that resembles a plane that looks like an egg or a compressed circle is known as an oval.
A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with opposing sides and angles that are equal in length (but not at 90 degrees).
A pentagon is a polygon with five equal sides and vertices that are each inclined at an angle of 108 degrees.
A quadrilateral is a four-sided polygon with no sides or corners that are the same length or have the same angle.
With equal opposite sides and 90° angles at each of its vertices, a rectangle is a quadrilateral.
The main distinction between a rhombus and a square is that the opposite angles are equal but not exactly 90 degrees.
31. Right Triangle
The right triangle, also known as a right-angled triangle, has one angle that measures 90 degrees and two additional angles that add up to 90 degrees.
A ring is a circumferential band with a long stripe on it that is used for retaining connections and other things.
A half-circle with an angle of 180 degrees is referred to as a semicircle.
A quadrilateral with four equal and 90-degree angles on each side is called a square.
An arrangement of polygons that creates an equiangular, equilateral star-like shape is known as a simple star polygon.
A trapezium is a quadrilateral that has two lateral sides and two parallel sides.
A trapezoid is a polygon with four sides but no opposing pairs of parallel sides.
A triangle is a closed shape with three sides and three angles that are less than 90 degrees.
3D Shape Names With Picture
A cone is a three-dimensional structure with a circular base, a curving top surface, and a point where the two surfaces meet.
A cube is a solid, three-dimensional shape that resembles a square and has six faces, twelve edges, and eight vertices.
A cuboidal shape is a solid, rectangular shape that is three-dimensional and has six rectangular faces, 12 edges, and eight corners.
A cylinder is a solid shape with three dimensions and two parallel circular bases that are attached perpendicular to the surface of the cylinder. The cylindrical axis is located in the centre of the circular base.
A diamond is the hardest mineral that is colourless, brightest, and has a crystal structure. It is a solid-crystalline carbon compound.
The hemisphere is the celestial sphere’s lower half that is divided by the horizon.
44. Hexagonal pyramid
A hexagonal pyramid has six triangles that are isosceles triangles joined at the top. Its shape is like a pyramid with a hexagonal base.
A polyhedron called an octahedron has a shape that resembles two pyramids connected at the base. It contains eight triangular faces, six vertices, and twelve edges.
46. Pentagonal prism
A solid pentagonal structure called a pentagonal prism has two pentagons inside of it, each of whose vertices is perpendicularly linked to the other by edges and has six rectangular faces and two pentagonal faces.
A prism is a solid, three-dimensional shape with parallel sides that are polygonal and lateral faces that resemble rectangles. The parallel faces inspired its name.
A pyramid is a three-dimensional construction with a square ground plan, outer faces that resemble triangles, and faces that meet at the tip at a single point.
49. Rectangular prism
A rectangular prism has the same six rectangular faces as a cuboid, and all of its opposing sides have the same six vertices and twelve edges.
A sphere is a solid three-dimensional celestial figure with a closed, round surface that doesn’t have any angles.
51. Square Pyramid
A square pyramid is any pyramid that has a square base. This pyramid is sometimes referred to as being equilateral if all of its edges are equal.
A tetrahedron looks like a triangular pyramid, but it doesn’t have any faces, sides, or edges that are parallel to each other. The separation between each vertex is the same for all of them.
53. Triangular Prism
In a triangular prism, there are two equilateral triangles that are joined by three sides and have parallel edges. It features two comparable triangular faces and three rectangular faces.
How to Teach Shape and Their Names to Kids with the Help of Games and Activities?
1. Sort Items by Shape
Collect a few available items around you and ask your child to arrange them. This activity helps kids realise that the world around them is full of circles, squares, and triangles.
2. Hop Along a Shape Picture
Use chalk to draw a maze shape on the floor. Say any shape’s name and ask the kid to jump on the same shape. Call out a different shape name for every jump.
3. Make Shapes with LEGO Bricks
This activity may help your child enhance logical thinking.
4. Cut the Paper into Shapes
This activity will also help encourage your child’s creativity.
5. Go on a Shape Hunt
Ask your child to collect things that have a triangle shape or a circle shape. It might make your kid active and open to taking on challenges.
When kids learn the names of different shapes, they start recognizing things with basic visualisation. It helps them improve their sense of creativity and cognitive skills. Parents can quickly help their children learn all the shapes they encounter in daily life.