Key Development Milestones For Kids - Orchids The International school

Key Child Development Milestones: Ages 1 to 5

Key Child Development Milestones: Ages 1 to 5

“I think my child has a speech issue,” a new mother confided in me last year. Parenting a child can be particularly taxing and overwhelming, especially if it’s your first kid. As new parents, we are often unaware of what behavior a kid shows at what age aka Development Milestones. She was thinking of taking her kid to a child behavior specialist. On me asking how old her child was, she revealed that he was only 8 months old. She was surprised when I told her that most kids start speaking only after they are a year old.

If we aren’t familiar with development milestones, we might assume or miss any signs of developmental issues our kid might be suffering from. My friend is probably not the only one who is confused regarding these milestones.

If you are new to parenting, below are the key developmental milestones from age 0 months to 3 years olds that you can refer to.

Development Milestones guide

Development Milestones for age 0 months to 3 months 

The first few months of having a baby can be one of the most challenging periods for new parents. Since these infants have barely developed any cognitive skills, the only way for them to express inconvenience is through cries. So, expect a lot of screams and tears.  

Emotional and communication milestones 

Babies aged one week to 12 weeks old show only a little emotional development. They are able to hold eye contact and recognize familiar faces. They can recognize sudden noises (be careful not to spook them) or respond to familiar voices by looking towards the source. Towards the end of the three months, a child will often make high-pitched noises or babble away on his own.  

Motor development 

You must have seen it in advertisements and movies how a child tries to hold a parent’s finger with a loose grip. A month-old child can clasp his fingers to grip clothes and toys loosely. They can also move their heads from side to side. 

Development Milestones for age 4 to 12 months

Development Milestones for age 4 to 12 months

Emotional and communication milestones  

From the age of 4 to 12 months, babies develop rapidly and respond to various stimulations. A 5-month-old baby can recognize parents and will cry if you are not around them. A 5-month-old baby will try to respond to voices calling his name out. Your baby will also be able to recognize words when he is around 11 -12 months old. You can start teaching him what the names of various objects are and asking him to identify them by pointing. 

Motor development 

Their grip will be much stronger now, and they will be able to swing and move toys. In between 4-5 months, your kid will be able to pick objects or roll back on the stomach. After 6-7 months of age, a baby can sit with the support of cushions and also try crawling by dragging his torso. The best thing? They can now wave you hi and goodbye every morning! 

Development Milestones for age 1 to 2 year olds 

Emotional and communication milestones 

By the age of 1 year, a kid starts transitioning from an infant to a toddler. They finally know people close to them and can be shy and clingy when meeting new people. Don’t be surprised if your baby turns his head away from seeing a new person! They might also cry when you put away their toys or refuse to play with them. Speech development can be subjective from one kid to another. However, most kids start uttering broken sounds imitating words spoken to them when they are over a year old. You might be surprised when they suddenly call out Mom or Dad!  

Motor development 

By 12 months, a baby can properly sit without the help of cushions and crawl when they want to. During this period, kids are prone to try to stand up, so keep an eye out for them. They also learn to use force and throw away things they don’t like. 

Development Milestones for age 2 to 3-year-olds

Development Milestones for age 2 to 3-year-olds

Emotional and communication milestones 

Your baby will be able to say words aloud when they are 2 -3 years old. While some kids use only words, other kids can form broken sentences consisting of 3-4 words. A 3 year old toddler openly repeats behaviour shown to him, including affection. Did you know there is a psychological behaviour where toddlers react depending on the faces of their parents? If you fuss when they fall down, they are more likely to cry than if you pretend nothing happened. A 3 year old baby can also speak in complete sentences and recite their name and age when prompted.  

Motor development 

Motor development is maximum when a kid is 2-3 years. Not only do they learn how to walk by this time, but they will also learn how to run. Toddlers also learn how to write, paint, and play with building blocks by the age of 3. 

A child is a blank slate, and thus their behaviour reflects the parenting they are exposed to. Tracking development milestones not only gives you a glimpse of how quickly your child is growing but also serves as an indicator of any developmental or learning disabilities. For more parenting guides, you can visit our website. 

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