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CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus

As students will be attempting their first board examinations in Class 10, it is one of the most challenging years of a student's life. The CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science for the academic year 2022-2023 has been prepared following the Board's standards. The exams will likewise be divided into two parts based on the syllabus for each term. The Social Science curriculum draws its content mainly from History, Geography, Political Science and Economics. Some elements of Sociology and Commerce are also included. Together they provide a comprehensive view of society over space and time, and in relation to each other.

Let’s have a look at the latest CBSE class 10 Social Science syllabus which can also be downloaded in pdf form.

Course Structure




No. of Periods



India and The Contemporary World- II




Contemporary India- II




Democratic Politics- II













No. of Periods



India and The Contemporary World- II




Contemporary India- II




Democratic Politics- II










Course Content


Unit-I: India and The Contemporary World II


Learning Objectives

Section 1: Events and Processes

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe 

• The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation 

• The Making of Nationalism in Europe 

• The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848 

• The Making of Germany and Italy 

• Visualizing the Nation 

• Nationalism and Imperialism

• Enable the learners to identify and comprehend the forms in which nationalism developed along with the formation of nation states in Europe in the post-1830 period. 

• Establish the relationship and bring out the difference between European nationalism and anti-colonial nationalisms. 

• Understand the way the idea of nationalism emerged and led to the formation of nation states in Europe and elsewhere.

Unit 2: Contemporary India- II


Learning Objectives

  1. Resources and Development 

• Types of Resources 

• Development of Resources 

• Resource Planning in India 

• Land Resources 

• Land Utilization 

• Land Use Pattern in India 

• Land Degradation and Conservation Measures 

• Soil as a Resource 

• Classification of Soils 

• Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation

  1. Water Resources 

• Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management 

• Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management 

• Rainwater Harvesting 

(Note: The theoretical aspect of chapter ‘Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination. However, the map items of this chapter as listed will be evaluated in Board Examination.)

  1. Agriculture 

• Types of farming 

• Cropping Pattern 

• Major Crops 

• Technological and Institutional Reforms 

• Impact of Globalization on Agriculture

• Understand the value of resources and the need for their judicious utilization and conservation.

• Comprehend the importance of water as a resource as well as develop awareness towards its judicious use and conservation. 

• Identify different Dams in the country.

• Explain the importance of agriculture in national economy. 

• Identify various types of farming and discuss the various farming methods; describe the spatial distribution of major crops as well as understand the relationship between rainfall regimes and cropping pattern. 

• Explain various government policies for institutional as well as technological reforms since independence.

Unit 3: Democratic Politics- II


Learning Objectives

  1. Power Sharing 

• Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka 

• Why power sharing is desirable? 

• Forms of Power Sharing 

  1. Federalism 

• What is Federalism? 

• What make India a Federal Country? 

• How is Federalism practiced? 

• Decentralization in India

• Familiarize with the centrality of power sharing in a democracy. 

• Understand the working of spatial and social power sharing mechanisms. 

• Analyse federal provisions and institutions. 

• Explain decentralization in rural and urban areas.

Unit 4: Economics


Learning Objectives

  1. Development 

• What Development Promises - Different people different goals 

• Income and other goals 

• National Development 

• How to compare different countries or states? 

• Income and other criteria 

• Public Facilities 

• Sustainability of development

  1. Sectors of the Indian Economy 

• Sectors of Economic Activities 

• Comparing the three sectors 

• Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India • Division of sectors as organized and unorganized 

• Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors

• Familiarize with concepts of macroeconomics. 

• Understand the rationale for overall human development in our country, which includes the rise of income, improvements in health and education rather than income. 

• Understand the importance of quality of life and sustainable development. 

• Identify major employment generating sectors. • Reason out the government investment in different sectors of economy.


Unit-1: India and the Contemporary World- II


Learning Objectives

Section 1: Events and Processes 

  1. Nationalism in India 

• The First World War, Khilafat and Non - Cooperation 

• Differing Strands within the Movement • Towards Civil Disobedience 

• The Sense of Collective Belonging

Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies
Any one theme of the following. The theme selected should be assessed in the periodic test only and will not be evaluated in the board examination: 

  1. The Making of a Global World 

  • The Pre-modern world 

  • The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914) 

  • The Inter War Economy 

  • Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era

3.The Age of Industrialization 

  • Before the Industrial Revolution 

  • Hand Labour and Steam Power 

  • Industrialization in the colonies 

  • Factories Come Up 

  • The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth 

  • Market for Goods

• Recognize the characteristics of Indian nationalism through a case study of Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement. 

• Analyze the nature of the diverse social movements of the time. 

• Familiarize with the writings and ideals of different political groups and individuals. 

• Appreciate the ideas promoting Pan Indian belongingness.

• Show that globalization has a long history and point to the shifts within the process. 

• Analyze the implication of globalization for local economies. 

• Discuss how globalization is experienced differently by different social groups.

• Familiarize with the Pro- to-Industrial phase and Early – factory system. 

• Familiarize with the process of industrialization and its impact on labour class. 

• Enable them to understand industrialization in the colonies with reference to Textile industries.

Unit 2: Contemporary India - II


Learning Objectives

4.Minerals and Energy Resources 

  • What is a mineral? 

  • Mode of occurrence of Minerals 

  • Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Minerals 

  • Non-Metallic Minerals 

  • Rock Minerals 

  • Conservation of Minerals 

  • Energy Resources 

       o Conventional and Non-Conventional 

  • Conservation of Energy Resources 

(Note: The theoretical aspect of chapter ‘Minerals and Energy Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination. However, the map items of this chapter as given in the Map List will be evaluated in Board Examination)

5.Manufacturing Industries 

• Importance of manufacturing 

• Contribution of Industry to National Economy 

• Industrial Location 

• Classification of Industries 

• Spatial distribution 

• Industrial pollution and environmental degradation 

• Control of Environmental Degradation

6. Life Lines of National Economy 

• Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways 

• Communication 

• International Trade 

• Tourism as a Trade

• Identify different types of minerals and energy resources and places of their availability 

• Feel the need for their judicious utilization

• Bring out the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities which resulted due to concentration of industries in some areas. 

• Discuss the need for a planned industrial development and debate over the role of government towards sustainable development.

• Explain the importance of transport and communication in the ever-shrinking world. 

• Understand the role of trade and tourism in the economic development of a country.

Unit 3: Democratic Politics - II 


Learning Objectives

6. Political Parties

  • Why do we need Political Parties? 

  • How many Parties should we have? 

  • National Political Parties 

  • State Parties 

  • Challenges to Political Parties 

  • How can Parties be reformed?

7. Outcomes of Democracy 

  • How do we assess democracy’s outcomes? 

  • Accountable, responsive and legitimate government 

  • Economic growth and development 

  • Reduction of inequality and poverty 

  • Accommodation of social diversity 

  • Dignity and freedom of the citizens

• Analyze party systems in democracies.

• Introduction to major political parties, challenges faced by them and reforms in the country.

• Evaluate the functioning of democracies in comparison to alternative forms of governments. • Understand the causes for continuation of democracy in India. 

• Distinguish between sources of strengths and weaknesses of Indian democracy.

Unit 4: Economics


Learning Objectives

3.Money and Credit 

  • Money as a medium of exchange 

  • Modern forms of money 

  • Loan activities of Banks 

  • Two different credit situations 

  • Terms of credit 

  • Formal sector credit in India 

 • Self Help Groups for the Poor

4.Globalization and the Indian Economy

  • Production across countries 

  • Interlinking production across countries 

  • Foreign Trade and integration of markets 

  • What is globalization? 

  • Factors that have enabled Globalization 

  • World Trade Organization 

  • Impact of Globalization on India 

  • The Struggle for a fair Globalization

• Understand money as an economic concept. 

 • Understand the role of financial institutions from the point of view of day to- day life.

• Explain the working of the Global Economic phenomenon.

So, now you must have got a clear understanding of the CBSE Social Science Syllabus for Class 10. We hope that you find this detailed information on Social Science Syllabus useful for your studies and preparation of your class 10 exams.