Biology Syllabus Class 11 CBSE 2022-23 | Orchids
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CBSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus

Knowing the CBSE Biology syllabus for class 11 is an important aspect of test preparation. Students will not benefit by haphazardly studying. They must concentrate on their study and cover all of the topics in the CBSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus. It will detail the course structure, mark distribution for each topic and subtopic, and the amount of time required to complete each topic. The Biology question paper is written in accordance with the curriculum. Before making a study plan, students should look over the CBSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus.

Term Wise CBSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus 2022-23 

Term Wise CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Biology with Marking Scheme 2022-23

Evaluation Scheme



Term I



Diversity of Living Organisms: Chapter – 1, 2, 3 and 4



Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals: Chapter – 5 and 7



Cell: Structure and Function: Chapter – 8 and 9



Term II



Cell: Structure and Function: Chapter – 10



Plant Physiology: Chapter – 13, 14 and 15



Human Physiology: Chapter – 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22


Total Theory (Term – I and Term – II)


Practicals Term – I


Practicals Term – II




Term – I

Unit-I Diversity of Living Organisms

Chapter-1: The Living World

What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; three domains of life; concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; binomial nomenclature.

Chapter-2: Biological Classification

Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.

Chapter-3: Plant Kingdom

Salient features and classification of plants into major groups - Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. (Salient and distinguishing features and a few examples of each category).

Chapter-4: Animal Kingdom

Salient features and classification of animals, non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (salient features and distinguishing features of a few examples of each category). (No live animals or specimen should be displayed.)

Unit-II Structural Organization in Animals and Plants Chapter-5: Morphology of Flowering Plants

Morphology of inflorescence and flower, Description of 01 family: Solanaceae or Liliaceae (to be dealt along with the relevant experiments of the Practical Syllabus).

Chapter-7: Structural Organization in Animals

Animal tissues.

Unit-III Cell: Structure and Function

Chapter-8: Cell-The Unit of Life

Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life, structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles - structure and function; endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles, mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus.

Chapter-9: Biomolecules

Chemical constituents of living cells: biomolecules, structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes- types, properties, enzyme action.

Term – II

Unit-III Cell: Structure and Function

Chapter-10: Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance

Unit-IV Plant Physiology

Chapter-13: Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis.

Chapter-14: Respiration in Plants

Exchange of gases; cellular respiration - glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations - number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.

Chapter-15: Plant - Growth and Development

Growth regulators - auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA.

Unit-V Human Physiology

Chapter-17: Breathing and Exchange of Gases

Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans - exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volume; disorders related to respiration - asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders.

Chapter-18: Body Fluids and Circulation

Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system - Structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of circulatory system - hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.

Chapter-19: Excretory Products and their Elimination

Modes of excretion - ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system – structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function - renin - angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders - uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney, kidney transplant.

Chapter-20: Locomotion and Movement

Skeletal muscle, contractile proteins and muscle contraction.

Chapter-21: Neural Control and Coordination

Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans - central nervous system; peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse.

Chapter-22: Chemical Coordination and Integration

Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system - hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea); role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo - and hyperactivity and related disorders; dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison's disease.

Note: Diseases related to all the human physiological systems to be taught in brief.

Term Wise CBSE Class 11 Biology Practical Syllabus

Evaluation Scheme

Term I

Term II


One Major Experiment Part A

Experiment No. – 1

Experiment No. – 3,4


One Minor Experiment Part A

Experiment No. – 2

Experiment No. – 5, 6, 7


Spotting Part B (3 Spots of 1 mark each)

B. 1, 2, 3

B. 4, 5


Practical Record + Investigatory Project& Record + Viva Voce




CBSE Class 11 Biology Practical

Practicals should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.

A: List of Experiments


  1. Study and describe a locally available common flowering plant, from any one family: Solanaceae or Liliaceae (Poaceae, Asteraceae or Brassicaceae can be substituted in case of particular geographical location) including dissection and display of floral whorls, anther and ovary to show number of chambers (floral formulae and floral diagrams).

  2. Study of osmosis by Potato osmometer.


  1. Separation of plant pigments through paper chromatography.

  2. Study of distribution of stomata in the upper and lower surfaces of leaves.

  3. Study of the rate of respiration in flower buds/leaf tissue and germinating seeds.

  4. Test for presence of sugar in urine.

  5. Test for presence of albumin in urine.

Study/Observation of the following (spotting):


  1. Parts of a compound microscope.

  2. Specimens/slides/models and identification with reasons - Bacteria, Oscillatoria, Spirogyra, Rhizopus, mushroom, yeast, liverwort, moss, fern, pine, one monocotyledonous plant, one dicotyledonous plant and one lichen.

  3. Virtual specimens/slides/models and identifying features of - Amoeba, Hydra,liverfluke, Ascaris, leech, earthworm, prawn, silkworm, honeybee, snail, starfish, shark, rohu, frog, lizard, pigeon and rabbit.


  1. Tissues and diversity in shape and size of animal cells (squamous epithelium, smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle fibers and mammalian blood smear) through temporary/permanent slides.

  2. Mitosis in onion root tip cells and animal cells (grasshopper) from permanent slides.

Practical Examination for Visually Impaired Students Class XI

Note: The ‘Evaluation schemes’ and ‘General Guidelines’ for visually impaired students as given for Class XII may be followed.

Practicals should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.

  1. Items for Identification/Familiarity with the apparatus /equipments/animal and plant material / chemicals etc. for assessment in practicals (All experiments)


  • Plants of Solanaceae - Brinjal, Petunia, any other or Liliaceae- Any of the Lilies.

  • Compund microscope, Test tube, Petridish, Beaker, Scalpel


  • Mushroom, Succulents such as Aloe vera/Kalanchoe, Raisins, Potatoes.

  • Honey comb, Mollusc shell, Model of cockroach, Pigeon and Star fish.

  • Chromatography paper, Chromatography chamber, Alcohol.

List of Practicals


  1. Study one locally available common flowering plants of the family – Solanaceae or Liliaceae and identify inflorescence/flower.

  2. Study the parts of a compound microscope- eye piece and objective lens, mirror, stage, coarse and fine adjustment knobs.


  1. Identify the given specimen of a fungus – Mushroom, gymnosperm- pine cone

  2. Study honey-bee/butterfly, snail shell, Starfish, Pigeon (through models).

Note: The above practicals may be carried out in an experiential manner rather than recording observations.

Prescribed Books:

  1. Biology Class-XI, Published by NCERT

  2. Other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (including multimedia)

The present curriculum provides the students with updated concepts along with an extended exposure to contemporary areas of the subject. The curriculum also aims at emphasizing the underlying principles that are common to animals, plants and microorganisms as well as highlighting the relationship of Biology with other areas of knowledge. The format of the curriculum allows a simple, clear, sequential flow of concepts. It relates the study of biology to real life through the use of technology. It links the discoveries and innovations in biology to everyday life such as environment, industry, health and agriculture. The updated curriculum focuses on understanding and application of scientific principles, while ensuring that ample opportunities and scope for learning and appreciating basic concepts continue to be available within its framework. 

The curriculum is expected to: 

∙ Promote understanding of basic principles of Biology 

∙ Encourage learning of emerging knowledge and its relevance to individual and society 

∙ Promote rational/scientific attitude towards issues related to population, environment and development 

∙ Enhance awareness about environmental issues, problems and their appropriate solutions 

∙ Create awareness amongst the learners about diversity in the living organisms and developing respect for other living beings 

∙ Appreciate that the most complex biological phenomena are built on essentially simple processes 

It is expected that the students would get an exposure to various branches of Biology in the curriculum in a more contextual and systematic manner as they study its various units.