CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus 2022-23 | Orchids
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CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus

Progressing onto this stage Science has expanded its horizon to become one of the core subjects for the students. The topics explore the various aspects of science in-depth to familiarize students with the three branches of science this year forth. The units put a limelight on the precursors of the next academic year’s curriculum. Syllabus The curriculum for the academic year 2022-2023 as per the NCERT guidelines is divided into 2 terms, 3 units each. Each Unit has a certain amount of chapters according to the relatability of the topics.

General Instructions:

  1. The total Theory Examinations (Term I+II) will be 80 marks and 20 marks weightage shall be for Internal Assessment (Term I+II).
  2. Internal Assessment - Maximum Marks 10 for each Term:
  3. There will be a Periodic Assessment that would include:
  4. Three periodic tests will be conducted by the school in the entire session. The average of the two periodic tests/marks of best periodic Tests conducted in the Term is to be taken into consideration.
  5. Diverse methods of assessment as per the need of the class dynamics and curriculum transaction. These may include - short tests, oral test, quiz, concept maps, projects, posters, presentations, inquiry-based scientific investigations, etc.
  6. Subject Enrichment in the form of Practical/Laboratory work should be done throughout the year and the student should maintain a record of the same. Practical Assessment should be continuous. All practicals listed in the syllabus must be completed.
  7. Portfolio to be prepared by the student- This would include classwork and another sample of student work.
Term- I
Unit Marks
I Matter-Its Nature and Behaviour: Chapter - 2 9
II Organization in the Living World: Chapter - 5 and 6 18
III Motion, Force and Work: Chapter - 8 and 9 13
Units Term - II
I Matter-Its Nature and Behaviour: Chapter 3 and 4 18
II Organization in the Living World: Chapter -13 8
III Motion, Force and Work: 10 and 11 14
Total Theory (Term I+II) 80
Internal Assessment: Term I 10
Internal Assessment: Term II 10
Grand Total 100
  1. Theme: Materials

    Unit I: Matter- It’s Nature and Behaviour

    Chapter – 2 Is matter around us Pure? Nature of matter: Elements, compounds, and mixtures. Heterogeneous and homogenous mixtures, colloids, and suspensions.
  2. Theme: The World of the Living

    Unit II: Organization in the Living World

    Chapter – 5 - The Fundamental Unit of Life Cell - Basic Unit of life: Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles and cell inclusions; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes - basic structure, number. Chapter – 6 Tissues Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism: Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (only four types of tissues in animals; Meristematic and Permanent tissues in plants).
  3. Theme: Moving Things, People, and Ideas

    Unit III: Motion, Force, and Work

    Chapter – 8 - Motion Motion: Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distance-time and velocity-time graphs for uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion, derivation of equations of motion by graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion. Chapter – 9 - Force and Laws of Motion Force and Newton’s laws: Force and Motion, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Action and Reaction forces, Inertia of a body, Inertia, and mass, Momentum, Force and Acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of Momentum.


  1. Theme: Materials

    Unit I: Matter- It’s Nature and Behaviour

    Chapter – 3 - Atoms and Molecules Particle nature and their basic units: Atoms and molecules, Law of constant proportions, Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers. Chapter – 4 Structure of Atom Structure of atoms: Electrons, protons, neutrons, valency, the chemical formula of common compounds. Isotopes and Isobars.
  2. Theme: Moving Things, People, and Ideas

    Unit III: Motion, Force, and Work

    Chapter – 10 - Gravitation Gravitation: Gravitation; Universal Law of Gravitation, Force of Gravitation of the earth (gravity), Acceleration due to Gravity; Mass and Weight; Freefall. Chapter – 11 - Work and Energy Work, energy and power: Work done by a Force, Energy, power; Kinetic and Potential energy; Law of conservation of energy.
  3. Theme: The World of the Living

    Unit II: Organization in the Living World

    Chapter – 13 Why do we fall ill Health and Diseases: Health and its failure. Infectious and Non-infectious diseases, their causes and manifestation.Diseases caused by microbes (Virus, Bacteria, and Protozoans) and their prevention; Principles of treatment and prevention. Pulse Polio programmes.


Note: Learners are assigned to read the below-listed part of Unit IV. They can be encouraged to prepare a brief write-up on any one concept of this Unit in their Portfolio. This may be an assessment for Internal Assessment and credit may be given (Periodic assessment/Portfolio). This portion of the Unit is not to be assessed in the year-end examination.
    1. Theme: Natural Resources: Balance in nature Unit IV: Our Environment
Chapter -14 - Natural Resources Physical resources: Air, Water, Soil. Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures; movements of air and its role in bringing rains across India.Air, water and soil pollution (brief introduction).Holes in the ozone layer and the probable damages. Bio-geo chemical cycles in nature: Water, Oxygen, Carbon and Nitrogen.


Practicals should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.


  1. Preparation of:
    • a true solution of common salt,sugar and alum
    • a suspension of soil, chalk powder and fine sand in water
    • a colloidal solution of starch in water and egg albumin/milk in water and distinguish between these on the basis of
      1. transparency
      2. filtration criterion
      3. stability Unit-I: (Chapter -2)
  2. Preparation of
    1. A mixture
    2. A compound using iron filings and sulphur powder and distinguishing between these on the basis of:
      • appearance, i.e., homogeneity and heterogeneity
      • behaviour towards a magnet
      • behaviour towards carbon disulphide as a solvent
      • effect of heat Unit-I:(Chapter-2)
    3. Perform the following reactions and classify them as physical or chemical changes
      • Iron with copper sulphate solution in water
      • Burning of magnesium ribbon in air
      • Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid
      • Heating of copper sulphate crystals
      • Sodium sulphate with barium chloride in the form of their solutions in water. Unit-I:(Chapter-2)
    4. Preparation of stained temporary mounts of (a) onion peel, (b) human cheek cells & to record observations and draw their labeled diagrams.- Unit-II:(Chapter-5)
    5. Identification of Parenchyma, Collenchyma, and Sclerenchyma tissues in plants, striped, smooth, and cardiac muscle fibers and nerve cells in animals, from prepared slides. Draw their labeled diagrams. Unit-II:(Chapter-6)


  1. Determination of the density of solid (denser than water) by using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder. Unit-III:(Chapter–10)
  2. Establishing the relation between the loss in weight of a solid when fully immersed in
    • Tap water
    • Strongly salty water with the weight of water displaced by it by taking at least two different solids. Unit-III:(Chapter–10)
  3. Verification of the law of conservation of mass in a chemical reaction. Unit-I:(Chapter–3)