NCERT Solution Class 4 EVS chapter Basva's Farm
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NCERT EVS Class 4 Chapter 14 – Basva’s Farm

Chapter 14 Basva’s Farm presents the basic concepts of farming and the steps involved in crop cultivation through Basva’s narration. Basva is a farmer residing in Belvanika village in Karnataka. The chapter also discusses the different implements required for agricultural practices.


The NCERT textbook (Looking Around) questions are answered in a simple and engaging manner. We also have related ‘Learning Concepts’, and interactive worksheets with solutions. Our ‘Learning Beyond’ segment caters to all the probable questions that the child might think out of curiosity.


Download Chapter 14 Basva’s Farm in the PDF format for free.


Question and Answers

Chapter 14: Basva’s Farm

Find out

Question 1: In Basva’s area an implement called Khunti is used to loosen the soil. What is this kind of implement called in your area? Draw it and discuss.

Answer : The implement we use to loosen soil is also called khunti in our area.

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Given above is the picture of a khunti. My father uses the same implement in our garden to loosen the soil before seeding the flowering plants.
[Students should mention their experience based on the above lines.]


Question 2: Find out from a farmer or some elders in your family, what kinds of crops are grown in your area.

Answer: The different crops grown in my area are rice, wheat, maize, mustard, and vegetables like potatoes, tomatoes, brinjals, onions, etc.
[Students should mention their experience based on the above lines.]


Sowing the Seeds

Question 1: What other ways could be used to plough the fields instead of animals. Discuss.

Answer: One way to plough the fields instead of animals is by using a tractor. They provide power for different farming activities.


Growing Plants

Question 4: Draw any crop which you have seen in the field.

Answer: I have seen the wheat crop being cultivated in the fields near my ancestral home.

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[Students should mention their experience based on the above lines.]


Do you know why?

Question 1: Basva helps his father in the field. Do you help the elders in your family in their work? What do you help with?

Answer: Yes, I help the elders in my family. I help my mother with cooking, and I also help my father with grocery shopping.
[Students should mention their experience based on the above lines.]


Question 2: Do you enjoy doing that work?

Answer: Yes, I enjoy doing that work because I learn many new things.
[Students should mention their experience based on the above lines.]


The Onion Crop

Write answers in your notebook

Question 1: Why is Basva not able to attend school for some days?

Answer: Basva has to help his father in the fields, which is why he cannot attend school for some days.


Question 2: Are there any fields near your house? What is grown there?

Answer: Yes, there is a field near my ancestral house where wheat is grown.

[Students should mention their experience based on the above lines.]


Question 3: Basva’s Appa takes the onions to the market in a truck. Think, how would fruits and vegetables be taken to another place, if there were no proper roads.

Answer: Carrying fruits and vegetables to another place would be difficult if there were no proper roads. Earlier, people used bullock-carts, push- carts, and donkeys to carry their crops from one place to another place.


Question 4: What kind of vehicles are used to carry fruits and vegetables? Draw a picture of one of these vehicles in your notebook.

Answer: Nowadays, trucks, tempos, vans, are used to carry fruits and vegetables. Given below is a drawing of a tempo.

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Find Out and Write

Question 11: Given here are pictures of some implements used by Basva’s family. Write the names of the implements. Also, write what these are called in your area? What work are they used for?

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Name (in this chapter) __________
Name in your area __________
Work __________

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Name (in this chapter) ____________
Name in your area___________
Work___________

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Name (in this chapter) ____________
Name in your area___________
Work___________

Answer:
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Name (in this chapter) Kurige
Name in your area Laangal
Work Ploughing
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Name (in this chapter) Khunti
Name in your area Khunti
Work Digging
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Name (in this chapter) Illige
Name in your area Boti
Work Cutting vegetables
[Students should mention their experience based on the above lines.]


Question 2: Many steps are needed to grow crops. Look at the pictures and mark them in the correct order.

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Answer:

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Question 3: Find out about a crop that is grown in your area. Also, find out the steps that are part of this work. Draw them in your notebook.

Answer: Wheat is a crop that is grown in my area.
The steps involved in the cultivation of wheat are given below—
(a) Preparation of soil: The soil must be properly prepared before the seeds are sowed.
(b) Seeding: Wheat seeds are readily available in the market. While purchasing the seeds, we have to make sure that it is of good quality, high yielding, and disease-free.
(c) Sowing the seeds: The wheat seeds have to be sown about 4 to 5 cm inside the soil.
(d) Harvesting: The process of harvesting starts when the leaves and stem turn yellow and become fairly dry.
Given below are some pictures related to the steps followed during wheat cultivation.

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Soil preparation
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Seeding process
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Harvesting

[Students should mention their experience based on the above lines.]


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