Cardinal Directions and Maps for Kids: North, South, East, and West - Orchids
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Cardinal Directions and Maps for Class 3 EVS

  • Knowing the correct directions is essential if you want to go somewhere.
  • Directions such as left-right and up-down help to know about your or others’ positions.
  • North, East, West, and South are the cardinal directions used to find the destination and someone’s position on the map.
  • A map is a drawing of any area with accurate measurements.
  • One can use printed maps, a magnetic compass, and satellite navigation to get the correct directions.
Map
Magnetic-compass

What Are the Four Cardinal Directions?

Question 1:

All Children Are Playing in Front of the Building. According to Kid-1, the School Building Is Behind Him, and According to Kid-2, the School Building Is in Front of Him. How Is It Possible?

Cardinal-Directions

Answer:

  • The direction of an object changes with respect to the position of a person.
  • Kids 1 and 2 must be standing opposite one another which changes the direction of the school for them.

Question 2:

Why Is India Situated Towards the East of Africa and the West of Thailand?

Map

Answer:

  • The north, south, east and west directions are related to your position on the Earth.
  • When one is facing north, the east is towards their right side and the west is towards their left side.
  • The position of India is such that Africa is on India’s left (west) side and Thailand is on India’s right (east) side.
  • So, with respect to Africa, India is in the east direction, and for Thailand, India is in the west.

Question 3:

How Are the Hands of a Clock Used to Show the Directions?

Answer:

The digits of the clock—12, 3, 6, and 9 are used to denote the directions as follows—

Hour hand positionClock timeCardinal directionNormal direction
On 1212 o clockNorthForward
On 33 o clockEastRight-hand side
On 66 o clockSouthBackwards
On 99 o clockWestLeft-hand side

Question 4:

What Is the Use of Lighthouse?

Answer:

  • In the olden days, a lighthouse on the coast guided the sailors to get the correct directions toward the nearby port.
  • A lighthouse also warned the sailors about the rocks in the coastal region.
  • In those days, the lighthouse was the only thing that helped to direct the ships in the coastal areas.
light-House

About Maps

Question 1:

Why Does the North Direction Always Lies on Top of the Map?

Answer:

  • European explorers drew the first-ever maps. European countries are situated in the northern hemisphere of the Earth.
  • For their convenience, they made maps pointing to the north on the top, as they mostly explored the northern hemisphere.
  • Later it was standardized and accepted worldwide.
World-Map

Question 2:

Why Is the Scale So Important for Map Reading?

Answer:

  • A map without a scale is a mere sketch of that area.
  • An appropriate scale tells you about the real distance between two locations on the map.
  • It also helps to measure the area of a particular place.
  • So, a map without the correct scale will not be useful.
Scale-of-the-Map

Question 3:

Satellite Images Are More Reliable Than Human Explorations for Map-Making. Why So?

Answer:

  • A satellite takes pictures of an area from space.
  • >These images are taken from the top, so they give the correct idea about the size of the buildings, directions of roads, and other things about an area.

Question 4:

How to Find Location by Latitude and Longitude?

Answer:

  • Latitudes and longitudes are imaginary horizontal and vertical lines that make a grid around the globe.
  • These intersect at a unique point which is not the same for any place.
  • Hence, the position of latitudes and longitudes can be used to specify the absolute location of a place on Earth’s surface.
Latitudes-and-longitudes

Question 5:

A Map Can Go Out of Date. Explain How.

Answer:

  • A map is a symbolic representation of an area at a particular time.
  • Old maps show the locations of the prominent features of that time.
  • These features may change in the future. For example, a river’s flow can change over a certain period. The political boundaries of a city, state, or country may change.
  • Therefore, a map can go out of date.

Navigation Tools

Question 1:

What Is a Magnetic Compass? How Does It Work?

Answer:

  • A magnetic compass is a device that is used to identify cardinal directions based on the deflections in the tiny magnetic needle.
  • The needle of a magnetic compass is a small needle that always points in the north direction.
  • When placed near a magnet, the needle of the magnet would change its direction due to the influence of the magnet and hence would not point in the correct direction.
bar-magnet-magnetic-compass

Question 2:

What Is the Use of an Air Traffic Control Tower in an Airport?

Answer:

  • The Air traffic control towers are equipped with a system called RADAR.
  • Like traffic police guiding the car traffic on the roads, this tower navigates the air traffic.
  • The arrival and departure of aeroplanes on the airstrip are monitored and instructions are given to the pilots whenever required. s
Air-traffic-control-tower
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