Cardinal Directions and Maps for Kids: North, South, East, and West - Orchids

# Cardinal Directions and Maps for Class 3 EVS

• Knowing the correct directions is essential if you want to go somewhere.
• Directions such as left-right and up-down help to know about your or othersâ€™ positions.
• North, East, West, and South are the cardinal directions used to find the destination and someoneâ€™s position on the map.
• A map is a drawing of any area with accurate measurements.
• One can use printed maps, a magnetic compass, and satellite navigation to get the correct directions.

## Question 1:

### All Children Are Playing in Front of the Building. According to Kid-1, the School Building Is Behind Him, and According to Kid-2, the School Building Is in Front of Him. How Is It Possible?

• The direction of an object changes with respect to the position of a person.
• Kids 1 and 2 must be standing opposite one another which changes the direction of the school for them.

## Question 2:

### Why Is India Situated Towards the East of Africa and the West of Thailand?

• The north, south, east and west directions are related to your position on the Earth.
• When one is facing north, the east is towards their right side and the west is towards their left side.
• The position of India is such that Africa is on Indiaâ€™s left (west) side and Thailand is on Indiaâ€™s right (east) side.
• So, with respect to Africa, India is in the east direction, and for Thailand, India is in the west.

## Question 3:

### How Are the Hands of a Clock Used to Show the Directions?

The digits of the clockâ€”12, 3, 6, and 9 are used to denote the directions as followsâ€”

Hour hand position Clock time Cardinal direction Normal direction
On 12 12 o clock North Forward
On 3 3 o clock East Right-hand side
On 6 6 o clock South Backwards
On 9 9 o clock West Left-hand side

## Question 4:

### What Is the Use of Lighthouse?

• In the olden days, a lighthouse on the coast guided the sailors to get the correct directions toward the nearby port.
• A lighthouse also warned the sailors about the rocks in the coastal region.
• In those days, the lighthouse was the only thing that helped to direct the ships in the coastal areas.

## Question 1:

### Why Does the North Direction Always Lies on Top of the Map?

• European explorers drew the first-ever maps. European countries are situated in the northern hemisphere of the Earth.
• For their convenience, they made maps pointing to the north on the top, as they mostly explored the northern hemisphere.
• Later it was standardized and accepted worldwide.

## Question 2:

### Why Is the Scale So Important for Map Reading?

• A map without a scale is a mere sketch of that area.
• An appropriate scale tells you about the real distance between two locations on the map.
• It also helps to measure the area of a particular place.
• So, a map without the correct scale will not be useful.

## Question 3:

### Satellite Images Are More Reliable Than Human Explorations for Map-Making. Why So?

• A satellite takes pictures of an area from space.
• >These images are taken from the top, so they give the correct idea about the size of the buildings, directions of roads, and other things about an area.

## Question 4:

### How to Find Location by Latitude and Longitude?

• Latitudes and longitudes are imaginary horizontal and vertical lines that make a grid around the globe.
• These intersect at a unique point which is not the same for any place.
• Hence, the position of latitudes and longitudes can be used to specify the absolute location of a place on Earthâ€™s surface.

## Question 5:

### A Map Can Go Out of Date. Explain How.

• A map is a symbolic representation of an area at a particular time.
• Old maps show the locations of the prominent features of that time.
• These features may change in the future. For example, a riverâ€™s flow can change over a certain period. The political boundaries of a city, state, or country may change.
• Therefore, a map can go out of date.

## Question 1:

### What Is a Magnetic Compass? How Does It Work?

• A magnetic compass is a device that is used to identify cardinal directions based on the deflections in the tiny magnetic needle.
• The needle of a magnetic compass is a small needle that always points in the north direction.
• When placed near a magnet, the needle of the magnet would change its direction due to the influence of the magnet and hence would not point in the correct direction.