Indian National Calendar (Hindu Calendar) - Orchids
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Indian National Calendar

The Indian national calendar is well known as the official civil calendar in India. Students also get knowledge about the Gregorian calendar and solar calendar.

Indian National Calendar or Hindu Calendar

The national calendar of India is based on the Saka calendar. It is based on Saka era. It is commonly known as ‘Saka Samvat’ or ‘Shalivahana Saka’. The Saka calendar is the historic Hindu calendar.

Gregorian Calendar

The Indian national calendar is the Solar calendar. It is used with the Gregorian calendar. In 1957 it was officially recognized as the National Calendar of India.

gregorian calendar

The Gregorian calendar has 12 months like January, February, … and December. Similarly, there are 12 months in the National calendar also. The first six months have 31 days each and the second six months have 30 days each. According to the Indian national calendar, Chaitra is the first month. Many festivals in India are celebrated according to this calendar. See the 12 months and number of days in each month of the Solar Calendar below:

Solar Calendar

Indian National Calendar consists of 365 days and 12 months. The first month of the National calendar always starts on the 21 st of March according to the Gregorian calendar. And if we subtract 78 from the current Gregorian year, we get the year of the Saka Calendar.

The Month of the National Indian Calendar:

Months name of the Indian National Calendar Days of the months Gregorian Months
Chaitra चैत्र 31 March 21 - April 20
Vaishakha वैशाख 31 April 21 - May 21
Jyeshtha ज्येष्ठ 31 May 22 - June 21
Ashadha आषाढ 31 June 22 - July 21
Shravana श्रावण 31 July 23 - August 22
Bhadra भाद्रपद 31 August 23 - September 22
Ashwin आश्विन 30 September 23 - October 22
Kartika कार्तिक 30 October 23 - November 21
Agrahayana अग्रहायण 30 November 22 - December 21
Pausha पौष 30 December 22 - January 20
Magha माघ 30 January 21 - February 19
Phalguna फाल्गुन 30 February 20 - March 20/21

Days of the Week

Indian National Calendar Saka calendar
Sunday Ravivara
Monday Somvara
Tuesday Mangalavara
Wednesday Budhavara
Thursday Brahaspativara
Friday Shukravara
Saturday Shanivara

12 Months Name

Question 1:

Following Are Some Dates According to Gregorian Calendar. Write the Dates According to the National Indian Calendar. The First One Is a Solved Example. (Hint: Use the Above Table)

  1. 23 Rd August 2022 –
  2. Indian National Calendar – 1 Bhadra

  3. 22nd June 2022 –
  4. 21st March 2022 –
  5. 20th February 2022 –
  6. 23rd October 2022 –
  7. 20th January 2022 –
  8. 21st July 2022 –
  9. 22nd September –
  10. 21st November –
  11. 19th February –

Answer 1:

Following are some dates according to Gregorian Calendar. Write the dates according to the National Indian calendar. The first one is a solved example. (Hint: Use the above table)

  1. 23rd August 2022 –
    Indian national calendar – 1 Bhadra 2022
  2. 22nd June 2022 – Indian national calendar – 1 Ashadha 2022
  3. 21st March 2022 – Indian national calendar – 31 Vaishakha 2022
  4. 20th February 2022 – Indian national calendar – 1 Phalguna 2022
  5. 23rd October 2022 – Indian national calendar – 1 Kartika 2022
  6. 20th January 2022 – Indian national calendar – 30 Pausha 2022
  7. 21st July 2022 – Indian national calendar – 31 Ashadha 2022
  8. 22nd September – Indian national calendar – 31 Bhadra 2022
  9. 21st November – Indian national calendar – 30 Kartika 2022
  10. 19th February – Indian national calendar – 30 Magha 2022

Calendar

Question 2:

Following Are the Year Given According to the Gregorian Calendar. Find the Year of the Saka Samvat (Saka Calendar).

  1. 2022
  2. 2028
  3. 1978
  4. 1945
  5. 2078

Answer 2:

Following are the year given according to the Gregorian Calendar. Find the year of the Saka Samvat (Saka Calendar).

If we subtract 78 from Gregorian Year, we get the year of Saka Samvat.

  1. 2022 2022 – 78 = 1944
  2. 2028 2028 – 78 = 1950
  3. 1978 1978 – 78 = 1900
  4. 1945 1945 – 78 = 1867
  5. 2078 2078 – 78 = 2000

Gregorian Calendar

Question 3:

Complete the Following Table.

Months of Gregorian Calendar Months of the National Indian Calendar
January Chaitra
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
December Phalguna

Answer 3:

Complete the following table.

Months of Gregorian Calendar Months of the National Indian Calendar
January Chaitra
February Vaishakha
March Jyeshtha
April Ashadha
May Shravana
June Bhadra
July Ashwin
August Kartika
September Agrahayana
October Pausha
November Magha
December Phalguna

Calendar

Question 4:

Answer the Following Questions.

  1. How Many Days and Months Are There in Indian National Calendar?
  2. How Many Days Are There in a Week on the Indian National Calendar? Name the Days of the Week.
  3. Write the Days of the Week in the Saka Calendar.
  4. How Many Days Are There in the Month of Agrahayana?
  5. How Many Days Are There in the Months of Shravana and Magha Together?
  6. When Does the Indian National Calendar Start According to the Gregorian Calendar?

Answer 4:

Answer the following questions.

  1. How many days and months are there in Indian National Calendar?
  2. There are 365/366 days and 12 months in the Indian national calendar.

  3. How many days are there in a week on the Indian national calendar? Name the days of the week.
  4. There are 7 days in the week of the Indian national calendar.

    Days of the week – Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday

  5. Write the days of the week in the Saka calendar.
  6. Days of the week in the Saka Calendar:

    Ravivara, Somvara, Mangalavara, Budhavara, Brahaspativara, Shukravara, Shanivara

  7. How many days are there in the month of Agrahayana?
    There are 30 days in the month of Agrahayana
  8. How many days are there in the months of Shravana and Magha together?
  9. Number of days in the month of Shravana = 31
    Number of days in the month of Shravana = 30
    Number of days in the months of Shravana and Magha together
    = 31 + 30
    = 61 Days

  10. When does the Indian National Calendar start according to the Gregorian Calendar?
  11. The first day of the Indian national calendar, day 1 Chaitra, starts on the 21st of March, according to the Gregorian Calendar.

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