Markup Vs Margin for Class 4 Maths
Mark vs margin connects students with the mathematical concept of profit and loss. Here students will learn about markup and margin. Also, they will learn markup formula, margin formula, and difference between markup and margin, which is related to the concept of markup vs margin. This content also connects students with the mathematical concept of the large numbers, pictographs, profit loss, and fractions.
What Is Markup?
The markup is the amount a seller adds to a product as a cost price.
Without a markup, the seller could not cover overheads or make a profit. For any business to profit or simply survive, there must be a markup.
Markup Formula:
Example of How to Deduce Markup:
If a product cost is â‚¹ 100 and the profit is â‚¹ 25.
Then, markup =Markup =
What Is Margin?
Margin is the difference between the price of a good or service and the amount of money required to produce it.
Margin Formula:
Example of How to Deduce Margin:
If a productâ€™s retail price is â‚¹ 120 and profit is â‚¹ 30.
Then, margin =Margin =
Margin =
Difference Between Markup and Margin:
The point of markup vs margin is:
Markup is costbased thinking, and margin is valuebased thinking.
Operations on Large Numbers:
Question 1:
A Car Dealer Advertises for a Car, and the Car Markup Is 1/6 if the Cost Price of the Car Is Rs 240000. Then Find the Profit for the Car.
Answers 1:
Here cost price = 240000 Markup =
We have markup = Profitcost
So, Profit = Markup Ã— cost
Profit from the car
=Rs(
= Rs 40000
So, the profit of the car is Rs 40000.
Pictograph Question for Class 4
Question 2:
A Pictograph of a Fruit Shop Is Given Below:
Fruit  Cost  Selling price 
Apple  Rs 50 

Mango  Rs 60 

Banana  Rs 92 

Orange  Rs 89 

Watermelon  Rs 49 

Grape  Rs 113 

Answers 2:
From this chart, find out the markup for each fruit.
Fruit  Cost  Selling price 
Markup = Selling price âˆ’ Cost 
Apple  Rs 50 
Value of 1 symbol = Rs 10 7 symbols = 7 Ã— Rs 10 = Rs 70 
Rs 70 â€“ Rs 50 = Rs 20 
Mango  Rs 60 
Value of 1 symbol = Rs 10 8 symbols = 8 Ã— Rs 10 = Rs 80 Half of 1 symbol = Rs 10 Ã· 2 = Rs 5Rs 80 + Rs 5 = Rs 85 
Rs 85 â€“ Rs 60 = Rs 25 
Banana  Rs 92 
Value of 1 symbol = Rs 10 10 symbols = 10 Ã— Rs10 = Rs 100 Half of 1 symbol = Rs 10 Ã· 2 = Rs 5: Rs 100 + Rs 5 = Rs 105 
Rs 105 â€“ Rs 92 = Rs 13 
Orange  Rs 89 
Value of 1 symbol = Rs 10 12 symbols = 12 Ã— Rs 10 = Rs 120 Half of 1 symbol = Rs 10 Ã· 2 = Rs 5Rs 120 + Rs 5 = Rs 125 
Rs 125 â€“ Rs 8 = Rs 36 
Watermelon  Rs 49 
Value of 1 symbol = Rs 10 9 symbols = 9 Ã— Rs 10 = Rs 90 
Rs 90 â€“ Rs 49 = Rs 41 
Grape  Rs 113 
Value of 1 symbol = Rs 10 15 symbols = 15 Ã— Rs 10 = Rs 150 Half of 1 symbol = 10 Ã· 2 = Rs 5Rs 150 + Rs 5 = Rs 155 
Rs 150 â€“ Rs113 = Rs 37 
Fractions Question for Class 4
Question 3:
Dev Wants a Toy That Costs Rs 60. The Retail Price for the Toy Is Rs 40, and the Profit Is Rs 30.
 Then the Markup for the toy Is:




 Then the Margin for the toy Is:




Answers 3:

The retail price of the toy is Rs 40
And profit = Rs 30
We know, Margin=Profit / Retail Price
Margin=30 / 40
Margin=3 / 4
The cost price of the toy is Rs. 60
and profit = Rs. 30
We know that markup =
Markup =
Markup =
Now,
So, markup = 12 =
The correct option is option iii)
The correct option is option iv)
Profit and Loss Questions
Question 4:
Bob Bought a House With a Profit of Rs 40000. He Stayed in That House for a Few Years and Then Sold It with a Markup . Find the Cost of the House.
Answers 4:
Here profit price = Rs 40000
And markup =So,
We have markup =
From this formula, cost =
Cost = Rs 40000 Ã— 4
Cost = Rs 160000
The cost of the house is Rs 160000.
Question 5:
John Bought an Old Motorbike With a Retail Price of Rs. 90000 and Spent Some Money Repair It. Then He Sold the Bike With a Margin of 1/3 . Find the Profit for the Bike.
Answers 5:
Retail price for the motorbike = Rs. 90000
Margin =
We know margin =
From this formula, Profit = Margin Ã— Retail price
Profit =
Profit = Rs 30000
The profit for the motorbike is Rs 30000.
Question 6:
Seema Bought a Cupboard With a Profit of Rs. 500 and Spent Some Money on Painting It. Then Sold the Cupboard With a Margin of . Find the Retail Price.
Answers 6:
Here profit price = Rs. 500
And margin =So,
We have margin = Profitretail price
From this formula, Retail price =
Retail price = Rs 500 Ã— 5
Cost = Rs 2500
The retail price for the cupboard is Rs 2500.