Rangoli Patterns: Kolam, Symmetrical Rangoli, Geometrical Shapes.
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Rangoli Patterns for Class 1 Maths

The rangoli designs are drawn using different 2-dimensional shapes introduced to the child in class 1. Some particular patterns are commonly used in rangoli patterns, and it is observed that symmetry is present in rangoli, also.

Rangoli Kolam

Rangoli is an ancient cultural tradition and decorative art of India. It is believed that the Rangoli represent the happiness, positivity and liveliness of surroundings. In Rangoli, there are various types of patterns. Kolam is most of the famous kind of the Rangoli. Earlier, people used rice flour, flower petals, turmeric, vermillion (sindoor), and coloured sand to make designs, but nowadays, many coloured rangoli powders are available.


Pattern in Rangoli

Kolam rangoli follows a particular pattern. In the process of making Kolam, the first dots are drawn. The distance between these dots is the same. In most patterns, the number of dots in each line is the same, for example, 7 dots in each row and 7 dots in each column.
Some rangoli patterns are in strip form and circular form also. Then by joining those dots, various patterns are drawn with the help of straight lines or curves, triangles, squares, circles and many more shapes, and finally, this rangoli is filled with colours.


Symmetrical Rangoli

Kolam pattern always has symmetry. For example, look at the following rangoli pattern. If we divide it into four parts, they always look the same.


If we rotate the 2nd, 3rd and 4th parts, all parts look the same.


Symmetry means if we divide any shape at the centre (vertically/horizontally or both), all parts look the same.

Different designs can be drawn using so many shapes and symmetry. These kolam patterns are also used in various places like clothes, marbles, bags, etc.


Pattern in Rangoli

Question 1

Complete the following pattern and colour the rangoli.



Imagine the given pattern is one part of the rangoli. Complete the other three parts as it is. The completed pattern will look like this:


Question 2

Complete the following pattern and colour it.



Imagine the given pattern is half part of the rangoli. Complete the other part of the rangoli. The completed pattern will look like this:


Rangoli with Geometrical Shapes

Question 3

By using circles, squares and triangles, make a design using 7 × 7 dots (In each horizontal line 7 dots and each vertical line 7 dots) and colour your design. Also, Count the number of circles, squares and triangles in your rangoli.

Answers 3:

The answer to this question can vary. One can make the pattern like this:


Number of circles = 4
Number of squares = 6
Number of triangles = 4

Counting Numbers

Question 4

Colour by numbers.

  1. Red
  2. Blue
  3. Yellow
  4. Green
  5. Purple


Completed rangoli looks like this:


Rangoli Patterns

Question 5

Complete the following strip of rangoli.



In the given pattern, the blue and yellow upward down triangles are alternately drawn. Inside the yellow triangles, red circles are drawn. And in the blue triangle, water drop and square are drawn. Follow the same pattern and complete the strip. It will look like this:

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