Types of Occupation in India
- Making handlooms, decorative artisanal pieces, and handicrafts are some traditional occupations practised in India since the period of the Indus Valley Civilization.
- India is diverse in terms of culture, language, food habits, and clothing which open opportunities for different types of occupations.
- Many hand-crafted items made in India are exported to foreign countries to earn revenue.
- Khadi is a fabric that was born in India and later gained popularity worldwide for being a natural cotton-made fabric.
- India has a variety of weavers who weave different types of fabrics. These fabrics are used to make sarees and other dress materials.
- With time some crafts have lost their popularity, and the work of artisans in different regions of India has been affected.
Which Indian City Is Famous for Silk Sarees?
- Kanchipuram, a city in Tamil Nadu, is famous for making authentic silk sarees in India.
- These silk sarees are of high quality, and the fabric looks lustrous due to the detailed zari work.
What Is Jamwar?
- Jamwar is a type of shawl that is made with pashmina wool. They were introduced in India by the Mughals from Afghanistan and Turkestan.
- These shawls are made in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
- These shawls have brocaded parts woven with silk threads and designed with floral motifs.
What Is Batik Dyeing?
- Batik is a type of dyeing technique that is used on fabrics.
- Mostly brown, red, blue, and green colours are used during batik dyeing.
- Wood blocks of different shapes and patterns are used.
- It is a sequential dyeing process which was originated in Southeast Asia.
What Is Tie and Dye Method? How Is It Done?
- The tie and dye is a dyeing process in which different colours are used on a piece of fabric.
- The steps of the tie and dye process are as follows,
- Folding: The fabric is washed, cleaned and folded correctly.
- Twisting: The fabric is twisted and tied with a string or rubber band.
- Pleating: Pleats are formed to make a design.
- Dyeing: The fabric is dipped into colour for dyeing, after which it is pressed and dried.
What Is Muslin? Why Is Muslin So Expensive, and Where It Was Originated?
- Muslin is a breathable fabric that is made up of silk.
- It is soft and keeps our bodies cool.
- Muslin first originated in Mosul. It is a city in Iraq.
- The fabric is durable enough; in the past, muslin was used by royalties, which is why it is so expensive.
What Is Gota Patti?
- Gota Patti is a type of embroidery work involving thread and golden cloth called gota.
- This work is from the state of Rajasthan.
What Is Ajrakh Print?
- Ajrakh craft is a type of block printing that is done with colours.
- Mainly indigo colour is used in this block print.
- The intricate designs are made on the blocks, which are then used to print on cotton fabrics.
What Is Madhubani Painting?
- Madhubani art or Madhubani painting got its name from the Madhubani district in Bihar.
- This type of artwork is done by the painters of the Mithila region in Bihar and Nepal.
- Traditional Madhubani paintings are done on the mud walls of huts, cloth and paper.
- Different figures from mythology, epics, and religious books are painted on fabric, and the paints are prepared with colours and rice flour.
Why Is Ghurni So Famous?
- Ghurni is a neighbourhood area in the Nadia district of West Bengal.
- This place is famous for clay dolls, sculptures, and bronze cast artisans.
Write About Two Indian Tribal Arts.
- Tribal art is paintings done by tribal or indigenous people.
- This painting is done on mud walls, canvas, paper and cloth; the tribal people use vegetable colours and natural ingredients for preparing dyes and paints. Two types of tribal arts are as follows:
- It is a famous art form from Maharashtra.
- These paintings are done with white colours on dark-coloured backgrounds.
- Different types of geometrical shapes, like circles and triangles, are used in these paintings.
- Activities like hunting, dancing, fishing and farming are portrayed in warli paintings.
- This painting is tribal art from Odhisa and West Bengal.
- This painting is done on a canvas with lines and colours.
- Figures of Gods and Goddesses are depicted in pattachitra paintings.