Family and Types of Shelter for Grade 3 EVS
Humans are social animals who live in a family. A family can be either a nuclear or joint family. We live in a house to lead a comfortable life. The types of houses found in different localities depend upon the climate of an area and the raw materials available.
Why Do Some People Shift From One Place to Another Frequently?
People shifting from one place to another because of the following reasons—
- In search of jobs.
- In search of better educational facilities and higher education.
- Because of the lack of resources available in the area.
- Due to natural calamities.
You Inherit Your Characteristics From Your Parents. But Sometimes You Resemble Other Relatives in Your Family. How Does It Happen?
- The resemblance of features is because of the transfer of genes from one generation to another.
- It is not that we always resemble our parents. Sometimes we inherit the genes from our relatives as our parents share common genes with them.
Types of Shelter
If Required to Stay for a Long Time, Would You Like to Live in an Igloo or a Houseboat?
- Igloos are found and built in extremely cold areas.
- Living there for a longer time would be difficult and uncomfortable.
- Hence, a houseboat should be considered over an igloo.
How Do You Think People Live in Slums? What Difficulties Do They Face?
- People living in slums have small houses. These houses are built very close to one another and do not have much space.
- Houses in the slums can be single-storeyed or double-storeyed.
- People living in slums face the following difficulties—
- Water shortage in summers.
- Leaking roofs in the rainy season.
- Overflowing sewers and poor sanitation conditions lead to outbreaks of diseases.
Why Do Modern Houses Have Replaced Ancient Houses?
Ancient houses are replaced by modern houses due to the following reasons—
- Materials used to build ancient houses like mud and stone are not strong and long-lasting. They need regular repair.
- Ancient houses were not designed to accommodate present-day amenities like air conditioners, modular kitchens, etc.
- The unavailability of land available has increased the demand for multi-storeyed buildings instead of individual houses.
Care and Decoration of a House
Why Walls, Doors, and Windows of Houses Are Often Painted?
- Paint makes an outer coating on the walls, doors, and windows of a house.
- Paints are made using chemicals that do not allow any germs to grow on them and protect the walls, doors, and windows from heat and water.
- Hence, houses' walls, doors, and windows are often painted.
In Cold Areas, There Is a Space Between the Adjacent Walls of the Houses. Why Do You Think It Is Done?
- The space between the adjacent walls does not allow the house to cool quickly because of the outer lower temperature.
- It helps in keeping the house warm.
- The house will lose heat rapidly due to the low temperature if there is no space.