Family and Types of Shelter for Class 3 EVS - Orchids
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Family and Types of Shelter for Grade 3 EVS

Humans are social animals who live in a family. A family can be either a nuclear or joint family. We live in a house to lead a comfortable life. The types of houses found in different localities depend upon the climate of an area and the raw materials available.

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Home

Question: 1

Why Do Some People Shift From One Place to Another Frequently?

Answer:

People shifting from one place to another because of the following reasons—

  • In search of jobs.
  • In search of better educational facilities and higher education.
  • Because of the lack of resources available in the area.
  • Due to natural calamities.
Family-and-Shelter-1

Family

Question: 2

You Inherit Your Characteristics From Your Parents. But Sometimes You Resemble Other Relatives in Your Family. How Does It Happen?

Answer:

  • The resemblance of features is because of the transfer of genes from one generation to another.
  • It is not that we always resemble our parents. Sometimes we inherit the genes from our relatives as our parents share common genes with them.
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Types of Shelter

Question: 1

If Required to Stay for a Long Time, Would You Like to Live in an Igloo or a Houseboat?

Answer:

  • Igloos are found and built in extremely cold areas.
  • Living there for a longer time would be difficult and uncomfortable.
  • Hence, a houseboat should be considered over an igloo.
Family-and-Shelter-1

Question: 2

How Do You Think People Live in Slums? What Difficulties Do They Face?

Answer:

  • People living in slums have small houses. These houses are built very close to one another and do not have much space.
  • Houses in the slums can be single-storeyed or double-storeyed.
  • People living in slums face the following difficulties—
    • Water shortage in summers.
    • Leaking roofs in the rainy season.
    • Overflowing sewers and poor sanitation conditions lead to outbreaks of diseases.

Question: 3

Why Do Modern Houses Have Replaced Ancient Houses?

Answer:

Ancient houses are replaced by modern houses due to the following reasons—

  • Materials used to build ancient houses like mud and stone are not strong and long-lasting. They need regular repair.
  • Ancient houses were not designed to accommodate present-day amenities like air conditioners, modular kitchens, etc.
  • The unavailability of land available has increased the demand for multi-storeyed buildings instead of individual houses.

Care and Decoration of a House

Question: 1

Why Walls, Doors, and Windows of Houses Are Often Painted?

Answer:

  • Paint makes an outer coating on the walls, doors, and windows of a house.
  • Paints are made using chemicals that do not allow any germs to grow on them and protect the walls, doors, and windows from heat and water.
  • Hence, houses' walls, doors, and windows are often painted.

Question: 2

In Cold Areas, There Is a Space Between the Adjacent Walls of the Houses. Why Do You Think It Is Done?

Answer:

  • The space between the adjacent walls does not allow the house to cool quickly because of the outer lower temperature.
  • It helps in keeping the house warm.
  • The house will lose heat rapidly due to the low temperature if there is no space.
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