Voting Percentage - Orchids
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Voting Percentage

This discussion is given to inform students about the voting percentage or electoral systems. The election process for kids is explained in the simplest way to introduce the voting system to kids. From this, students can relate the topic to percentage questions, bar graphs, and circle graphs.

Voting System

Voting is the process in which a group of people cast their vote or opinion on choosing a leader or to make a collective discussion.
In an election, the people who give the vote, suggestion, or opinion are called the “Voters.”
The people who stand for the election, i.e., the applicants, are known as “Candidates.”

Voters Day image

Types of Voting

The two most common types of voting include:

  • Plurality System
  • Majority System

Plurality System:

The Plurality System is the simplest method of voting. In this, a candidate with the maximum votes is declared a winner.

For Example:

Suppose there are 100 voters and three candidates. Candidate 1 received 28 votes, Candidate 2 received 49, and Candidate 3 received 23. Then through the plurality system, candidate 2 is the winner as he received the maximum votes.

Majority Voting System:

Majority System: If a candidate wins with more than 50% of the votes, he will be declared the winner in this system.

For Example:

Suppose there are 100 voters and three candidates. Candidate 1 received 28 votes, Candidate 2 received 52, and Candidate 3 received 26. According to the majority system, with more than 50% votes Candidate 2 won the election.

Difference Between Plurality and Majority Voting System:

The figure shows the difference between the plurality and the majority voting. In plurality voting, the green The region shows that the The winner received the maximum votes which are less than 50% votes. In the majority voting, the green region shows that the winner received more than 50% votes.

Plurality and majority

Percentage Questions

Question 1:

Aryan and Adhyan Were Standing in an Election in Which There Were 1,70,540 Voters and Two Candidates. Calculate the Least Votes the Candidate Should Get to Win the Election.

Answer 1:

Total number of votes = 1,70,540
50% of the votes = of 1,70,540.
50 / 100 = 5 × 17,054
    = 85,270

Therefore, to win the least votes required = 85,270 + 1
                          = 85,271

Question 2:

In a Class of 50 Students, There Was Voting Done for the Election of the Monitor. Three Applicants for the Monitor Were Rupsha, Debahuti, and Parvati. Rupsha Received 40% Votes, Debahuti Received 26% Votes, and Parvati Received 24% Votes. How Many Votes Did Each of Them Receive? Who Was Elected As the Monitor? Which Method Was Used to Choose the Monitor?

Answer 2:

Step 1:

Total number of voters = 50
Percentage of votes received by Rupsha = 40%
Number of votes received by Rupsha = 40% of 50

      40 / 100 × 50 = 4 × 5
            = 20

Therefore, Rupsha received 20 votes.

Step 2:

Percentage of votes received by Debahuti = 26%
Number of votes received by Rupsha = 26% of 50

      26 / 100 × 50 = 26 × 5 / 100
              = 130 / 10
            = 13

Therefore, Debahuti received 13 votes.

Step 3:

Percentage of votes received by Parvati = 34%
Number of votes received by Parvati = 34% of 50

      34 / 100 × 50 = 34 × 5 / 100
              = 170 / 10
            = 17

Therefore, Parvati received 17 votes.

Step 4:

Rupsha received the maximum number of votes, which was 20. Therefore, Rupsha should be elected as a monitor.

The winner is chosen based on the maximum number of votes. Therefore, the plurality method is used.

Question 3:

In a Village With a Population of 2,50,000, There Was an Election for a Gram Pradhan (Sarpanch). Two Candidates Were Standing Against Each Other. Out of the Total Population, 31,540 People Did Not Cast Their Votes.

  1. Calculate the Total Number of Votes Cast?
  2. Calculate the Minimum Votes Required to Win the Election Through Majority Voting?
  3. If the Winner Received 1,10,560 Votes. Calculate the Number of Votes Received by the Losing Candidates.

Answer:

a)Total population = 2,50,000
  Number of people who did not cast their votes = 31,540
  Number of votes cast = 2,50,000 – 31,540
                = 2,18,460

To win the election, the candidates should receive more than 50% of the votes.

Total number of votes = 2,18,460
50% of votes = 50 / 100 × 2,18,460
         =5 × 2,18,46
         =1,09,230

Least votes required to win = 1,09,230 + 1
         =1,09,231

b)Total votes = 2,18,460
 Votes received by winner = 1,10,560
 Votes received by loser = 2,18,460 – 1,10,560
                = 1,07,900

Vertical Bar Graph

Question 4:

In an Election of Three Candidates, Shuja, Asif, and Asad. Shuja Received 14,560 Votes, Asif Received 5,920 Votes, and Asad Received 11,520 Votes. Calculate the Total Votes. It also Represents the Votes Received by Each Candidate. And Then Arrange the Candidates In the Increasing Order of Votes.

Answer:

Step 1:

Number of votes received by Shuja = 14,560
Number of votes received by Asif = 5,920
Number of votes received by Asad = 11,520
Total votes = 14,560 + 5,920 + 11,520
       = 32,000

Step 2:

The bar graph is shown below:

Vertical bar graph image

Step 3:

The bar graph shows that:
Asif received the least votes: 5,920
Asad received the second-highest votes: 11,520
Shuja received the highest votes: 14,560.

Circle graph

Question 5:

In an Election, Three Candidates, 1, Candidate 2, and Candidate 3, Received 3450 Votes, 4580 Votes, and 1230 Votes, respectively. Calculate the Total Votes. And Draw a Chapati- Chart to Represent the Data.

Observe the Chapati-Chart and Tell What Percent of Votes the Candidate 2 Has Received?

Answer 5:

Step 1:

Number of votes received by candidate 1 = 3400
Number of votes received by candidate 2 = 4630
Number of votes received by candidate 3 = 1230
Total votes = 3400 + 4630 + 1230
        = 9260

Therefore, the total number of votes received is 9260.

Step 2:

The chapati chart is shown below:

 circle graph images

It is observed from the chapati chart that candidate 2 has received 50% votes.

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