Changing Word Form 'ing' & 'ed' - Orchids The International School
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Tenses

Concept: Changing Word Form 'ing' & 'ed'

Definition:

  • A tense is a form of a verb that indicates the time of an action or an event.
  • An action can happen in the present, past, or future. In accordance with the tense, the action words also take different forms.
  • An action word is used to describe an action. We add ‘ing’ or ‘ed’ at the end of a regular action word to indicate when an action happens.
  • When we add ‘ing’ or ‘ed’ with an action word, sometimes we have to change the spelling as well.

Example:

Boy
Boy

Types of ‘ing’ words

  1. We use ‘ing’ with a verb to show an ongoing action. It refers to a continuing action that is happening in the present or it was happening at some point in the past.

    Example:

    Boy
    Boy

    In the first example, the action (reading) was happening in the present.

    The second example refers to an action that was happening in the past.

  2. An action word with ‘ing’ can also act as a noun. Though it seems like they are describing an action, they actually act as a noun.
    Boy
    Boy

    ‘Swimming’ and ‘studying’ both are the names of activities. By adding ‘ing’ with the verbs ‘swim’ and ‘study’ we made them into nouns.

  3. Some action words with ‘ing’ can also be used as an adjective. It is used in a sentence to describe something or someone.

    Example:

    Boy
    Boy

    The word ‘boring’ is describing the movie and ‘rolling’ is talking about the stone.

Spelling rules to form ‘ing’ words

1. The general rule is to add ‘ing’ with the verb.

Example:

Boy

1. When an action word ends with ‘e’, drop the letter ‘e’ and add ‘-ing’ at the end of the word.

Example:

Boy

2. When in an action word, vowels like a, e, i, o, and u come before the ending consonant, the consonant is repeated or doubled. 2. When in an action word, vowels like a, e, i, o, and u come before the ending consonant, the consonant is repeated or doubled.

Example:

Boy

3. If a word ends with ‘ie’, change the ‘ie’ to y and then add ing.

Example:

Boy

When to use ‘ed’ with a word?

We use ‘ed’ with a verb to talk about an action that already happened in the past.

Boy
Boy

In both examples, the actions happened in the past

Spelling rules to form ‘ed’ words

1. When a verb ends with ‘e’, add only ‘d’ to change its form.

Example:

Boy

2. If a verb ends with ‘consonant+y’, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ed’.

Boy

3. Add ‘ed’ with the verb if it ends with ‘vowel+y’.

Boy

4. When a one-syllable verb ends with vowel+consonant, double the consonant and add ‘ed’ with the verb.

Example:

Boy

Exceptions:

We don’t double the consonant for the verbs that end in ‘w’ or ‘x’.

Boy
Boy
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