What are Verbs? English Grammar | Grade 1 | ORCHIDS
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Action Words for Class 1 English

A verb is often used to indicate an action. Action words tell what the subject of a sentence is doing. In this learning concept, students will be taught about verb definitions and examples and the rules for using them. They will also go through the common mistake and mind maps to get a better understanding of the concept.

In this learning concept, the students will learn about:

  • The definition and example of the verb.
  • The uses of the verb in a sentence.

Each concept is explained to class 1 students using examples, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable action words worksheet for class 1 given at the end of the page.
Download the worksheet on verbs for class 1 and check your answers with the worksheet solutions provided in PDF format.

What are Action Words?

Words that show the action that someone or something is doing are called action words.

action words images

The word ‘dances’ indicates that the girl is performing an action. Therefore, it is an action word.

action words images

Therefore, ‘sleeps’ is also an action word.


action words images
action words images
action words images

In these above examples, the words ‘runs’, ‘cook’, ‘swims’, ‘cries’, ‘eat’, and ‘loves’ are all doing words or action words. Because they all denote action or work done by a person or animal, these words can also be mentioned as verbs.

Rules to follow while using action words:

1. When we use action words with the singular noun and singular pronouns ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, we add ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the words.


a) He goes to school every day.

b) She makes delicious cookies.

c) It gives us milk.

d) Raju brushes his teeth twice a day.

In these examples, we added ‘-es’ or ‘-s’ at the end of each action word because they are placed with the singular pronouns ‘he’, ‘she’, and ‘it’.

Rule for action words

2. When we use action words with the plural nouns and pronouns ‘we’, ‘they’, and ‘you’, the action word is written in the plural form, which means there are no ‘s’ or ‘es’ added to the end of the sentence.


a) I learn French from school.

b) You write a poem.

c) We play cricket with our friends.

d) They jump over the fence.

Here, the action words ‘learn, ‘write’, ‘play’, and ‘jump’ didn’t change their forms. We didn’t add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to them.

Common Mistake:

Don’t add ‘-s’ or ‘-es’ to the action words with the pronoun ‘you’ even when the pronoun refers to a singular object or person.


action words images

Even though the pronoun ‘you’ is referring to a singular person, the action word ‘walk’ remains the same. We didn’t change the form of the action word.

Concept map of action words
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