What are Verbs? English Grammar | Grade 1 | ORCHIDS
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Concept: Have You Heard about Verbs?

What are Action Words?

Words that show the action that someone or something is doing are called action words.


The word ‘dances’ indicates that the girl is performing an action. Therefore, it is an action word.


Therefore, ‘sleeps’ is also an action word.



In these above examples, the words ‘runs’, ‘cook’, ‘swims’, ‘cries’, ‘eat’, and ‘loves’ are all doing words or action words. Because they all denote action or work done by a person or animal, these words can also be mentioned as verbs.

Rules to follow while using action words:

1. When we use action words with the singular noun and singular pronouns ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, we add ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the words.


a) He goes to school every day.

b) She makes delicious cookies.

c) It gives us milk.

d) Raju brushes his teeth twice a day.

In these examples, we added ‘-es’ or ‘-s’ at the end of each action word because they are placed with the singular pronouns ‘he’, ‘she’, and ‘it’.


2. When we use action words with the plural nouns and pronouns ‘we’, ‘they’, and ‘you’, the action word is written in the plural form, which means there are no ‘s’ or ‘es’ added to the end of the sentence.


a) I learn French from school.

b) You write a poem.

c) We play cricket with our friends.

d) They jump over the fence.

Here, the action words ‘learn, ‘write’, ‘play’, and ‘jump’ didn’t change their forms. We didn’t add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to them.

Common Mistake:

Don’t add ‘-s’ or ‘-es’ to the action words with the pronoun ‘you’ even when the pronoun refers to a singular object or person.



Even though the pronoun ‘you’ is referring to a singular person, the action word ‘walk’ remains the same. We didn’t change the form of the action word.

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