Concept: Long and Short Vowels
What Are Vowels?
- A vowel is a letter of the alphabet that illustrates an open sound. A letter that produces sound by allowing the breath to come out of the mouth without any interference.
- Vowels are five vowels in the English Alphabet. They are a, e, i, o, and u.
A vowel has more than one sound. Vowels can be divided into two parts based on their sounds – a) Long vowel sound and b) Short vowel sound.
When a vowel is said, sometimes the sound it makes is that of a long vowel sound.
There are two ways when long vowel sounds are used.
i. A long vowel sound is made when two vowels sit next to each other in a word.
1. When ‘e’ and ‘a’ sit together, it makes a long /e/ sound.
2. When ‘i’ and ‘e’ appear next to each other it makes a long /i/ sound.
3. If we put together ‘a’ and ‘i’, the word makes a long /a/ sound.
3. If two ‘o’s sit together, it makes a long /u/ sound.
5. When two ‘e’s sit together in a word, it makes a long /e/ sound..
6. When ‘o’ and ‘a’ sit together, a word makes a long /o/ sound .
Some vowels make a short sound as these sounds are not stretched.
The short vowels always come at the beginning or middle of the word. It never is at the end of a word.
The vowels in the words say their sounds - /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/, /u/. Therefore, these words are making short vowel sounds.
i. Some vowels may still make long vowel sounds when used by itself. One such letter is ‘u’ also produces long vowel sounds.
The vowel ‘u’ in ‘huge’ makes a long /u/ sound.
The vowel ‘a’ in ‘plate’ makes a long /a/ sound.
The vowel ‘i’ in ‘bike’ makes a long /i/ sound.
2. Don’t get confused between the short ‘i’ vowel sound and the long ‘e’ vowel sound.
|Short 'i'||Long 'e'|