One vs Many | Grade 3 English Learning Concept | Orchids International
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Singular & Plurals

Revisit: Singular Noun and Plural Noun for Class 1 English

A singular noun denotes only one, while a plural noun denotes more than one. Most plural nouns are formed by adding ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of a singular noun. Depending on what letter a noun ends in, pluralization rules can vary greatly. In this topic, students will get to learn about the rules of making singular nouns into plural nouns. Students can check the chapter on difference between one and many.

In this learning concept, the students will learn about:

  • The list of singular and plural nouns.
  • Definition and examples of irregular plurals.
  • Common mistakes while using them in a sentence.

Each concept is explained to class 1 English students using examples, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the singular plural worksheets pdf and check your answers with the worksheet solutions provided in PDF format.

Nouns:

A) Singular Noun Definition:

  • A singular noun talks about only one person, place, animal, or thing.
  • Examples of singular nouns show only one person – doctor, carpenter, place – park, lake, animal – frog, monkey, and object – camera, pencil.

B) Plural Noun:

  • A plural noun talks about more than one person, animal, place, or thing.
  • Above mentioned pictures are examples of plural nouns because they denote more than one person – girls, farmers, places – hospitals, schools, animal – snakes, cats, and thing – shoes, cars.

Examples:

Nouns Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
Person singular noun singular noun singular noun singular noun
Place singular noun singular noun singular noun singular noun
Animals singular noun singular noun singular noun singular noun
Things singular noun singular noun singular noun singular noun

Rules to Make Singular Nouns into a Plural noun

a) Add ‘s’ with the singular noun to make it into a plural noun.

Examples:

singular noun examples

The singular form is ‘dog’.

The plural form is ‘dogs’.

To make a singular noun into a plural noun, we added ‘-s’ with the singular noun.

b) Add ‘-es’ if a singular noun ends with ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘x’, or ‘z’.

These nouns are known as irregular nouns.

Examples:

Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
i) bus buses
ii) dress dresses
iii) beach beaches
iv) brush brushes
v) fox foxes
vi)witch witches

c) If a singular noun ends with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), add a ‘s’ with the singular noun to make it into a plural noun.

Examples:

singular noun to plural examples

d) When a singular noun ends with a consonant and ‘y’, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘-es’ with the singular noun to make into a plural noun.

Examples:

singular noun to plural examples

Common mistakes:

There are a few irregular nouns that don’t add letters at the end of a singular noun to make it a plural one. These plural nouns change the words themselves. Don’t add ‘-s’ or ‘-es’ with the singular nouns to turn them into plural nouns.

Examples:

I have two children.

I have two childs.

Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
i) Man Men
ii) Woman Women
iii) Child Children
iv) Goose Geese
v) Foot Feet
vi)Ox Oxen
vii)Mouse Mice
Mind map for one and many
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