One vs Many | Grade 3 English Learning Concept | Orchids International
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Singular & Plurals

Concept: Revisit: One vs Many

Definition:

A) Singular Noun:

  • A singular noun talks about only one person, place, animal, or thing.
  • Examples of singular nouns show only one person – doctor, carpenter, place – park, lake, animal – frog, monkey, and object – camera, pencil.

B) Plural Noun:

  • A plural noun talks about more than one person, animal, place, or thing.
  • Above mentioned pictures are examples of plural nouns because they denote more than one person – girls, farmers, places – hospitals, schools, animal – snakes, cats, and thing – shoes, cars.

Examples:

Nouns Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
Person Nature-1 Nature-1 Nature-1 Nature-1
Place Nature-1 Nature-1 Nature-1 Nature-1
Animals Nature-1 Nature-1 Nature-1 Nature-1
Things Nature-1 Nature-1 Nature-1 Nature-1

Rules to Make Singular Nouns into a Plural noun

a) Add ‘s’ with the singular noun to make it into a plural noun.

Examples:

Nature-1

The singular form is ‘dog’.

The plural form is ‘dogs’.

To make a singular noun into a plural noun, we added ‘-s’ with the singular noun.

b) Add ‘-es’ if a singular noun ends with ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘x’, or ‘z’.

These nouns are known as irregular nouns.

Examples:

Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
i) bus buses
ii) dress dresses
iii) beach beaches
iv) brush brushes
v) fox foxes
vi)witch witches

c) If a singular noun ends with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), add a ‘s’ with the singular noun to make it into a plural noun.

Examples:

Nature-1

d) When a singular noun ends with a consonant and ‘y’, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘-es’ with the singular noun to make into a plural noun.

Examples:

Nature-1

Common mistakes:

There are a few irregular nouns that don’t add letters at the end of a singular noun to make it a plural one. These plural nouns change the words themselves. Don’t add ‘-s’ or ‘-es’ with the singular nouns to turn them into plural nouns.

Examples:

I have two children.

I have two childs.

Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
i) Man Men
ii) Woman Women
iii) Child Children
iv) Goose Geese
v) Foot Feet
vi)Ox Oxen
vii)Mouse Mice
Nature-1
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