Sentence Sense II - Orchids The International School
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ORCHIDS The International School

Sentences Construction

Concept: Sentence Sense II


  • A sentence is a set of words that convey a complete thought.
  • It must follow a set of grammatical rules to express a statement, question, exclamation, or command.



Both the above-mentioned sentences make a complete thought.

Part of a sentence:

Every sentence has a subject and a predicate.

  • Subject: A subject in a sentence is the person or the thing performing the action.
  • Predicate: A predicate in a sentence tells about the subject. It contains what the subject is doing in a sentence.



In the above example, the sentence is about Tanu. Therefore, Tanu is the subject of the sentence. The predicate is ‘reads the book’ because this part of the sentence is providing more information on the subject.

Types of sentences:

There are four types of sentences.

  1. Declarative sentence
  2. Interrogative sentence
  3. Imperative Sentence
  4. Exclamatory sentence

In this lesson, we will learn about 1. Declarative sentence and 2. Interrogative sentence.

1. Declarative sentence:

A declarative sentence tells a fact or gives a statement and it ends with a full stop.



2. Interrogative sentence:

This sentence asks a question and it ends with a question mark (?).



Rules to make a complete sentence:

  • A sentence must have a subject and predicate.
  • A sentence always begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark, or exclamation mark.
  • The order of words in a sentence is very important to indicate a meaningful thought.

Common mistake:

Don’t forget that a declarative sentence will always end with a full stop and an interrogative sentence will end with a question mark.


  • Did you finish your work.
  • Did you finish your work?
  • Rakul loves to eat chocolates.
  • Rakul loves to eat chocolates?
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