Types and Parts of a Sentence - Sentences Construction
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Sentences Construction

Types and Parts of a Sentence for Class 1 English

In the previous chapter, you have learned sentence definition and how to make a sentence. This chapter will detail on types and parts of a sentence.

In this chapter, students will learn the following:

  • Parts of a sentence examples with definition.
  • Types of sentence with definition and examples.
  • Common sentence errors to avoid while constructing one.

Every concept is elaborated to class 1 English students with the help of examples, illustrations, and concept maps. Students can assess their understanding of the concept by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page. Download the worksheets and check your answers with the solutions provided in PDF format.

Definition:

  • A sentence is a set of words that convey a complete thought.
  • It must follow a set of grammatical rules to express a statement, question, exclamation, or command.

Examples:

Examples of sentence
Examples of sentence

Both the above-mentioned sentences make a complete thought.

Part of a sentence:

Every sentence has a subject and a predicate.

  • Subject: A subject in a sentence is the person or the thing performing the action.
  • Predicate: A predicate in a sentence tells about the subject. It contains what the subject is doing in a sentence.

Examples:

Parts of a sentence

In the above example, the sentence is about Tanu. Therefore, Tanu is the subject of the sentence. The predicate is ‘reads the book’ because this part of the sentence is providing more information on the subject.

Types of sentences:

There are four types of sentences.

  1. Declarative sentence
  2. Interrogative sentence
  3. Imperative Sentence
  4. Exclamatory sentence

In this lesson, we will learn about 1. Declarative sentence and 2. Interrogative sentence.

1. Declarative sentence:

A declarative sentence tells a fact or gives a statement and it ends with a full stop.

Examples:

declarative sentence examples
declarative sentence examples

2. Interrogative sentence:

This sentence asks a question and it ends with a question mark (?).

Examples:

Interrogative sentence examples
Interrogative sentence examples

Rules to make a complete sentence:

  • A sentence must have a subject and predicate.
  • A sentence always begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark, or exclamation mark.
  • The order of words in a sentence is very important to indicate a meaningful thought.

Common mistake:

Don’t forget that a declarative sentence will always end with a full stop and an interrogative sentence will end with a question mark.

Examples:

  • Did you finish your work.
  • Did you finish your work?
  • Rakul loves to eat chocolates.
  • Rakul loves to eat chocolates?
Mind map for sentences
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