What are Long and Short Vowel Sounds? - Learning Concepts
Job Alert : To view our Careers Page Click Here X
ORCHIDS The International School


Concept: Syllables

The English language has so many words, and each word can be divided into smaller parts. These small parts are based on sounds.


  • A syllable can be a complete meaningful word or a part of a word with one vowel or two vowels which are a, e, i ,o, and u.
  • A word can have one or more than one syllables.

To understand the syllables, first, you must know the way sounds are written.

Sounds for every letter are written in the following way:

The sound for the letter ‘s’ can be written as /s/.

Learn How to Find a Single Syllable.

a) This is a dog.



Can you count how many syllables are there in the word dog?


The answer is one syllable.

Why does the word ‘dog’ have only one syllable?

When you say the word ‘dog’, you can hear only one vowel sound (o vowel). Therefore, it has one syllable.


The word ‘pan’ has also one syllable. Why?

Because it also has one vowel sound which is /a/.


Let’s look at a few words with one syllable:

Sr No. Words Syllable Syllable Number
1 rocket /roc-ket/ two
2 candle /can-dle/ two
3 pencil /pen-cil/ two
4 picnic /pic-nic/ two
5 monkey /mon-key/ two
6 water /wa-ter/ two
7 pilot /pi-lot/ two

Two-Syllable Search

Now we will talk about words with two syllables.

The first part of the word ends with the vowel sound ‘i’, and in the second part, we can hear the ‘e’ vowel sound. Therefore, ‘spider’ has two syllables.



The word ‘Spider’ has two syllables in it.



Similarly, the word ‘window’ has two syllables in it.

In the first part of the word, the ‘i’ vowel sound can be heard. So, ‘win’ makes one syllable. In the second part, the vowel ‘o’ can be heard in the middle, making the second syllable. Therefore, the word ‘window’ has two syllables.


Let’s look at a few words with two syllables.

Sr No. Words Syllable Syllable Number
1 cat /cat/ one
2 pin /pin/ one
3 boat /boat/ one
4 pink /pink/ one
5 fish /fish/ one
6 sun /sun/ one
7 rose /rose/ one


  1. The letter ‘y’ is a consonant, but sometimes it makes a vowel sound /i/.
  2. Examples:


    As we know, the letter ‘y’ sometimes makes a vowel sound. Thus, the word has one syllable.

  3. If a syllable ends in a silent vowel ‘e’, it won’t be considered a syllable. The words ending with the vowel ‘e’ and another vowel are considered to have a single syllable.


Glide, snake, love, pride, etc.

  • Admission Enquiry 2022-23

    Zero Admission Fees Till 30th June 2022