Concept: Food and Shelter of Animals
- There are many food items around us. Some of us may like eating sweet foods, whereas some may like eating salty foods
- Our taste buds and food choices differ. Similar is the case of animals. They eat a variety of food.
Food habits of animals:
- Some animals eat only animal flesh and are called carnivores.
- Some animals eat only plants and their different parts and are called herbivores.
- Lastly, some animals eat both plant and animal products and are called omnivores.
- A place where a living organism lives and grows is called a shelter
- A shelter may be natural or man-made.
- Natural shelters are jungles, lakes, seas, etc.
- Man-made shelters are zoos, aquariums, kennels, etc.
Animals require shelters for the following reasons—
- To protect themselves from rough weather.
- To be safe from other animals.
- To rest and give birth to young ones.
Let us look at the shelter and food of some common animals.
- Lions live in caves in forests.
- These caves are called dens.
- A lion is a carnivore.
- Rabbits can be both wild and pet animals.
- They are burrowing animals and live in burrows in the wild.
- As a pet, they are kept in a cage-like structure called a hutch.
- Rabbits are herbivores.
- Birds weave twigs and other things like leaves, cotton, etc., together to form a comfortable structure called a nest.
- Some birds like Eagles use stones to make nests.
- Tailor birds make hanging nests.
- Woodpeckers make their nest in tree holes.
- Birds are generally omnivores.
- Prey birds like vultures and eagles are carnivores.
4. Honey bees:
- Honey bees use wax to make a beehive.
- A group of bees called a colony lives in a beehiv
- Bees are herbivores and feed on the juices of flowers, which they use for making honey.
- Ants live in a group like bees.
- They make a hill-like structure using sand called anthill.
- Ants are omnivores.
- Monkeys are arboreal animals. They do not make any specific shelters and live on trees.
- Other animals which live on trees are gorillas, chimpanzees, etc.
- Monkeys are herbivores.
- Bears are found in jungles.
- They live in caves.
- Bears are omnivores.
- The horse is a domestic animal.
- It lives in a man-made shelter called a stable.
- The horse is a herbivore.
- The cow is a domestic animal.
- It lives in a man-made shelter called cattle shed.
- Other milching animals like buffaloes and goats are also kept in cattle sheds.
- The cow is a herbivore.
- It lives in a man-made shelter called a coop.
- The hen is an omnivore.
- The dog is a pet animal.
- It lives in a man-made shelter called a kennel.
- The dog is an omnivore.
- Pigs are found both in the wild as well as domesticated for meat.
- Wild pigs live in the jungle, whereas the domesticated ones live in a man-made shelter called a pigsty.
- Pigs are omnivores.
- Sheep are domesticated to obtain wool.
- They live in a man-made shelter called a pen.
- They are herbivores.
- Spiders are insects.
- They make their web-shaped shelter called spider web on their own.
- Spiders are carnivorous.
- Squirrels are
- They make their shelter in tree holes.
- They are herbivorous.
- Frogs are adapted to live both on land and in water.
- They are generally found in water bodies like lakes and ponds.
- Frogs are carnivores.
17. Marine animals:
- Animals that are found in large water bodies like seas and oceans are called marine animals.
- Marine animals can be carnivores, herbivores or omnivores.
Examples of marine animals are as follows:
18. Desert animals:
- Some animals are specially adapted to live in hot sandy areas called deserts.
- Examples of animals that live in the desert are camels and lizards.
- Camel is a herbivore, whereas lizard is a carnivore.
Mulching animals:Animals that make mik like cows,goats,etc.
Arboreal animals:Animals that live on trees.
Rodents:Animals that nibble due to their evergrowing front teeth
Did You Know?
- Sheep, horses, cows, buffalo, and goats are together called farm animals as they are kept in open areas called farmlands.
- Bears go for a very long sleep in winter and do not come out of their caves.