Concept: Places Where Plants Grow
- We see a variety of plants around us.
- Plants are found everywhere in the environment—on land, in water, on mountains, etc.
- Based on the location where the plants grow, they have certain unique features
Plants growing in the mountains:
- Mountains have a cold climate, where frequent snowfall occurs.
- The trees and plants found in mountainous areas have conical shapes.
- This conical shape helps shed snow that settles down on the leaves and branches.
- Plants have needle-shaped or long leaves, which help reduce water loss from the leaves.
- These plants have deep roots.
Examples:Examples:Deodar, Oak, Maple, Cedar.
Plants growing in deserts:
- Plants that are found in deserts have fleshy stems.
- These fleshy stems help them store water later used during water scarcity.
- Their roots move deep inside the soil to absorb water.
- Their leaves get modified into spines so that water is not lost through them.
Examples:Cactus, Babool, Palm tree.
Plants growing on plains:
- Plains receive enough amount of rainfall which helps the plants grow well.
- Plants growing on plains are usually large, with a big crown and strong branches.
Examples:Mango, Gulmohar, Banyan, Sheesham, Neem.
Plants growing in water:
- Plants are either found floating on water or are submerged in it.
- These plants have leaves coated with a waxy substance that does not allow water to settle on the leaves.
- They do not have too deep roots as they are in contact with water and can absorb water directly.
Examples:Lotus, Water lily, Water lettuce, Hydrilla
Plants growing in coastal areas:
- Areas that are located near the seas and oceans are called coastal areas. The weather in these areas is hot and humid.
- Plants growing there can tolerate saline soil and are usually taller than plants growing in other regions.
- The plants have scaly leaves with thick coatings, which help decrease water loss.
Humid: The presence of water vapour in the air
Submerged: Present inside water
Scarcity: When something is not obtained in sufficient amounts
Did You Know?
- A banyan tree can live for 200-300 years.
- Trees on mountains have cones instead of flowers.
- Trees generally shed their leaves in winters, but some evergreen trees do not shed their leaves at all.
- Some cactus have poisonous thorns that protect them from being eaten by animals.
- Venus Fly Trap and Pitcher plants are carnivorous and can eat small insects.