Places Where Plants Grow - Orchids The International School
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Plants

Concept: Places Where Plants Grow

  • We see a variety of plants around us.
  • Plants are found everywhere in the environment—on land, in water, on mountains, etc.
  • Based on the location where the plants grow, they have certain unique features

Plants growing in the mountains:

  • Mountains have a cold climate, where frequent snowfall occurs.
  • The trees and plants found in mountainous areas have conical shapes.
  • This conical shape helps shed snow that settles down on the leaves and branches.
  • Plants have needle-shaped or long leaves, which help reduce water loss from the leaves.
  • These plants have deep roots.
  • Examples:Examples:Deodar, Oak, Maple, Cedar.

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Plants growing in deserts:

  • Plants that are found in deserts have fleshy stems.
  • These fleshy stems help them store water later used during water scarcity.
  • Their roots move deep inside the soil to absorb water.
  • Their leaves get modified into spines so that water is not lost through them.
  • Examples:Cactus, Babool, Palm tree.

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Plants growing on plains:

  • Plains receive enough amount of rainfall which helps the plants grow well.
  • Plants growing on plains are usually large, with a big crown and strong branches.
  • Examples:Mango, Gulmohar, Banyan, Sheesham, Neem.

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Plants growing in water:

  • Plants are either found floating on water or are submerged in it.
  • These plants have leaves coated with a waxy substance that does not allow water to settle on the leaves.
  • They do not have too deep roots as they are in contact with water and can absorb water directly.
  • Examples:Lotus, Water lily, Water lettuce, Hydrilla

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Plants growing in coastal areas:

  • Areas that are located near the seas and oceans are called coastal areas. The weather in these areas is hot and humid.
  • Plants growing there can tolerate saline soil and are usually taller than plants growing in other regions.
  • The plants have scaly leaves with thick coatings, which help decrease water loss.
  • Examples:Coconut, Palm.

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New Words:

Humid: The presence of water vapour in the air

Submerged: Present inside water

Scarcity: When something is not obtained in sufficient amounts


Did You Know?

  • A banyan tree can live for 200-300 years.
  • Trees on mountains have cones instead of flowers.
  • Trees generally shed their leaves in winters, but some evergreen trees do not shed their leaves at all.
  • Some cactus have poisonous thorns that protect them from being eaten by animals.
  • Venus Fly Trap and Pitcher plants are carnivorous and can eat small insects.
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