Sense Organs - Orchids The International School
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My Body

Concept: Sense Organs

  • Have you ever wondered how you would have listened to sounds without ears?
  • How would you smell without a nose?
  • We cannot think of our body working properly without a nose or ears.
  • These organs are as important as the other organs. Any other organs of the body cannot replace their functions.
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What are sense organs?

The organs that help us to see, smell, hear, taste, touch, and feel are called sense organs.

The five sense organs of our body are -

  • Eyes
  • Ears
  • Nose
  • Tongue
  • Skin

All these sense organs are briefly described below.

  1. Eyes:
    • We have two eyes on our faces.
    • The main function of the eye is to respond to sight.
    • What can we see with our eyes?
      • Shape and size of an object
      • Distance of an object
      • Color of an object
    • Eyes help us recognise the features of different people around us.Eyes help us recognise the features of different people around us.
    • We can see the beautiful world through our eyes
  2. Ears:
    • We have two ears located on both sides of our heads.
    • The main function of the ear is to gather sounds from the surroundings.
    • What can we hear with our ears?
      • A song that is sung or played.
      • An instruction that someone gives.
      • A bird chirping.
      • Loud Music.
    • We can recognise the different sounds and languages spoken around us with the help of our ears.
    • Some sounds are pleasant to our ears, whereas some are not.
    • The sounds which are too loud and unpleasant to hear are called noise.
  3. Nose:
    • We have one nose located between our eyes.
    • The main function of the nose is to identify different smells.
    • What can we smell through the nose?
      • The fragrance of a flower.
      • The aroma of spices and cooked food.
      • The smell of raw fish.
      • The smell of garbage.
    • Different objects have different smells.
    • We should not smell unknown things as some unwanted substance may enter our body through the nose.
    • With the help of our noses, we can distinguish between good and bad smells.

  4. Tongue:
    • We have one tongue in our mouth.
    • The function of the tongue is to help us get a variety of tastes.
    • What can we taste through the tongue?
      • Our tongue is specialised in identifying sweet, sour, salty, and bitter tastes.
      • We can identify sweet ice cream or sour lemon with the help of our tongue.
  5. Skin:
    • Skin covers our whole body.
    • It is the largest organ of our body.
    • Skin is specialised in the sense of touch.
    • What can we feel through the skin?
      • Any hot or cold object.
      • Any rough or smooth surface.
      • Any hard or soft thing.

Taking care of our sense organs:

Sense organs are sensitive and delicate parts of our body. Hence, one should take care of them properly.

  1. Eyes:
    • We should not rub our eyes very often and keep sharp objects away from them.
    • Eyes must be washed with water from time to time.
    • Watching TV too much or from a close distance may affect our eyesight.
    • One should eat a lot of yellow fruits like papaya, mango, etc., and iron-rich vegetables like spinach to keep our eyes healthy.
  2. Ears:
    • We should not put unwanted or pointy objects in our ears.
    • They should be cleaned by an adult using a cotton plug.
  3. Skin:
    • Our skin acts as a guard of our body.
    • One should take regular baths to keep the skin healthy and clean.
    • In case of injury, one should get it treated quickly to prevent infection and damage to the skin.
    • One should not scratch the skin with nails or sharp objects.

New Words:

Infection:The entry of a disease-causing organism into the body.

Organ:It is a structure made of a group of a different tissues that perform a specific function in our body.


Did you know?

  • The nose of dogs works far better than us. They can identify a person from a long distance.
  • Elephants' ears are very sensitive, and they can hear the faintest sounds in the jungle.
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