Food Sources-Food from plants and Animals | Class 1 | Learning Concepts
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Food

Food Where Does It Come From for Class 1 Science

Various components of food help perform different functions in our body. This concept will introduce the learners to food and its sources.

After reading the concept, students will be able to:

  • Give examples of food from plants and food we get from animals.
  • State what is processed food.
  • Mention different methods of food preservation.

Here, students will understand the meaning of the term ‘edible’. They would be able to state examples for—

  • Edible leaves
  • Edible stem
  • Edible flowers
  • Edible roots
  • Edible seeds

Each concept is explained to class 1 students using descriptions, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.
Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept Food where does it come from provided in PDF format.

Anything which gives us energy to do work is called food. The two main sources of food are—plants and animals.

Food from plants_Food we get from animals

1. Raw Food Items We Get from Plants:

We get raw fruits and vegetables from plants. Some of these are eaten raw, and some are cooked before eating.

  1. Fruits:
    Food from plants_Fruits name
  2. Vegetables:
    Food from plants_Fruits name

Other Food Items We Get from Plants

  1. Grains:
    ood from plants_whole grain
  2. Oil:
    • Oil is obtained by pressing the plant seeds.
    • Examples:

      • Mustard oil is obtained from mustard seeds.
      • Groundnut oil from groundnut seeds.
      • Castor oil from castor seeds.
    • Other seeds that are used to obtain oil are olive, almond, sunflower, coconut, etc.
    Food from plants_Edible oil

Edible parts of plants:

a) Edible Leaves :

Food from plants_Edible leaves

b) Edible stem:

Food from plants_Edible stem

c) Edible flower:

Food from plants_Edible flowers

d) Edible root:

Food from plants_Edible Roots

e) Edible seeds:

  • All pulses we eat are seeds.
  • Examples:

      Moong, gram, rajma, etc.

f) Edible Fruits:

  • The fruits we get from plants like orange, mango, guava, and grapes are all edible.
  • Moreover, vegetables like tomato, brinjal, ladyfinger, beans, etc. are born as fruits of their respective plants.
Food from plants_Edible fruits

ii) Processed Food from Plants:

  • The food we get from the plant is consumed directly or converted into different food items before consumption.
  • Such items are called processed food.

Examples:

  • Bread is made with wheat.
  • Idli is made with rice.
  • Potato chips are made using potatoes.
  • Fruit juices are made using fruit pulp.
  • Jams and jellies are made with fruit pulp mixed with sugar.
Food from plants_what is processed food

2. Food from Animals:

Food we get from animals

i) Processed Foods from Animals:

Food we get from animals_what is processed food

3. Storage of Food:

  • It is necessary to store edible items properly
  • Improper food storage may lead to the attack of germs, which makes the food unsuitable for eating.
  • Different methods are used for storing different food items. Some of them are mentioned below—

a) Freezing:

  • Storing food items in very cold conditions in a refrigerator is called freezing.
  • Food items like fruits, vegetables, raw meat, raw fish, etc., can be preserved by freezing.
Methods of food preservation_freeze

b) Drying:

  • Drying stands for the removal of water from any substance for its storage
  • Pulses, rice, wheat, chips, fish, etc., are preserved by this method.
Methods of food preservation_dry food

c) Canning:

  • Canning stands for the packing of food items in an airtight container for its storage.
  • All processed food items are stored using this method.
Methods of food preservation_canning meaning

d) Salting

  • Salt does not allow germs to grow on the food items and is used for storing them.
  • Fish, raw vegetables, and pickles are preserved by salting.

e) Adding Oil and vinegar :

  • Oil and vinegar keep the food items fresh and unaffected by germs
  • They are used for making pickles that can be consumed for many days.
Methods of food preservation_Pickles

New Words:

Edible: Anything which is suitable for eating

Energy: The capacity to do work.


Did You Know?

  • Bread slices can be kept fresh for a long time by keeping them in a tightly closed packet outside the refrigerator.
  • People used to dry various things by keeping them in sunlight in ancient days, but at present, food can be dried in minutes using modern equipment like a microwave.
  • The part of broccoli we eat is the flowers that haven’t opened.
Microwave oven_cooking
Methods of food preservation_Food where does it come from
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