Use of 'Has' and 'Have' for Class 1 | English Grammar | ORCHIDS
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Auxiliaries

Concept: Where Would You Use 'has' and 'have'?

Definition:

  • Auxiliary verbs help the main action words to describe the action. It allows us to understand who is performing the action, whether the doer of the action is singular or plural. It also shows the time the action is performed. It helps the reader to understand whether an action happened in the past or is happening in the present, or will happen in the future.
  • We use ‘has’ and ‘have’ to refer to possession, which means something belongs to you or someone else. We use ‘has’ and ‘have’ before the noun to show someone owns something in the present. The words ‘has’ and ‘have’ are auxiliary have-verbs.

Examples:

Nature-1

In these above examples, we used ‘has’ and ‘have’ after the nouns to show possession. For instance, ‘Red car’ belongs to Roshan and ‘doll’ belongs to Snehal.

How do we know when to use ‘has’ and ‘have’?

1) Uses of ‘has’:

  • The word ‘has’ is used with singular nouns (one person, animal, place, or thing-) and singular pronouns (he, she, it) to show possession.
  • We use ‘has’ when we are talking about someone or something or an action happening in the present.

Examples:

Nature-1

More examples of ‘has’:

c) He: He has to do his homework now.

d) It: It has four legs.

2) Use of ‘have’:

  • The word ‘have’ is used with plural nouns (more than one person, animal, place, or thing) and plural pronouns (we, you, they) and also with personal pronouns (I, you) to show possession.
  • It is helps the main verb when used in the sentence in the present tense.
Nature-1

Exception:

1. The word ‘have’ is used with the personal pronoun ‘I’. Even if ‘I’ is a singular pronoun, we always use ‘have’ after ‘I’.

Examples:

  1. I have a scooter.
  2. I have to go to school tomorrow.
  3. I have a lot of toys.

2. The word ‘You’ can be used both as a singular pronoun and a plural pronoun. In both cases, we always use ‘have’ after ‘you’.

Examples:

Singular ‘you’: You have long hair.

Plural ‘you’: Both of you, have a great weekend!

Nature-1
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