Clothing and Types of Shelter for Class 2 EVS
Food, shelter, and clothing are the three primary requirements of humans. The development of resources and techniques has led to considerable changes in the types of houses we see around us. The following concept will introduce the learners to different types of shelter and clothing.
After going through the concept, the learners will be able to:
- Explain the meaning and necessity of a house.
- Give examples of kutcha houses like the igloo and tent house.
- Differentiate between Kutcha house and Pucca house.
- State the purpose of building special shelters like the stilt house and igloo.
- Describe different types of clothes based on seasons.
- Give examples of summer clothes.
- Distinguish the clothes based on profession.
Each concept is explained to class 2 students using descriptions, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go
through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.
Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept Clothing and Types of Shelter in PDF format.
- Apart from the basic needs of food, air, water, shelter, and clothing are the other necessities required to have a comfortable life.
- They are essential for our safety from external factors like climate, weather, and natural calamities.
- A place that protects us from rain, storm, heat and any other natural calamity is called a shelter.
- A shelter enables us to do our daily activities efficiently. We play, sit, eat, and sleep inside our shelters. All our daily work is done inside a shelter.
- Different rooms are made in a shelter for a variety of purposes. Let us see a few of them below—
|Living room||For spending time with friends and family, watching television, reading books|
|Bedroom||For sleeping or taking rest|
|Kitchen||For making meals, keeping food items|
|Toilet and bathroom||For sanitation|
|Study room||For studying|
Types of Houses:
- There are a variety of houses around us.
- Some of us may live in a flat, or others may live in an individual bungalow.
The types of houses around us are built keeping the following factors in
- Availability of capital.
- Availability of raw materials.
- Type of weather and climate.
a) Types of Houses Based on the Raw Materials Used:
i) Kutcha House
- The house built using raw materials that do not last for a long time is called a kutcha house.
- The raw materials used are stones, mud, bamboo sticks, water, sand, etc.
ii) Pucca House
- The house built using raw materials that last for a long period is called a pucca house.
- The raw materials generally used are cement, iron rod, bricks, concrete, marble, etc.
Types of Pucca House:
- It is a large individual house.
- It has 1 to 2 floors with large windows and balconies.
- It is a single unit of a multi-storeyed building.
- It has 1 to 3 rooms with basic areas like kitchen, balcony, and washrooms.
- A duplex is a house, apartment, or flat divided into two storeys or sections.
- A duplex is more spacious as compared to a flat.
- A palace is usually a grand residence built over a large area with many rooms.
- Generally, palaces are built and owned by royal families.
- Some royal families continue to stay in their palaces. At the same time, the government has converted many of these into hotels and museums.
- A residence built at the top of a building, apartment, hotel, or tower is called a penthouse.
Types of Kutcha House:
i) Tent House:
- A tent is a temporary house built using poles and fabric.
- These are usually made for a short duration.
- It is a mobile house.
- A caravan is built by converting a vehicle into a space suitable for living by installing all the required amenities.
- It can be used for comfortable travelling.
- It is a house made of ice blocks.
- These are found in extremely cold areas.
- These are dome-shaped houses and resemble a hemisphere.
- A houseboat is also a mobile house. It is made by converting a boat into a house by installing the required amenities.
- It is generally found in areas that have large rivers or lakes.
v) Stilt House:
- Stilt houses are built in areas that receive heavy rainfall and are prone to floods.
- The houses are built on an elevated level so that waterlogging does not affect them.
- The main raw materials used are cement, bamboo, stone, and wood.
- Huts are mostly seen in rural areas.
- The roofs are constructed with hay.
- The base of a hut is made with stones and wet clay or soil.
Care and Cleanliness of Houses:
- All types of houses need to be cared for and cleaned regularly.
The following steps would help in keeping the house tidy and clean—
- Keeping all things in their proper places.
- Putting the waste in dustbins and dumping it properly.
- Brooming and mopping the house regularly.
Who Builds the Shelters?
- The local people build kutcha houses like igloos or village houses.
- They all help each other in building the house.
- The raw materials used are available in their area.
- In cities, the pucca houses are built by engineers and labourers.
- An architect plans the structure of a house, which the masons and their teams then implement.
- Similar to the shelter, clothes protect us from harsh environmental conditions such as summer heat, winter cold, and wet rainy season.
- People across the country wear different kinds of clothes based on the weather conditions.
- The clothes are made with fabrics derived from cotton, silk, wool, nylon, etc. Weavers weave the fabrics, and tailors make clothes out of them.
Types of Clothes
i) Summer Clothes:
- These clothes are meant to absorb sweat and are lightweight in nature.
- These are made of cotton as our body feels comfortable in such clothes.
ii) Winter clothing:
- These clothes keep us warm during the cold season.
- Generally made of wool, these clothes trap the heat and keep our bodies warm.
iii) Monsoon Clothing
- Monsoon is characterised by rainy days.
- Clothes used for protection from rain are generally made of synthetic fibres that dry fast.
Clothes Based on Profession:
- Some clothes are meant for specific professions.
- They are called uniforms. The uniforms give a particular identity to a person.
Capital: Money required for a particular work.
Climate: Weather conditions of a place that prevails for a long time.
Mason: One who builds houses.
Did You Know?
- Houses of mud walls keep us cool during summer and warm during winter.
- In ancient times, people covered themselves using animal skins and big leaves.