- Action words are also referred to as doing words.
- Action words tell us about the action that is done by the noun in the sentence.
The action word or verb in the above sentence is ‘running’ and it tell us what action Ram is doing.
The action word or verb here is ‘eats’ and it tells what the dog is doing.
Types of Verbs
- Action Verb
- The boy sings.
- The dog barks.
- The snake crawls.
- Helping Verb
- Linking Verb
- The sun is bright.
- This stone is very hard.
Action verbs are used to talk about the action performed in the sentence. Such verbs express the action an animal, a person or a thing does. This verb is also known as the main verb.
Helping verbs are those that help the action verb in a sentence. A helping verb is written just before the action verb.These verbs help the action verb by giving it more meaning.• In the example below, ‘are’ is the helping verb and ‘cooking’ is the action verb.
She is hiding inside the tree house.
In the example above, ‘is’ is the helping verb and ‘hiding’ is the action verb.
Linking verbs are the ones that talks about its link between the subject and a noun or adjective of the sentence rather than expressing an action. These words only link nouns with adjective or other nouns.
The words are the same as helping verbs but they are not used with action verbs.
In the first sentence, ‘sun’ is the subject, ‘is’ is the linking verb, and ‘bright’ is the adjective. The linking verb ‘is’ connects the subject ‘sun’ with the adjective ‘bright’.
In the second sentence, ‘stone’ is the subject, ‘is’ is the linking verb, and ‘hard’ is the adjective. The linking verb ‘is’ connects the subject ‘stone’ with the adjective ‘hard’.
The subject and verb in a sentence should always be same in number. If the subject of the sentence is in singular number, the verb must be singular too. In the same way, if the subject of the sentence is plural in number, the verb should also be in the plural form. Don’t get confused with this rule.
Incorrect and Correct Usage:
The first sentence is correct. The subject ‘cat’ is in singular form hence ‘is’ (verb) is also in singular form.
The second sentence is incorrect. The subject ‘cat’ is in singular form but the verb ‘are’ is in plural form.
The first sentence is correct. The subject ‘boy’ is in singular form hence ‘is’ (verb) is also in singular form. The second sentence is incorrect. The subject ‘boy’ is in singular form but the verb ‘are’ is in plural form.