Capitalization, Full stop and Question Mark - Orchids The International School
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Punctuation

Concept: Capitalization, Fullstop and Question Mark

Definition:

Punctuation refers to marks such as a full stop, comma, question mark etc. These marks are used to make the meaning of the sentence clear. They also help in separating the sentence into different parts.

Examples:

Capitalization

Capitalization means to write the first letter of a word in the capital letter and the remaining letters in lower case.

Examples:

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Seema is a smart girl.

The first letter of the word ‘Seema’ is written in the capital letter ‘S’.

Correct and Incorrect Usage:

  • Seema is a good girl.
  • seema is a good girl.

Question Mark

A question mark is a punctuation mark used in a sentence to refer to a question.

Examples:

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Where do you stay?

In the above example, the sentence ‘Where do you stay?’ is a question, so it ends with a question mark.

Correct and Incorrect Usage:

  • Where do you stay?
  • Where do you stay.

Full Stop

A full stop is a punctuation mark used to end a sentence.

Examples:

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I love to play with my cat.

In the below sentence, ‘I love to play with my cat’ is a complete sentence, so it ends with a full stop.

Correct and Incorrect Usage:

  • I love to play with my cat. 
  • I love to play with my cat   

Common Mistake:

  1. Never begin a proper noun with small letters. It should always start with a capital letter. Notice in the sentence below that the word ‘Ram’ is a proper noun. Hence it is written in capital letters no matter where it is placed in the sentence.
  2. Examples:

    • Ram is a good boy. Everybody wants to play with Ram
    • ram is a good boy. Everybody wants to play with ram   
  3. Do not use a full stop in headings and titles.
  4. Examples:

    Chapter 1: The Lion and the Cubs

    Chapter 1: The Lion and the Cubs.

  5. Use a question mark after a direct question. Do not use a question mark after an indirect question.
  6. Examples:

    • Where do you live?
    • I don’t know where you live?
    • I don’t know where you live.
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