Verb Form and Tenses: Form of the words with ‘d’ or 'ed'
The students will learn about verb tenses along with its definition and examples. They will come across tenses and their various types, which include future tense, present tense and past tense.
In this learning concept, the students will learn:
- To identify verb tenses.
- To change the tense of a word by adding d or ed.
Each concept is explained to class 2 English students using examples, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable future tense, past tense and present tense worksheets given at the end of the page.
Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept Vocabulary provided in PDF format.
Definition of Tenses
Words with ‘ed’ at the end of the word are called action words or verbs.
Verbs are words that express the action taking place in the sentence.
Tense and its types
- The tense of verb gives us an idea of the time when the action took place and whether that action is over or not.
- Tenses also tells us the time when the action took place.
- There are three types of tenses.
- The present tense is used to talk about the current state of the action.
- You are reading about the present tense.
- Kenny enjoys reading books.
- This tense speaks about the action that is happening at that moment.
- Sandra looks beautiful in her new dress.
- Rakesh cooks chicken for lunch.
- The present tense talks about habitual actions.
- It rains every day here.
- Milk is white in colour.
- The simple past tense is used to express some indefinite action or activity in the past.
- Sentences in the past tense show that the action is completed.
- There has been some time that has gone by since the statement or sentence was made.
- Mohan went to school yesterday.
- Neeta played the piano last week.
Adding ‘d’ or ‘ed’
If the word is in any other tense, adding ‘d’ or ‘-ed’ to the end of a word can change the word to the past tense.
In the first example, ‘bake’ is the present form of the word. After adding ‘d’, it becomes ‘baked’ which is in the past tense.
In the second example, ‘end’ is the present form of the word. After adding ‘ed’, it becomes ‘ended’ which is in past tense.
The simple future tense is used to express an action or activity in the future time.
- Sneha will perform a dance tomorrow.
- Nikhil will play cricket in the evening.
In the first example, Sneha’s action ‘dancing’ will happen in the future (tomorrow).
In the second example, Nikhil’s action ‘playing’ will happen in the future (evening).
If the verb is just a single syllable and there is one vowel along with a consonant at the end, then the last letter should be doubled before adding ‘-ed’. Do not forget to double the consonant to avoid spelling mistakes.