What are Pronouns and How are they Used? Definitions, Examples and Types
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Pronouns

Concept: I or Me, You or Your

Definition:

  • A pronoun is a word that is used in the place of a noun or noun phrase.
  • Pronouns can be used instead of a noun. When you want to talk about the same person or the same noun repeatedly, use pronouns instead of the noun.
  • Pronouns can refer to a noun that does not have to be named particularly.
  • Some examples of pronouns are like I, me, you, your, they, he, she, it, them, etc.
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Usage in the sentence:

Pronouns can be used from the second sentence onward after the proper noun was mentioned in the first sentence. Look at the sentence below the proper noun ‘Sam’ is written in the first sentence and the second sentence begins with a ‘she’ instead of ‘Sam’. This is how pronouns are used in place of proper nouns.

Example:

Sam was sitting in the garden. She was reading a book.

A) I or Me

Both I and me are pronouns but there is a difference in their usage in a sentence. ‘I’ is used as the subject of the sentence. Subjects are usually at the start of the sentence.

Example:

  1. I bought the vegetables from the market.
  2. I am going to school.
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‘Me’ is used as the object in the sentence. Objects are usually placed

Examples:

  • My teacher gave me a book.
  • Give me my bag.
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B) You or your

‘You’ is used to refer to a person or people the speaker is talking to. ‘You’ can be referring to a single person or more than one.

Examples:

  • I saw you in the market today.
  • The function starts at 5.30 pm. I want you to be on time.
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‘Your’ is used when describing someone’s thing or belonging. For instance, ‘your book’, ‘your food’, ‘your tiffin’, etc.

Examples:

  • Your breakfast is ready.
  • Your sister is waiting for you.
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Exceptions:

  1. Never use an apostrophe (') in pronouns. Also, pronouns like hers, ours, theirs never hold an apostrophe.
  2. Example:

    The black car is hers and the red car is ours.

    The black car is her’s and the red car is our’s.

  3. Pronouns cannot replace all the proper nouns in a composition. After the proper noun is mentioned in the first sentence, pronouns must be used from the second sentence onwards.

Examples:

Rohit was playing football this afternoon. He scored the first goal of the math.

He was playing football this afternoon. He scored the first goal of the math.

Use this mind map in your book to help you remember better.

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