Multiplication for Grade 2 | Maths Learning Concept | ORCHIDS
Job Alert : To view our Careers Page Click Here X
ORCHIDS The International School



Multiplication: Multiplication is the process of repeated addition.


Count the total number of oranges.


There are 4 oranges in each row. There are 3 rows in total.

So, we add the number 4 three times. We get:


There are total of 12 oranges.

  • Multiplication concept:

    We can write the above addition as:

    Number of oranges in each row = 4

    Number of rows = 3



    We get the same answer by addition and multiplication. So, multiplication is the way of adding the same number again and again.

  • Ways of writing multiplication:

    1. Horizontal multiplication
    2. Vertical multiplication


  • Terms used in multiplication:

    Multiplicand: The number gets multiplied by another number.

    Multiplier: The number by which another number is multiplied.

    Multiplication sign: ‘×’ is the symbol of multiplication.

    Product: The number obtained after multiplication.


    2 × 3 = 6 (Adding the number 2 three times, we get 6)

    It is read as ‘Product of 2 and 3’.

  • Properties of multiplication:

    1. When we multiply a number by 1, the product is that number itself.


      When we multiply a number by 1, we add nothing to it. So, the result will be that number itself.


      G2_5a_Multiplication_Multiply by 1

      If we write the number 8 only once. So, the addition is 8 only.

      G2_5b_Multiplication_Multiply by 1
    2. When we multiply a number by 0, the product is 0.


      When we multiply a number by 0, means we have to add that number 0 times, which indicates nothing.


      G2_6a_Multiplication_Multiply by 0

      We have to write the number 8 zero times. So, the result is the number 0 only.

      G2_6b_Multiplication_Multiply by 0
    3. Order: The product will be the same if we change the order of multiplicand and multiplier.


      G2_7a_Multiplication_Multiplication order

      If we add 3 objects 4 times, we get:

      G2_7b_Multiplication_Multiplication order

      It is represented as: 3 × 4 = 12

      If we add 4 objects 3 times, we get:

      G2_7c_Multiplication_Multiplication order

      It is represented as: 4 × 3 = 12

      After changing the order of the numbers, we get the same product.

  • Multiplication table (2 to 10)

    Every time we cannot add the numbers again and again. So, by multiplication table, we can multiply numbers easily.

    How are multiplication tables created and how can we read them?


    Let’s see 2’s table.

    G2_8_Multiplication_Multiplication 2 table

    How can we solve multiplication problems?


    G2_9a_Multiplication_Table 6 example

    Count the 6’s table till four i.e. six fours are?

    G2_9b_Multiplication_Table 6 example


    G2_10a_Multiplication_Table 5 example

    Count the 5’s table till seven i.e. five sevens are?

    G2_10b_Multiplication_Table 5 example
    G2_11_Multiplication_2 to 10 tables
G2_12_Multiplication_Did you know
G2_13_Multiplication_Mind map
  • Admission Enquiry 2022-23

    Zero Admission Fees Till 30th June 2022