 How to Read Time in Hours and Minutes?| Maths Grade 2 | ORCHIDS Reading Time in Hours and Minutes

To read time in hours and minutes first we need to understand a clock.

Clocks

A clock is a mechanical/electrical device used for measuring time. There are three hands on a clock which help in indicating hours, minutes, and seconds on a round dial of a clock.

A picture of a clock is given below. Hour Hand

• The thick and shortest hand in the clock is called the hour hand.
• It shows the hours on the clock. Minute Hand

• The thick and long hand represents the minute hand.
• It shows the minutes on the clock. Seconds hand

• The thin hand represents the second hand.
• It shows the seconds on the clock. Time in Hours

• The minute hand of the clock points to the 12.
• The hour hand of the clock points to any number of the clock.
• Then it can say the time as ‘number o’clock’.

Let us discuss with an example.

Example: Look at the clock and tell the time. Answer: The minute hand of the clock is at 12.

The hour hand of the clock is at 1. Hence, the time is 1 o’clock.

Half-past to Hour

• The hour hand is between any two numbers on the dial.
• The minute hand is pointing to the 6.
• Then it is said ‘half past the number just left to the hour hand’

Let us discuss with an example.

Example:

Look at the clock and tell the time. Answer: The minute hand is at 6.

The hour hand is between 3 and 4. Hence, it is called half past 3.

Digital Clock

A digital clock displays the time in numerical digits rather than by hands on a dial.

• Here two dots separate the hour and the minutes.
• The number which is written before the two dots denotes the hour.
• The number which is written after the two dots denotes the minutes.

Let us discuss with an example.

Example:

15 minutes to 9 will be written in the digital clock as 08:45. Also, any time can be written in this form.

Like 10 o’clock as Hour : Minutes = 10: 00

half past 12 = 12: 30

Elapsed Time

Elapsed time is the total amount of time that passes from the start of an event to its’ finish.

• Elapsed time is about how much time went by?
• There are two types of elapsed time
1. Elapsed time forward
2. Elapsed time backward

Let us explain with an example.

Example:

1. Samuel woke up at 7:00 in the morning. He brushed his teeth, ate breakfast, and got dressed for school in two hours. What time was it when Samuel gets ready for school?

Answer: Samuel gets ready for school after 2 hours from 7:00 in the morning. Therefore, he gets ready for school at 9: 00 in the morning. That is 9 o’clock.

2. Riya went to the symphony performance. The music ended at 6: 00 in the evening. Her performance continues for 1 hour. What time was her performance started?

Answer: Her performance started at 5: 00 in the evening.  • -