How to Read Time in Hours and Minutes?| Maths Grade 2 | ORCHIDS
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Reading Time in Hours and Minutes

To read time in hours and minutes first we need to understand a clock.

Clocks

A clock is a mechanical/electrical device used for measuring time. There are three hands on a clock which help in indicating hours, minutes, and seconds on a round dial of a clock.

A picture of a clock is given below.

G2_1_Reading Time_Clock

Hour Hand

  • The thick and shortest hand in the clock is called the hour hand.
  • It shows the hours on the clock.
G2_2_Reading Time_Clock Hour hand

Minute Hand

  • The thick and long hand represents the minute hand.
  • It shows the minutes on the clock.
G2_3_Reading Time_Clock Min hand

Seconds hand

  • The thin hand represents the second hand.
  • It shows the seconds on the clock.
G2_4_Reading Time_Clock Sec hand

Time in Hours

To read time in hours, follow these steps.

  • The minute hand of the clock points to the 12.
  • The hour hand of the clock points to any number of the clock.
  • Then it can say the time as ‘number o’clock’.

Let us discuss with an example.

Example: Look at the clock and tell the time.

G2_5_Reading Time_Clock

Answer: The minute hand of the clock is at 12.

The hour hand of the clock is at 1.

G2_6_Reading Time_Clock

Hence, the time is 1 o’clock.

Half-past to Hour

  • The hour hand is between any two numbers on the dial.
  • The minute hand is pointing to the 6.
  • Then it is said ‘half past the number just left to the hour hand’

Let us discuss with an example.

Example:

Look at the clock and tell the time.

G2_7_Reading Time_Clock

Answer: The minute hand is at 6.

The hour hand is between 3 and 4.

G2_8_Reading Time_Clock

Hence, it is called half past 3.

Digital Clock

A digital clock displays the time in numerical digits rather than by hands on a dial.

  • Here two dots separate the hour and the minutes.
  • The number which is written before the two dots denotes the hour.
  • The number which is written after the two dots denotes the minutes.

Let us discuss with an example.

Example:

15 minutes to 9 will be written in the digital clock as 08:45.

G2_9_Reading Time_Digital Clock

Also, any time can be written in this form.

Like 10 o’clock as Hour : Minutes = 10: 00

half past 12 = 12: 30

Elapsed Time

Elapsed time is the total amount of time that passes from the start of an event to its’ finish.

  • Elapsed time is about how much time went by?
  • There are two types of elapsed time
    1. Elapsed time forward
    2. Elapsed time backward

Let us explain with an example.

Example:

  1. Samuel woke up at 7:00 in the morning. He brushed his teeth, ate breakfast, and got dressed for school in two hours. What time was it when Samuel gets ready for school?

    Answer: Samuel gets ready for school after 2 hours from 7:00 in the morning. Therefore, he gets ready for school at 9: 00 in the morning. That is 9 o’clock.

  2. Riya went to the symphony performance. The music ended at 6: 00 in the evening. Her performance continues for 1 hour. What time was her performance started?

    Answer: Her performance started at 5: 00 in the evening.

G2_10_Reading Time_Did you know


G2_11_Reading Time_Mindmap
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