Wild, Domestic, and Farm Animals - Orchids The International School
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Concept: Wild, Domestic, and Farm Animals

  • Animals can be categorised into three types depending upon their feeding habits and shelters.
  • Some animals are reared on farms, some are kept at home for companionship, and some live in natural habitats like forests.
  • According to their place of living, animals are divided into wild, domestic, and farm animals.

Wild animals:

  • Wild animals live in deep forests and jungles
  • Flesh-eating wild animals are fierce and hunt for their food.

Food of wild animals:

  • Animals depend either on plants or other animals for food.
  • Plant-eating animals depend on grasses, shrubs, plants, and trees for their food. These animals are called herbivores.
  • The animals that depend on other animals' flesh for food and do not eat plant parts are called carnivores.
  • Some animals eat both plants and animals. They are called omnivores.
  • Examples of wild animals are as follows—

1) Lion:

  • The lion is the king of the jungle.
  • They live in dry forests and caves.
  • They hunt and eat the animals for food.
  • Lions live in groups called pride.
  • The male lion can be differentiated by a layer of hairs around the neck.

2) Tiger:

  • Tigers are known for their extra-sensitive sense organs.
  • Whiskers of a tiger can sense the slightest movements in the air.
  • They are carnivores and hunt their prey using strong paws and claws.

3) Giraffe:

  • Giraffes are plant-eating animals.
  • They are characterised by very long necks and legs.
  • They have long legs making them a fast runner.

4) Elephant:

  • Elephants are the most intelligent wild animals. Elephants are herbivorous and live in herds.
  • They have a long trunk, which is a modified nose. It helps suck the water or lift heavy things.
  • Their large ears enable them to hear the faintest sounds.
  • They have broad feet to balance their body weight.

5) Crocodile:

  • Crocodiles live both in the water as well as on the land.
  • They are generally found near water bodies like rivers and lakes.
  • Crocodiles spend most of their time in the water. Adult crocodiles hunt small mammals and birds like waterfowl.
  • They use strong jaws and sharp teeth to kill their prey

6) Deer:

  • A deer is a hoofed and herbivorous animal that lives in the jungle. .
  • They are preyed on by the animals like tigers and lions
  • They are fast runners

7) Chimpanzee:

  • The chimpanzee is an intelligent animal and resembles humans in many characteristics.
  • They are social animals and hence live in groups
  • They are herbivorous and feed on plants and their parts.

Domestic animals:

  • Domestic animals are born, raised, and trained to obtain animal products and help in physical work.
  • The process by which humans provide the animals with food and shelter and protect them against diseases and other issues is called domestication.
  • Examples of domestic animals are as follows—

1) Sheep:

  • Sheep are one of the first domesticated animals.
  • They are reared for meat and wool.
  • Sheep are kept in a protected and fenced area called sheep pens.

2) Horse:

  • Horses are kept in stables.
  • These animals are mainly used to transport goods from one place to another
  • Horses are used for riding and racing too.

3) Cattle:

  • Cows and buffaloes are called cattle.
  • These are hoofed and herbivorous animals reared for milk, meat, and other by-products like leather.
  • They are kept in cattle sheds.

4) Pig:

  • Pigs are kept in the pigsty.
  • They like to eat grains and vegetables.
  • A pig’s snout is very sensitive to food.
  • They are reared for meat.

5) Pet animals:

  • Pet animals are those who are domesticated and reared at home for companionship.
  • Examples of pet animals are dogs, rabbits, cats, birds like parrots, etc.
  • Dogs are kept in kennels and pet birds in cages.

Farm animals:

  • The animals domesticated on farms for animal products and used in activities in farming are called farm animals.
  • Farm animals are mostly kept in barn houses or sheds.
  • Hens and ducks are reared for meat and eggs.
  • Cows, buffaloes, and goats are reared for milk, meat, and skin.
  • Cattle dung is also used for the production of biogas and as manure.
  • Sheep and goats are raised for their wool, meat, and milk.
  • Oxen are bulls are used for farming activities like fetching water in rural areas, ploughing fields, etc.
  • Donkeys and Mules are reared for carrying heavy loads.
  • The animals reared on farms are also called livestock.

New Words:

Livestock: Animals reared in the agricultural lands for meat, leather, milk, and wool.

Hoofed: A solid and tough covering that protects the toes of some animals like dear, buffalo, and cow.

Whiskers: Long hairs around the muzzle of animals.

Did You Know?

  • The hair around the male lion’s neck is called mane.
  • The skin of the polar bear is actually black. The fur on its skin gives it a white colour.
  • Only hummingbirds can fly backwards.
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