Concept: Wild, Domestic, and Farm Animals
- Animals can be categorised into three types depending upon their feeding habits and shelters.
- Some animals are reared on farms, some are kept at home for companionship, and some live in natural habitats like forests.
- According to their place of living, animals are divided into wild, domestic, and farm animals.
- Wild animals live in deep forests and jungles
- Flesh-eating wild animals are fierce and hunt for their food.
Food of wild animals:
- Animals depend either on plants or other animals for food.
- Plant-eating animals depend on grasses, shrubs, plants, and trees for their food. These animals are called herbivores.
- The animals that depend on other animals' flesh for food and do not eat plant parts are called carnivores.
- Some animals eat both plants and animals. They are called omnivores.
- Examples of wild animals are as follows—
- The lion is the king of the jungle.
- They live in dry forests and caves.
- They hunt and eat the animals for food.
- Lions live in groups called pride.
- The male lion can be differentiated by a layer of hairs around the neck.
- Tigers are known for their extra-sensitive sense organs.
- Whiskers of a tiger can sense the slightest movements in the air.
- They are carnivores and hunt their prey using strong paws and claws.
- Giraffes are plant-eating animals.
- They are characterised by very long necks and legs.
- They have long legs making them a fast runner.
- Elephants are the most intelligent wild animals. Elephants are herbivorous and live in herds.
- They have a long trunk, which is a modified nose. It helps suck the water or lift heavy things.
- Their large ears enable them to hear the faintest sounds.
- They have broad feet to balance their body weight.
- Crocodiles live both in the water as well as on the land.
- They are generally found near water bodies like rivers and lakes.
- Crocodiles spend most of their time in the water. Adult crocodiles hunt small mammals and birds like waterfowl.
- They use strong jaws and sharp teeth to kill their prey
- A deer is a hoofed and herbivorous animal that lives in the jungle. .
- They are preyed on by the animals like tigers and lions
- They are fast runners
- The chimpanzee is an intelligent animal and resembles humans in many characteristics.
- They are social animals and hence live in groups
- They are herbivorous and feed on plants and their parts.
- Domestic animals are born, raised, and trained to obtain animal products and help in physical work.
- The process by which humans provide the animals with food and shelter and protect them against diseases and other issues is called domestication.
- Examples of domestic animals are as follows—
- Sheep are one of the first domesticated animals.
- They are reared for meat and wool.
- Sheep are kept in a protected and fenced area called sheep pens.
- Horses are kept in stables.
- These animals are mainly used to transport goods from one place to another
- Horses are used for riding and racing too.
- Cows and buffaloes are called cattle.
- These are hoofed and herbivorous animals reared for milk, meat, and other by-products like leather.
- They are kept in cattle sheds.
- Pigs are kept in the pigsty.
- They like to eat grains and vegetables.
- A pig’s snout is very sensitive to food.
- They are reared for meat.
5) Pet animals:
- Pet animals are those who are domesticated and reared at home for companionship.
- Examples of pet animals are dogs, rabbits, cats, birds like parrots, etc.
- Dogs are kept in kennels and pet birds in cages.
- The animals domesticated on farms for animal products and used in activities in farming are called farm animals.
- Farm animals are mostly kept in barn houses or sheds.
- Hens and ducks are reared for meat and eggs.
- Cows, buffaloes, and goats are reared for milk, meat, and skin.
- Cattle dung is also used for the production of biogas and as manure.
- Sheep and goats are raised for their wool, meat, and milk.
- Oxen are bulls are used for farming activities like fetching water in rural areas, ploughing fields, etc.
- Donkeys and Mules are reared for carrying heavy loads.
- The animals reared on farms are also called livestock.
Livestock: Animals reared in the agricultural lands for meat, leather, milk, and wool.
Hoofed: A solid and tough covering that protects the toes of some animals like dear, buffalo, and cow.
Whiskers: Long hairs around the muzzle of animals.
Did You Know?
- The hair around the male lion’s neck is called mane.
- The skin of the polar bear is actually black. The fur on its skin gives it a white colour.
- Only hummingbirds can fly backwards.