Hygiene and Safety
Concept: Cleanliness and Healthy Habits
- A clean environment stands for an environment that is free from dirt, foul smells, garbage, etc.
- Cleanliness is necessary for leading a healthy life.
Need for cleanliness:
- A clean environment helps us remain disease free. Germs of diseases like jaundice, typhoid, and malaria grow on dirt and litter.
- A clean environment promotes a better mental and physical state of well-being.
- A clean environment around us brings positivity and calmness.
a) Cleanliness in the house:
The following habits can keep our houses clean—
- Using a dustbin for throwing litter and garbage.
- Separating the wet and dry waste and dumping it properly.
- Washing our hands immediately after entering the house.
- Keeping all things in their proper places.
- Regular booming, mopping and dusting the house.
- Flushing the toilet after every use. Regular booming, mopping and dusting the house.
- Not wetting the bathroom floor unnecessarily
b) Cleanliness at school and playground:
The following habits can keep our schools and playgrounds clean:
- Not throwing litter around.
- Picking dry leaves and unwanted objects from open grounds and dumping them in dustbins.
- Not throwing the wrappers of the packed food items anywhere apart from the dustbins.
- Flushing the toilets after use.
It includes the cleanliness of our bodies. Personal hygiene ensures a clean and healthy body and boosts our mental well-being.
Let us see how we can maintain our personal hygiene—
- Bathing regularly.
- Brushing the teeth twice a day.
- Trimming our nails properly.
- Wearing washed clothes always.
- Combing the hair every day.
- Ensuring the proper use of the toilet.
- Covering the nose and mouth while sneezing.
- Washing hands before and after every meal.
It will keep germs and foul odours away from our bodies.
It will keep our teeth protected from cavities and germs.
Our nails get filled with dirt when they are too long. This dirt, if ingested while eating, can make us fall ill. So, we should trim our nails from time to time.
Unwashed clothes may lead to skin rashes and itches, and bad smells.
It is necessary to oil as well as comb our hair to keep them healthy and dust-free.
Unclean toilet attracts germs which may cause infections. Many people use it; hence it is vital to use it properly.
It prevents the spread of germs that come out of our mouth and nose while sneezing.
We must wash our hands with soap and water before and after every meal as it prevents germs from entering our bodies while eating.
Making the mind healthy:
It is equally important to keep our mind healthy along with our body.
The following habits can help us to keep our minds healthy—
- Doing meditation and a few simple yoga asanas as a regular part of life.
- Doing an activity for recreation every day, like playing outdoors, painting, gardening, or taking a walk in a park.
- Keeping ourselves away from too much screen time.
- Habits are an essential part of the routine we follow on a daily basis.
- Practising healthy habits is necessary for a healthy mind and body.
Common bad habits and their ill effects:
- Biting the nails:Our hands come in contact with various things daily. Biting nails expose us to different disease-causing germs.
- Spitting in public areas:By spitting in public, we expose everybody around us to bodily fluids that may have germs. It also makes our surroundings dirty
- Not washing our hands before and after meals:It allows disease-causing germs to enter our body and may make us sick.
Practising good habits:
Let us see some good habits we should practice daily for our physical, mental, and moral growth.
- Taking care of elders at home and spending time with them.
- Being part of the spiritual rituals in our homes allows us to know about our culture and keep our minds stable.
- Spending some time outside with nature. It can be in a park, on open ground, near a lake, garden, etc.
- Reading good books.
- Following the instructions of our elders. They know better as they are experienced.
- Greeting the elders respectfully. It allows us to interact with the elders happily and cheerfully
Screen time: Time spent watching TV, playing video games, i.e., doing activities which need an electronic screen.
Recreation: Activities that are unrelated to work or studies are generally done for enjoyment.
Spiritual: Something related to religious beliefs.
Did You Know?
- Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was announced by our Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, on 2nd October, 2014 to honour the vision of Mahatma Gandhi. It is a cleanliness campaign aimed at proper waste management.
- On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti, cleanliness drives are conducted in different parts of the country. This initiative has made people aware of the need and importance of cleanliness.