Clouds and rainfall | Learning concepts
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Water

Concept: Clouds and Rain

Clouds:

The clouds we see in the sky are nothing but a large collection of tiny droplets of water floating in the air. The clouds move in the sky with the help of wind and are also responsible for rainfall.

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Rainfall:

In a cloud, tiny water droplets come together along with other droplets to form larger drops of water. As a result, the drops of water become too heavy to stay in the cloud. They fall on the earth’s surface as rain.

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Rainfall occurs in almost every place on the earth. However, for various reasons, some places on the earth receive a huge amount of rainfall and some do not receive rainfall for years.

What happens when it rains?

  • Animals, plants, humans eagerly wait for the rainy season.
  • Before the rain starts, the wind starts to blow rapidly; trees start swaying, big and grey clouds come closer.
  • Lightning flashes across the sky, and the rumbling of clouds can be heard as well.
  • As the rain starts, our surroundings come alive; all the streams and rivers start gushing with water, the trees become greener, and the weather becomes pleasant.
  • When the rain stops and the sky gets clear, we see the colourful rainbow in the sky!
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Difficulties faced during the rainy season:

  • When it rains heavily for many days, it creates some problems.
  • Heavy rains cause floods in the villages that destroy people’s houses, farming lands and other belongings. Also, trees, roads, electric poles get damaged. Animals get lost. Massive destruction takes place.
  • People in the cities also face problems during the rainy season, such as waterlogging, frequent accidents due to slippery roads, increased traffic, etc.
  • Flood water also creates health hazards.
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Importance of rainfall:

  • The rainy season is a happy time for both plants and animals as they get sufficient water for their survival.
  • Human beings too look forward to the rainy season as the rainwater is important for carrying out all the agricultural activities.
  • Plants take in the water that has seeped underground through their roots.
  • Animals go to the nearby waterbodies in search of water.

New Words

Lightning:It is a flash of light that is seen in the sky and produced due to a thunderstorm.

Rainbow:When the sun shines after rainfall, an arc of colours is seen in the sky, which is called a rainbow. The arc consists of seven colours—violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange, and red.

Did You Know?

  • Petrichor is the word for the earthy smell that comes after the first raindrops pour on the dry soil.
  • There are three types of rain clouds—cirrus, stratus and cumulus.
  • The driest place on earth is the continent of Antarctica.
  • The highest amount of rainfall in a day ever recorded in India was in Mawsynram, Meghalaya.
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