Different Modes of Transportation - Orchids The International School
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Travel and Work

Concept: Different Modes of Transportation

Need for travel:

Moving from one place to another is called travelling. People travel for the following reasons—

  • In search of jobs, educational and medical facilities.
  • Meeting family and friends.
  • Going for trips and vacations.

Modes of transport:

The different modes of transport are mentioned below—

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a) Road transport:

  • Road transport comprises the means of transport that move on roads.
  • Early means of such a mode of transport were animal carts like bullock carts, horse carts, camel carts, etc.
  • Nowadays, land transport includes cars, scooters, buses, bicycles, motorbikes, etc.
  • Road transport can be classified based on the number of wheels.
  • Two-wheelers vehicles; examples: scooters, bicycles and motorbikes.
  • Three-wheelers vehicles; examples: auto-rickshaw.
  • four-wheelers vehicles; examples: cars, small trucks, etc.
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b) Rail transport:

  • Rail transport involves a railway track, a series of iron bars laid on the ground.
  • In this mode of transportation, the vehicle runs on railway tracks.
  • Examples: Steam engines, bullet trains, electric engines, monorails, metro trains etc.

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c) Water transport:

  • Water transport comprises the means of transport that move on water.
  • It is also one of the earliest means of transport as people used to travel from one place to another via ships and boats.
  • Examples: Ships, boats, yachts, and ferries.

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d) Air transport:

  • It is the fastest and most expensive means of transportation
  • Such a mode of transport does not require any track, road, or water.
  • They are specialised in floating in the air based on the navigation of directions.
  • Examples: aeroplanes, jet planes, hot air balloons, helicopters, etc.

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Special vehicles:

These are vehicles that are used for specific purposes

a) Tractor:

  • The tractor is a farm vehicle.
  • It is used for agricultural practices like tilling, sowing seeds, etc.
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b) Ambulance:

  • It is a vehicle used to transport sick or injured people to the hospital.
  • It is usually white in colour with a big red cross on its front that makes it different from other regular vehicles.
  • An ambulance is equipped with a first aid kit and essential medicines.
  • It has a siren that is used to alert the traffic on the road.
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c) Fire engine:

  • It appears like a truck and has a red-coloured body.
  • It is equipped with all the things required to tackle a fire accident.
  • A fire engine has a characteristic siren that distinguishes it from other vehicles.
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d) Police car:

  • It looks like a jeep and is generally white in colour with a siren in front.
  • It is used by police personnel for patrolling and chasing criminals
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e) Racing car:

  • These are high-speed cars used for car racing events.
  • The drivers for these cars are trained specially.
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f) Goods train:

  • These trains are used to carry goods from one place to another.
  • They generally have a greater number of wagons so that the goods can be transported in large quantities.
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g) Battle tank:

  • Battle tanks are fighting vehicles that are used in wars by the army.
  • These are specialised in moving on rough surfaces.
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h) Road roller:

  • Such a vehicle is seen on road construction sites.
  • It is used for pressing the layers of materials used to make roads.
  • It is generally yellow in colour with huge heavy wheels in the front.
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i) School bus:

  • The vehicle specifically used to transport children to school from their homes and vice versa is a school bus.
  • It is usually yellow in colour, so that it can be easily identified on the roads from a long distance.
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New Words:

Patrolling: Taking rounds for inspection.

Navigation: The process of directing the course of movement of a vehicle.

Siren: A device that gives off a loud sound that acts as a warning signal.


Did You Know?

  • The first train started in India 160 years back. The first passenger train ran between Bombay and Thane, which covered a distance of 34 km. Indian railways then developed a network covering a distance of around 14,500 km till 1880. This network connected the major cities like Bombay (now Mumbai), Madras (now Chennai) and Calcutta (now Kolkata).
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