Travel and Work
Concept: Different Modes of Transportation
Need for travel:
Moving from one place to another is called travelling. People travel for the following reasons—
- In search of jobs, educational and medical facilities.
- Meeting family and friends.
- Going for trips and vacations.
Modes of transport:
The different modes of transport are mentioned below—
a) Road transport:
- Road transport comprises the means of transport that move on roads.
- Early means of such a mode of transport were animal carts like bullock carts, horse carts, camel carts, etc.
- Nowadays, land transport includes cars, scooters, buses, bicycles, motorbikes, etc.
- Road transport can be classified based on the number of wheels.
- Two-wheelers vehicles; examples: scooters, bicycles and motorbikes.
- Three-wheelers vehicles; examples: auto-rickshaw.
- four-wheelers vehicles; examples: cars, small trucks, etc.
b) Rail transport:
- Rail transport involves a railway track, a series of iron bars laid on the ground.
- In this mode of transportation, the vehicle runs on railway tracks.
Examples: Steam engines, bullet trains, electric engines, monorails, metro trains etc.
c) Water transport:
- Water transport comprises the means of transport that move on water.
- It is also one of the earliest means of transport as people used to travel from one place to another via ships and boats.
Examples: Ships, boats, yachts, and ferries.
d) Air transport:
- It is the fastest and most expensive means of transportation
- Such a mode of transport does not require any track, road, or water.
- They are specialised in floating in the air based on the navigation of directions.
Examples: aeroplanes, jet planes, hot air balloons, helicopters, etc.
These are vehicles that are used for specific purposes
- The tractor is a farm vehicle.
- It is used for agricultural practices like tilling, sowing seeds, etc.
- It is a vehicle used to transport sick or injured people to the hospital.
- It is usually white in colour with a big red cross on its front that makes it different from other regular vehicles.
- An ambulance is equipped with a first aid kit and essential medicines.
- It has a siren that is used to alert the traffic on the road.
c) Fire engine:
- It appears like a truck and has a red-coloured body.
- It is equipped with all the things required to tackle a fire accident.
- A fire engine has a characteristic siren that distinguishes it from other vehicles.
d) Police car:
- It looks like a jeep and is generally white in colour with a siren in front.
- It is used by police personnel for patrolling and chasing criminals
e) Racing car:
- These are high-speed cars used for car racing events.
- The drivers for these cars are trained specially.
f) Goods train:
- These trains are used to carry goods from one place to another.
- They generally have a greater number of wagons so that the goods can be transported in large quantities.
g) Battle tank:
- Battle tanks are fighting vehicles that are used in wars by the army.
- These are specialised in moving on rough surfaces.
h) Road roller:
- Such a vehicle is seen on road construction sites.
- It is used for pressing the layers of materials used to make roads.
- It is generally yellow in colour with huge heavy wheels in the front.
i) School bus:
- The vehicle specifically used to transport children to school from their homes and vice versa is a school bus.
- It is usually yellow in colour, so that it can be easily identified on the roads from a long distance.
Patrolling: Taking rounds for inspection.
Navigation: The process of directing the course of movement of a vehicle.
Siren: A device that gives off a loud sound that acts as a warning signal.
Did You Know?
- The first train started in India 160 years back. The first passenger train ran between Bombay and Thane, which covered a distance of 34 km. Indian railways then developed a network covering a distance of around 14,500 km till 1880. This network connected the major cities like Bombay (now Mumbai), Madras (now Chennai) and Calcutta (now Kolkata).