Sharing Our Feelings
Concept: Life of a Disabled Person
Meaning of disability:
- The physical or mental condition that limits a person's sense, movements, or ability is called disability.
- A disability may be due to bodily injury or by birth.
- Disability in a person may vary based on the part of the body affected.
Types of disabilities:
- Mental disability: Any disability which affects the mind of a person and results in affecting the person’s ability to think, react, make decisions, and communicate is called a mental disability.
- Physical disability
- A disability that affects a person's body part and restricts movement or its use is called a physical disability.
- Some physical disabilities are present in certain individuals by birth.
- Disabilities due to age:
- As the age of a person increases, the efficiency with which our body parts work decreases leading to specific disabilities.
- Disability in vision:
- A person who cannot see is called blind.
- Complete or partial blindness may be a birth defect or due to any injury.
- Minor eye disorders can be tackled by using spectacles.
- Training for blind people:
- Touching and recognising faces.
- Counting the steps while going places.
- Using a stick while walking, called a white cane.
- Setting up their surroundings in one particular manner and making them practice identifying things at places by touching.
- Some blind people adopt trained animals for help.
- Braille for blinds:
- Braille is a script used by blind people to read.
- Louis Braille invented it in 1824.
- It is based upon the sense of touch by the fingers on the embossed paper.
- A blind person can identify the words by touching these dots embossed on the paper.
- Disability of hearing:
- The people who are not able to hear are called deaf.
- The disability of hearing can be because of an accident or by birth.
- Minor hearing disorders can be managed using a hearing aid, the major ones require surgeries, and some cannot be cured.
- Training for deaf people:
- Deaf people are not able to hear; hence they are taught the technique of lip reading and sign language.
- Also, facial expressions help them understand a few basic gestures like happiness, sadness, anger, etc.
- Disability of speaking:
Example: Autism and Down syndrome.
Example: Deafness, dumbness, muscular dystrophy, and loss of any body part.
Example: Weak eyesight, bending of backbone, etc.
Due to the inability to see, blind people are not capable of doing simple daily activities. Hence, they are taught some techniques to cope. A few of them are as follows—
- People who are not able to speak are called mute.
- Disability of speaking may vary in persons based on age and type.
- Some people have a disability in pronouncing words, which can be improved by practising.
- People who cannot speak at all is because of the damage to the part of the brain that regulates speech.
- Training for mute people:
- Mute people are trained to communicate through sign language.
- People who have problems developing communication skills in the early years of growth are sent to therapies to develop their speech.
- Sign language:
- It is a language that involves different gestures to communicate meaning.
- It can be used for the development of language and also for expressing.
- It is based on gestures, facial expressions, hand signals, and body language.
- Deaf and mute people mainly use this language.
Some people are born with the improper structure of limbs, whereas some lose their limbs due to injuries or disease.
- Training of people without limbs:
- Such people are made to practice routine activities with their artificial limbs.
- Wheelchair and walking crutches are used in case of loss or dysfunction of lower limbs or legs.
- Therapies are done to restore the functioning of their motor nerves, i.e., the nerves which help in movement in case of injuries or accidents.
- As people get old, their senses and body parts lose their efficiency.
- Development of eye defects, hearing impairment, and joint pain are some of the common disabilities found in aged people.
- Due to old age, the efficiency of the body cannot be improved as in young people but can be taken care of by keeping the following things in mind—
- Providing a healthy diet and happy environment to older people.
- Regular doctor visits and medications when required.
- Including regular exercises like walking and yoga in the daily routine.
- The literal meaning of the Paralympic is “The Parallel Olympic Games”.
- This Olympic event is for disabled sportspersons.
- Paralympics host twenty-two sports events during summer and six sports events during winter.
- The athletes with some physical and/or intellectual disabilities participate in the Paralympic Games.
- The First Paralympic Games started in Italy in 1960.
- Some of the games in the Paralympic are as follows—
|Wheelchair tennis||Para sprint race||Para powerlifting|
|Para gymnastic||Para ice hockey||Wheelchair archery|
|Para-badminton||Wheelchair fencing||Wheelchair basketball|
Helping people with disabilities:
- People who are disabled should be treated with sympathy and patience.
- They should not be ignored or excluded from social gatherings.
- Children with special needs should be sent to special schools.
- Extra facilities or treatment required for making their life easy should be selected.
Medications: Medicines or ointments used for specific injuries or to treat diseases.
Impairment: The loss of ability to do something.
Intellectual disabilities: Related to mental disabilities.
Therapy: A treatment used to heal a disorder.
Did You Know?
- Hellen Keller is a very well-known author and speaker. She went blind and deaf in her early childhood.
- She is known for developing extraordinary skills for communicating with people.
- With her writings, she changed the perception of people toward the deaf and blind community.
- Some of her famous books are ‘The story of my life’, ‘Light in my darkness’, and ‘Three days to see’.