Means of Communication for Class 3 | EVS | Learning Concept | ORCHIDS
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Concept: Modes of Communication

What is communication?

  • Communication involves the transfer of thoughts, emotions, and information between people.
  • It can be verbal, written, or through gestures and expressions.
  • Communication can be done between individuals or groups of people.

Types of communication:

  1. Verbal communication:
    • The communication which involves the exchange of words in oral or written form is called verbal communication.
    • It can be through a letter, message, email, postcard, speech, books, voice message, etc.
  2. Non-verbal communication:
    • Communication that does not involve the exchange of words is called non-verbal communication.
    • It takes place through posters, paintings, gestures, dance forms, drama, colours, and pictures.

Ancient means of communication:

Earlier communication systems were not developed. Hence, the following means of communication were used—messenger pigeons, smoke signals, telegraph, etc.


Means of communication:

Communication occurs by three means:

  1. Mass communication:
  2. Communication that takes place between a group of people at the same time is called mass communication.

    It can take place by the following means—

  3. Telecommunication:
  4. Communication that takes place over a distance using various means is called telecommunication. It can take place by the following modes—

    1. Telegram:
      • A message sent using a telegraph is called a telegram.
      • Telegram was used in ancient times for quick delivery of messages.
      • These messages were directly sent via electrical signals and devices to the destined places.
      • Presently, telegrams are not used anymore.
    2. Telephone:
      • It is an instrument to send and receive signals in the form of a voice.
      • It was invented by Alexander Graham Bell between 1876-1877.
    3. Mobile phone:
      • A mobile phone is a device used to communicate with people in different corners of the world.
      • It can be carried to various places, unlike telephones.
      • Earlier mobile phones provided only the facility of voice calls and text messages, but with the advancement in technology, mobile phones now provide various facilities like email, voice messages, video calls, etc.
    4. Computer and internet:
      • The computer is a digital electronic machine designed to perform various functions.
      • Internet stands for International Network, which connects countries all over the globe.
      • Using a computer, the internet can send emails, text messages, video calls, etc.
      • The computer also helps us access various content available on the internet that is used for collecting information and pictures.
    5. Satellite phones:
      • A satellite phone works like a mobile phone. It can connect with mobile phones or telephones with the help of artificial satellites orbiting around the Earth.
      • It does not depend on the terrestrial cell sites for communication.
  5. Postal communication:
    • The communication done by exchanging items with the help of postal services is called postal communication.
    • A postal service is a system that sends letters, postcards, parcels, money, couriers, etc., from one place to another.
    • It requires senders’ and receivers’ addresses.
    1. Letter:
      • It is a written, typed, or printed document sent in an envelope with the help of postal services.
      • Inland letters and postcards are two different types of letters.
      • Nature-1
        1. Journey of a letter:
        2. Nature-1
    2. Courier and parcel services:
      • Courier and parcel services transfer small goods and other items from one place to another.
      • Courier and parcel services provide door-to-door services these days, which has made the sending of goods easier.
      • The couriers and parcels collected are transported to destined places by airways, railways and roadways.

New Words:

Terrestrial: Something which is found on land.

Instrument: A device or an implement.

Satellite: It is a moon, planet or machine that orbits a planet or star.

Did You Know?

  • On February 21, 1911, India witnessed the world’s first airmail service. A French pilot flew about 10 kilometres from Allahabad to Naini using a two-seater biplane. During the flight, he carried 6500 cards and letters with him.
  • About 5200 years ago, ancient Egyptians used symbols called hieroglyphs. They used these symbols to write on stone and metal tablets and papyrus.
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