What is nature? Its importance and components - Learning Concepts
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Nature Around Us

Conservation and Importance of Nature for Class 3 EVS

From this concept, the students will learn about the importance of nature in our life.

After reading the concept, students will be able to:

  • Know about various components of environment.
  • Analyse what is soil and the importance of water.
  • Understand what is air and the importance of sunlight.
  • Explain why conservation of natural resources is important.

Each concept is explained to class 3 students using descriptions, illustrations, and concept maps. After you go through a concept, assess your learning by solving the two printable worksheets given at the end of the page.

Download the worksheets and check your answers with the worksheet solutions for the concept of the Importance of Nature provided in PDF format.

Importance of Nature:

Nature is a marvel that gifts us lots of things. Everything we see, eat, touch, hear, or feel comes from nature.

girl in the nature
  • The water we drink comes from the water bodies in nature. The aroma of the first raindrops over the soil, the flowers, the ripened fruits, and many more things are gifts of nature to us. The food we eat also comes from nature.
sources of water and food
  • The house where we live is built using materials derived from nature—rocks, bricks, wood, cement, sand, metal, etc. Our clothes are mostly made up of natural fibres such as cotton, silk, wool, linen (flax), etc.
natural resources

Different Components Of Nature:

sources of natural resources

All these components are also called natural resources because they are found in nature and are used by people.

1) What Is Soil:

  • The soil (land) on which we live, walk, build many things is an important aspect of nature.
  • soil as a natural resource

    2) Water:

  • We require water for most of our daily activities—drinking, cleaning, bathing, cooking, etc.
  • Water is also used in farming and in different industries.
  • importance of water

    3) Sunlight:

  • All living organisms, including humans, plants, other animals, insects, etc., are directly and indirectly depend on sunlight.
  • Without the Sun, there won’t be day and night, no changes in seasons, no winds, i.e., there won’t be life on the earth.
  • importance of sunlight

    4) What Is Air:

  • Air is required for breathing.
  • Air is the gas mixture that forms the earth’s atmosphere.
  • Moving air is called wind.
  •  what is atmosphere

    5) Living Organisms:

  • All plants and animals constitute the living organisms of nature.
  • Plants and animals provide us with food.
  • living things

    Threats to Nature:

    Although nature gives us so many things to us, we damage nature to fulfil our needs like—

    • Cutting down trees.
    • Improper dumping of garbage.
    • Wastage of fuels.

    These activities cause environmental pollution, from which nature is suffering.

    threats to the environment

    Conservation of Natural resources:

    • We have overexploited nature so much that it has started punishing us with frequent floods, droughts, forest fires, and erratic rainfall.
    • To avoid these, we must take care of our surroundings. We should plant more trees in the neighbourhood and prevent the use of plastic.
    • We must throw all our garbage in proper places and reuse different materials whenever possible.

    New Words:

    • Atmosphere:

    The protective layer made of different gases around the earth is called the atmosphere. It is also further divided into many sub-layers.

    levels of atmosphere
    • Natural Resources:

    Natural resources are those that are found in nature and are used by man like air, water, light, soil, plants, animals, minerals, and fossil fuels.


    It is unhealthy to drink water coming straight from the top of the hill or mountain.

    No, as long as the water stream is clean and without any foul odour or any kind of garbage in it, it is safe to drink it during an emergency.

    spring water
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