Work in the Household and Neighbourhood - Orchids The International School
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Travel and Work

Concept: Work in the Household and Neighbourhood

  • A household includes a house with all its amenities and the people living there.
  • It involves many tasks so that a home can run smoothly.
  • Different members of the family do these tasks.
  • Sharing the load in a household makes our lives comfortable and helps us maintain a happy environment.

Works in a household:

a) Gardening:

  • It involves taking care of the plants and our garden in the house.
  • One has to do activities like tilling the soil, watering and pruning the plants, removing weeds and clearing the plant waste.
  • It can be done by both our parents or grandparents. We can also help them in the garden.

b) Cooking:

  • The skill of preparing food is called cooking.
  • Generally, the female members of the family take care of it but nowadays, the male members also participate in cooking.

c) Cleaning:

  • Maintaining cleanliness is an essential task in the household. It includes mopping, dusting, washing clothes and utensils, brooming, etc.
  • The tasks of cleaning can be shared among the family members.
  • We can also help to keep the house clean by putting our things in their proper places and not making the house dirty.

Works in a neighbourhood:

  • The neighbourhood stands for the area where we live. It includes our house and the buildings which surround it. These buildings may be either public or private properties.
  • Different people work in our neighbourhood for the smooth functioning of our society.
  • In return, they earn money to meet their daily requirements.

a) House help:

  • House help can be either male or female. They are hired to help with the daily chores of our house, like cleaning and cooking.
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b) Sweeper:

  • Sweepers are hired to maintain cleanliness in public areas like parks, malls, walking areas, bus stands, railway stations, etc.
  • While sweepers are working to keep our surroundings clean, we should also play the role of a good citizen by following specific basic rules like—
    • Not spitting in public areas.
    • Putting the garbage only in the appropriate place.

c) Postman:

  • A person who delivers our letters, parcels and couriers is called a postman.
  • The postman works at the post office.
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d) Vegetable vendor:

  • A person who sells vegetables is called a vegetable vendor or greengrocer.
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e) Tailor:

  • A person who stitches clothes using fabric is called a tailor.
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f) Cobbler:

  • A person who makes and repairs shoes is called a cobbler.
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g) Blacksmith:

  • A person who makes different things using iron is called a blacksmith.
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h) Baker:

  • A person who sells baked items like bread, cakes, cookies, etc., is called a baker.
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i) Carpenter

  • A person who makes and repairs furniture is called a carpenter.
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j) Chef:

  • A person who cooks at restaurants and hotels is called a chef.
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k) Waiter:

  • A person who takes our orders and serves meals at a hotel or restaurant is called a waiter.
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l) Mason:

  • A person who makes buildings is called a mason.
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m) Architect:

  • The person who designs a building or an apartment is called an architect.
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n) Plumber:

  • A person who installs taps, showers, flushes, and does the related repair work is called a plumber.
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o) Electrician:

  • The person who installs and repairs the electrical appliances is called an electrician
  • They also help fit the electrical wires in a building or an apartment.
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p) Sanitation workers:

  • Sanitation workers are hired to maintain the sanitation system of a city or area.
  • Their work includes the following—
    • Clearing the drains, sewer systems, and water treatment plants.
    • Fumigating the residential areas to keep a check on insects like mosquitoes and houseflies.
    • Collecting the household garbage from different locations and dumping it at the proper place.

Dignity of labour:

  • Every person in our society chooses different works based on availability, skills, and qualification.
  • We must not differentiate people based on the choice of their work. Every work should be honoured equally.
  • Every work is equally important for a community to run. Imagine what will happen if sweepers stop doing their job or the sanitation workers stop working?
  • Education makes us understand this principle, and we should treat all people equally, irrespective of their jobs.

New Words:

Fumigation: The action of cleaning an area using the fumes of chemicals.

Principle: A belief or behaviour.

Amenities: A useful equipment or facility. For example, the refrigerator is an amenity for keeping our food fresh.


Division of labour must be based on the gender of a person.

  • Works must not be distributed based on the gender of a person. Instead, they should be distributed based on interest, capability, skills, and education.
  • Earlier, females were restricted to household chores due to their lack of education.
  • But at present, education has changed the scenario and brought people on the same platform irrespective of gender.
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