Travel and Work
Concept: Work in the Household and Neighbourhood
- A household includes a house with all its amenities and the people living there.
- It involves many tasks so that a home can run smoothly.
- Different members of the family do these tasks.
- Sharing the load in a household makes our lives comfortable and helps us maintain a happy environment.
Works in a household:
- It involves taking care of the plants and our garden in the house.
- One has to do activities like tilling the soil, watering and pruning the plants, removing weeds and clearing the plant waste.
- It can be done by both our parents or grandparents. We can also help them in the garden.
- The skill of preparing food is called cooking.
- Generally, the female members of the family take care of it but nowadays, the male members also participate in cooking.
- Maintaining cleanliness is an essential task in the household. It includes mopping, dusting, washing clothes and utensils, brooming, etc.
- The tasks of cleaning can be shared among the family members.
- We can also help to keep the house clean by putting our things in their proper places and not making the house dirty.
Works in a neighbourhood:
- The neighbourhood stands for the area where we live. It includes our house and the buildings which surround it. These buildings may be either public or private properties.
- Different people work in our neighbourhood for the smooth functioning of our society.
- In return, they earn money to meet their daily requirements.
a) House help:
- House help can be either male or female. They are hired to help with the daily chores of our house, like cleaning and cooking.
- Sweepers are hired to maintain cleanliness in public areas like parks, malls, walking areas, bus stands, railway stations, etc.
- While sweepers are working to keep our surroundings clean, we should also play the role of a good citizen by following specific basic rules like—
- Not spitting in public areas.
- Putting the garbage only in the appropriate place.
- A person who delivers our letters, parcels and couriers is called a postman.
- The postman works at the post office.
d) Vegetable vendor:
- A person who sells vegetables is called a vegetable vendor or greengrocer.
- A person who stitches clothes using fabric is called a tailor.
- A person who makes and repairs shoes is called a cobbler.
- A person who makes different things using iron is called a blacksmith.
- A person who sells baked items like bread, cakes, cookies, etc., is called a baker.
- A person who makes and repairs furniture is called a carpenter.
- A person who cooks at restaurants and hotels is called a chef.
- A person who takes our orders and serves meals at a hotel or restaurant is called a waiter.
- A person who makes buildings is called a mason.
- The person who designs a building or an apartment is called an architect.
- A person who installs taps, showers, flushes, and does the related repair work is called a plumber.
- The person who installs and repairs the electrical appliances is called an electrician
- They also help fit the electrical wires in a building or an apartment.
p) Sanitation workers:
- Sanitation workers are hired to maintain the sanitation system of a city or area.
- Their work includes the following—
- Clearing the drains, sewer systems, and water treatment plants.
- Fumigating the residential areas to keep a check on insects like mosquitoes and houseflies.
- Collecting the household garbage from different locations and dumping it at the proper place.
Dignity of labour:
- Every person in our society chooses different works based on availability, skills, and qualification.
- We must not differentiate people based on the choice of their work. Every work should be honoured equally.
- Every work is equally important for a community to run. Imagine what will happen if sweepers stop doing their job or the sanitation workers stop working?
- Education makes us understand this principle, and we should treat all people equally, irrespective of their jobs.
Fumigation: The action of cleaning an area using the fumes of chemicals.
Principle: A belief or behaviour.
Amenities: A useful equipment or facility. For example, the refrigerator is an amenity for keeping our food fresh.
Division of labour must be based on the gender of a person.
- Works must not be distributed based on the gender of a person. Instead, they should be distributed based on interest, capability, skills, and education.
- Earlier, females were restricted to household chores due to their lack of education.
- But at present, education has changed the scenario and brought people on the same platform irrespective of gender.