Capitalization, Comma, Full stop and Question Mark - Orchids The International School
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Punctuation

Concept: Capitalization, Comma, Full stop and Question Mark

Why Use Punctuation?

  • Punctuation is the use of commas, capitalization, full stops, and question marks to organize sentences and understand them correctly.
  • Punctuations show the reader when is a question being asked, when to pause and when is someone excited.

Examples:

Correct:

  • Carrot, cabbage, and beetroot are winter vegetables.
  • This winter I want to visit Shimla.
  • Let’s go out, mummy.

Incorrect:

  • Carrot cabbage and beetroot are winter vegetables
  • this winter I want to visit Shimla.
  • Let’s go out mummy.
Punctuation_Examples
Punctuation Marks

Did You Know?

Did You Know_Punctuation
  1. Rules for Capital letters
    Capitals are used in case of the following occurrences :
    1. At the beginning of a sentence
    2. The first letter of a proper noun
    3. The pronoun ‘I’ should be in the capital letter always, whether in the beginning or middle of a sentence.
    4. In case of initials (Dr.) or acronyms ( USA)
  2. Rules for Full Stop (.)
    1. It is used at the end of a sentence.
    2. Example:

      I love chocolates. (Statement)
    3. The full stop is used for abbreviations if only a part of the word is used.
    4. Examples:

      Lieutenant (Lt.)
      Colonel (Col.)

  3. Rules for Question Mark (?)
    1. At the end of a direct question, a question mark is used.
    2. Example:

      Why did you go there? (Direct question)

    3. In case of an indirect question, it is not used.
    4. Example:

      I asked him why did he go there. (Indirect question)
  4. Rules for Comma (,)
    1. A comma indicates a pause in a sentence.
    2. Example:

      I liked that dress, however, it’s very costly.
    3. It is used between several items in a list.
    4. Example:

      I have ordered two pizzas, French fries, and a dessert.
    5. It is used after the salutation.
    6. Example:

      Dear Vicky,
    7. Use a comma after certain words like well, hello, etc.
    8. Example:

      Well, let’s leave now.
    pizza

Common Mistakes

  1. Using a comma between two complete sentences. Instead, break them into two sentences with a period.
  2. Example:

    • I am fond of roses. Moreover, they smell good and look beautiful.
    • I am fond of roses, moreover, they smell good and look beautiful.
  3. Using a comma after a conjunction like for, nor, and, or, but, so, yet.
  4. Example:

    • She didn’t want to eat veggies, but loved soup.
    • She didn’t want to eat veggies but, loved soup.
  5. Not using a comma after a direct address like a name or a title. If the address is in the middle of a sentence, use a comma before and after it.
  6. Example:

    Julius Caesar, the dictator of the Roman Empire, won many battles in his time.

    Julius Caesar the dictator of the Roman Empire won many battles in his time.

    In the given example, the title ‘the dictator of the Roman Empire’ was a title given to the general Julius Caesar of the Roman Empire.

Mindmap for Punctuation
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