What are Coordinating Conjunctions?| Grade 3 English | ORCHIDS
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Conjunctions

Concept: Coordinating Conjunctions

Definition

  • Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two sentences. It can be used to join nouns, verbs, adjectives, phrases, adverbs, and clauses.
  • Coordinating conjunctions are as follows: and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet.
  • They are important while creating compound sentences or when expressing different ideas.
  • Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two nouns or two verbs in a sentence.
  • Use a simple sentence after the coordinating conjunction to make a compound sentence.
  • Avoid using a coordinating conjunction to begin every sentence. Use only when it is more effective to express your ideas.
  • Add a comma before every coordinating conjunction.
  • Example:

    My dog jumped on me,and I dropped the paintbrush. I had to clean the floor,for I had to resume my painting.

Uses of Coordinating Conjunctions

Let us have a look at what each coordinating conjunction is used for:-

a. for – used between two independent sentences to explain a purpose.

Example:

I went to bed early, for I was not feeling well.
b. and – used to join two nouns, two adjectives, two verbs, two phrases, or two independent sentences. This is one of the most commonly used coordinating conjunctions in the English Language.

Example:

Ramesh planned to go out and have a lot of fun.
c. nor – It is used to join two negative ideas together. The two sentences it connects could express different negative thoughts.

Example:

Sunil didn’t eat pizza nor did he allow his friend to eat burgers.
d. but – used to denote contrast between two sentences or words or ideas.

Example:

She is shy, but her sister is bold.
e. or – used to express a choice. It usually connects positive ideas.

Example:

Eat now, or you will have to stay hungry for long.
f. yet – it is used to present an opposite idea that logically follows the previous idea.

Example:

I warned you, yet you went there.
g. yet – It is used to show a result or effect or consequence from an action in the earlier part of the sentence.

Example:

The shop was closed so we visited the supermarket.

Common Mistakes

  1. Do not overuse the conjunction ‘and’. Avoid connecting every sentence with it. Use ‘and’ only to add information.
  2. Choose other words to indicate relations:

    • Use ‘but’ to show contrast.
    • Use ‘so’ to denote a result.
    • Use ‘for’ to indicate a cause.
  3. Do not forget to use a comma with coordinating conjunctions.

Example:

She usually studies in her room, but when it gets disturbing, she goes to a cafe.

She usually studies in her room but when it gets disturbing, she goes to a cafe.

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