Concept: Find the pair of Antonyms
- Antonyms are words that are opposite in meaning. It refers to a word that is totally different from the other.
- Antonyms help to describe things better.
What are Antonyms?
- An antonym can change the meaning of a sentence or a word. Notice in the sentence given below a pair of antonyms, happy and sad, have been used. It has changed the sentences through the emotions mentioned.
- A word may have more than one antonym, which means there can be many words that can be opposites to one word.
I thought on hearing the joke, she was happy; however, she became sad after watching the movie.
The following are antonyms of the word ‘good’: bad, evil, wicked, and horrible.
The word ‘good’ can be a noun or an adjective; thus, its antonyms are a combination of adjectives and nouns.
How are Antonyms Formed?
- Antonyms are also formed by adding a prefix to a word. These prefixes include ‘mis, dis, un, im, in’.
- Antonyms are also formed by ending a word with a suffix. The adjectives that end with the suffix – ‘ful’ are replaced by the suffix – ‘less’ to make an antonym.
How do you Find Antonyms in a Sentence?
Check for signal words as they are clues that can help to identify antonyms. These words are ‘not’, ‘but’, ‘unlike’, ‘yet’, ‘different from’, ‘however’, ‘even though’, ‘although’, ‘opposed to’, and ‘in contrast’.
Observe these signal words in the examples given below and look at how these words can be used with antonyms.
- Although Ranbir should be asleep, he is awake.
- If you throw the packet, I can catch it.
- Kiran was a coward, but his sister was brave.
- My baby brother was tired in the morning but energetic at night.
- Do not confuse synonyms with antonyms.
- Synonyms are words that mean exactly or almost the same as another word.
- Antonyms are words that mean exactly the opposite of that word.