What are the types of Gender Nouns? | Learning Concepts
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Concept: Gender


Nouns like a person or thing or animal can be classified into gender.

  • There are four types of gender: Masculine, feminine, common and neuter.
  • They can be singular or plural.

Types of Gender Nouns

For a better understanding of gender nouns, it is better to study the types.

  1. Masculine Gender
  2. The names that are given to men and boys are classified as masculine gender.


  3. Feminine Gender
  4. Name given to women, female animals, and girls are classified as feminine gender.


  5. Common Gender:
  6. A noun given to either a female or a male, which is commonly used for both feminine and masculine gender, is called a common noun. Words like a parent, friend, child, servant, enemy, thief, cousin, baby, student, writer, teacher, etc.


  7. Neuter Gender:
  8. A noun that refers to a lifeless thing that cannot be classified as feminine or masculine gender.

    Examples: pen, book, room, tree, house, box, butter, bread, chair Chalk, table, etc.


Difference Between Masculine and Feminine Nouns

  1. The feminine noun is formed by adding -ess at the end.
  2. Examples:

    1. host — hostess
    2. waiter — waitress
    3. actor — actress
  3. Certain gender nouns have a different word form which shows a change in spelling. For instance, ‘man’ is the masculine gender noun and ‘woman’ is the feminine gender noun. There is a change in spelling.
  4. Examples:

    1. uncle — aunt
    2. bull — cow
    3. Rooster— Hen
    4. brother — sister
    5. nephew —niece
  5. A gender marker is sometimes used when a given task is expected to be female or male.
  6. Examples:

    1. a nurse - a male nurse
    2. a driver – a woman driver

Common Mistakes:

When writing about unknown gender using the third person pronoun, avoid using he/she, his/her. Instead, use ‘their’ or ‘they’ as the preferred pronoun.


Each person must analyse his/her contribution to the team.

Each person must analyse their contribution to the team.

Anybody who claims he/she is medically fit for undergoing this adventure must get a fitness certificate from his/her doctor.

Anybody who claims they are medically fit to undergo this adventure must get a fitness certificate from their doctor.


When names of countries are used as a geographical unit, it is considered the neuter gender.

However, when it is used as personified objects or economic units, they are sometimes considered as feminine gender based on the context they are used in; hence feminine pronouns are used with them.


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