Helping Verbs and Their Forms | Grade 3 English | ORCHIDS
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Verbs

Helping Verbs for Class 3 English

Helping verbs add information to the main verb and are required to complete the structure of a sentence. In this concept students will be able to learn the definition, examples and difference between helping verb and main verb.

In this concept the students will learn to:

  • Give the helping verbs list with examples.
  • Form helping verbs like ‘to do’, ‘to be’ and ‘to have’.
  • List the types of auxiliary verbs or helping verbs

This concept for class 3 explains the topic using mind maps, illustrations and examples. Students can test their understanding by trying to solve helping verbs exercises given at the end of the page. These helping verbs worksheet and their solutions that have been provided in the PDF format.

Definition

  • A helping verb is a verb that is used with a main verb. It helps the main verb to show the actions of the subject.
  • A helping verb is always placed before the main verb.
  • It is also called auxiliary verbs. The main verb is supported by a helping verb.
  • Auxiliary verbs help to express the main verb's mood, voice or tense.
  • Auxiliary verbs can also function as a main verb. They can work alone or as part of a sentence.
  • The main helping verbs are to be, to have, and to do.
  • These verbs allow us to form various tenses, voices and moods.

Examples:

helping vers

Helping Verbs and its Forms

Helping verbs have three forms that help the main verb to form questions or to make the verb tense clear.

  1. To Be: is, am, are, were, was, been, being, will be
  2. Present Simple Past Past Participle
    am, is, are were, was been

  3. To Do: do, does, did, will do
  4. Present Simple Past Past Participle
    do, does did done
  5. To Have: have, has, had, will have, having.
  6. Present Simple Past Past Participle
    have, has had had

Examples:

  1. He was waiting for hours.
  2. He is waiting inside.
  3. He will be coming.
  4. Did you lose?
  5. Don't forget your mobile phone.
  6. He had been preparing for it.
  7. I have been working for long.
  8. I will have to answer it.

Types of Auxiliary or Helping verbs

There are two types of helping verbs. They are mentioned below:

types of auxiliary verbs

Common Mistakes

  1. When using a main verb with -ing, a helping verb must be used. It can’t be the only verb in a sentence.
  2. Examples:

    tickYou are making me mad.

    crossYou making me mad.

  3. Auxiliary ‘do’ must be used with simple verbs in questions. ‘Are’ must be used for nouns and adjectives.
  4. Examples:

    tickDo you study here?

    crossAre you study here?

  5. A helping verb usually comes before the main verb. It should not come after the main verb.
  6. Examples:

  7. I am baking a cake.

Exceptions

Usually positive sentences in the simple present tense don’t use a helping verb. However, it does have an exception when using the auxiliary ‘do’.

Examples:

  1. Sentence pair 1:
    • I agree with her. (positive sentence)
    • I do agree with her. (usage of auxiliary do)
  2. Sentence pair 2:
    • I respect her. (positive sentence)
    • I do respect her. (usage of auxiliary do)
  3. Sentence pair 3:
    • He really wants to visit us.
    • He does want to visit us.

Please note that after using ‘do’ and its forms, the verb does not end with the letter ‘s’.

Helping Verbs chart
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