Kinds of Sentences
Concept: Imperative Sentences
- A sentence that is used to ask somebody to do something is called an imperative sentence.
- It is used to give a command, request, instructions, and advice.
- Switch off the lights and fans. (Order/command)
- Be nice to old people. (Advice)
- Close the cupboard. (Order/command)
- Follow the arrows to the garden. (Command)
- Please be careful as you go ahead. (Request)
- Wait a minute before you repeat the process. (Advice)
- Take a right and climb the steps that lead to the terrace. (Directions)
- Slowly after 45 minutes, open the lid to check whether it is cooked or not. (Instructions)
About Imperative Sentences
- It ends with a full stop or an exclamation mark.
- Please come in!
- Give me a cup of tea, please.
- The imperative sentence begins with a verb.
- Turn left at the corner.
- Walk straight ahead.
Imperative Sentences Written in Positive and Negative Form
Imperative sentences can be said to be of two types: Positive and negative of imperative sentences:
Positive Imperative Sentences
These sentences speak about agreeing to a request, command, order, etc.
Positive imperative sentences do not have ‘not’ in the sentence.
- Get the letter from the letter box.
- Let’s go to play!
Negative Imperative Sentences
- Negative Imperative sentences are used when restrictions are to be made when the instruction is given in the sentence.
- These sentences usually have the word ‘not’ or negation such as n’t.
- Don’t travel alone.
- Shouldn’t you close the lift door properly?
- Imperative and exclamatory sentences are often confusing. Not every sentence that ends with an exclamation
is an imperative sentence.
- I came first! (This is an exclamatory sentence that conveys the emotions of joy)
- Don’t do that! (This is an imperative sentence that is a command)
- An imperative sentence does not use a subject(who or what). It is obvious that the subject is ‘you’. It is
implied and not mentioned in the sentence.
Wash the clothes.
You wash the clothes.
(The subject “you” is implied, not used.)
Run to the terrace.
You run to the terrace.
- The imperative sentence starts with a verb.
Run for cover
You run for cover
Close the door
You close the door
While imperative sentences begin with a verb usually, there are exceptions. Not all sentences begin with a verb.
- Please get me a cup of coffee.
- Yes, get it here.
- Sure, ask them to send me a mail.
- Always use a blue towel.
In the above sentences, the verb follows the highlighted adverbs.